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A terrestrial record of climate variation during MIS 11 through multiproxy palaeotemperature reconstructions from Hoxne, UK

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  11 July 2022

David J. Horne*
School of Geography, Queen Mary University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK
Nick Ashton
Department of Britain, Europe & Prehistory, British Museum, London N1 5QJ, UK
Ginny Benardout
School of Geography, Queen Mary University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK
Stephen J. Brooks
Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK
G. Russell Coope
School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
Jonathan A. Holmes
Environmental Change Research Centre, Department of Geography, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
Simon G. Lewis
School of Geography, Queen Mary University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK
Simon A. Parfitt
Institute of Archaeology, University College London, London WCIH 0PY, UK
Tom S. White
Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK
Nicki J. Whitehouse
School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, Plymouth University, Drake Circus, Plymouth PL4 8AA, UK, and Archaeology, School of Humanities, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK
John E. Whittaker
Department of Earth Sciences, Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK
*Corresponding author at: School of Geography, Queen Mary University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK. E-mail address: (D.J. Horne).


A terrestrial (lacustrine and fluvial) palaeoclimate record from Hoxne (Suffolk, UK) shows two temperate phases separated by a cold episode, correlated with MIS 11 subdivisions corresponding to isotopic events 11.3 (Hoxnian interglacial period), 11.24 (Stratum C cold interval), and 11.23 (warm interval with evidence of human presence). A robust, reproducible multiproxy consensus approach validates and combines quantitative palaeotemperature reconstructions from three invertebrate groups (beetles, chironomids, and ostracods) and plant indicator taxa with qualitative implications of molluscs and small vertebrates. Compared with the present, interglacial mean monthly air temperatures were similar or up to 4.0°C higher in summer, but similar or as much as 3.0°C lower in winter; the Stratum C cold interval, following prolonged nondeposition or erosion of the lake bed, experienced summers 2.5°C cooler and winters between 5°C and 10°C cooler than at present. Possible reworking of fossils into Stratum C from underlying interglacial assemblages is taken into account. Oxygen and carbon isotopes from ostracod shells indicate evaporatively enriched lake water during Stratum C deposition. Comparative evaluation shows that proxy-based palaeoclimate reconstruction methods are best tested against each other and, if validated, can be used to generate more refined and robust results through multiproxy consensus.

Research Article
Copyright © University of Washington. Published by Cambridge University Press, 2022

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