Skip to main content
×
Home

An assessment of changes in properties of steppe kurgan paleosoils in relation to prevailing climates over recent millennia

  • Tatiana E. Khomutova (a1), Tatiana S. Demkina (a1), Alexander V. Borisov (a1), Natalia N. Kashirskaya (a1), Maxim V. Yeltsov (a1) and Vitaly A. Demkin (a1)...
Abstract
Abstract

Comparative analysis of morphological and chemical properties of the soil chronosequence on Kastanozems soils in the steppe zone of the Russian Plain, which included paleosoils buried beneath kurgans erected ca. 2000 BC, AD 50, AD 200, and AD 1250 was performed to reconstruct the paleoenvironmental conditions in this archeologically important region. Paleoenvironmental dynamics were traced using the state of microbial communities of paleo and modern soils (including the dynamics of total and glucose-reactive biomass, and the abundance of microorganisms grown on selected media). We demonstrate that the share of the glucose-reactive microorganisms in the microbial community, the ecological–trophic structure, and oligotrophicity index might serve as indicators of the state of microbial communities and be used for paleoenvironmental reconstructions. The morphological–chemical and microbial properties confirm an arid period ca. 2000 BC, slightly wetter conditions ca. AD 50, and more humid conditions ca. AD 1250.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author. Fax: +7 4967 330595. E-mail address: khomutova-t@rambler.ru (T.E. Khomutova).
References
Hide All
Aleksandrovskiy A.L., (2002). The Development of the Soils of the Eastern Europe Within the Holocene. Doctoral Theses (Geography), Moscow. 48 p. (in Russian).
Aleksandrovskiy A.L., van der Plicht J., Belinskiy A.B., and Khokholova O.S. Chronology of soil evolution and climatic changes in the dry steppe zone of the Northern Caucasus, Russia, during the 3rd millennium BC. Radiocarbon. Carmi I., Boaretto E. Proceedings of the 17th International 14C Conference vol. 43, NrB, (2001). 629635.
Ananyeva N.D., and Vassilieva G.K. The role of microbial factor in the destruction of 3,4-dichloraniline in soils. Pochvovedenie 5, (1985). 7277. (in Russian)
Anderson J.P.E., and Domsch K.H. A physiological method for the quantitative measurement of microbial biomass in soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 10, 3 (1978). 215221.
Bettis E.A., and Thompson D.M. Interrelationship of Cultural and Fluvial Deposits in Northern Iowa. (1982). Association of Iowa Archaeologists Fieldtrip Guidebook, University of South Dakota Archaeological Laboratory, Vermillion.
Borisov A.V., (2002). Development of the Soils in Desert-Steppe Zone of the Volga-Don Interfluve Within Past 5000 years. PhD theses, Moscow. 23 p. (in Russian).
Borisov A.V., Ganchak T.V., Demkina T.S., (2006). Biomass of the Fungi Mycelium in Buried and Modern Soils of the Steppe Zone. (in press).
Brockman F.J., Kieft T.L., Fredrickson J.K., Fjornstad B.N., Li S.W., Spagenburg W., and Long P.E. Microbiology of Vadose Zone Paleosoils in South-Central Washington State. Microbial Ecology 23, (1992). 279301.
Dalfes H.N., Kukla G., and Weiss H. Third Millennium BC. Climate Change and Old World Collapse. Nato ASI Series. Serie I: Global Environmental Change vol. 49, (1997). Springer Verlag,
Demkin V.A. Paleopochvovedenie i Archeologiya (Paleopedology and Archeology). (1997). Pushchino Research Center Press, Pushchino. (in Russian)
Demkin V.A., Yeltsov M.V., Alekseev A.O., Alekseeva T.V., Demkina T.S., and Borisov A.V. Soil development in the lower Volga area during the historical period. Eurasian Soil Science 37, (2004). 13241333. (Translated from Pochvovedenie 2004, 12, 1486–1497)
Demkin V.A., Yakimov A.S., Alekseev A.O., Kashirskaya N.N., and El'tsov M.V. Paleosol and paleoenvironmental conditions in the lower volga steppes during the Golden Horde period (13th–14th centuries AD). Eurasian Soil Science 39, 2 (2006). 115126.
Demkina T.S., Borisov A.V., and Demkin V.A. Microbial communities in the paleosoils of Archaeological monuments in the desert-Steppe Zone. Eurasian Soil Science 33, (2000). 978986.
Demkina T.S., Borisov A.V., and Demkin V.A. Paleosoils and paleoenvironment in the Northern Ergeni upland in the latest Neolithic and Bronze Ages (4-2 ka BC). Eurasian Soil Science 36, (2003). 586598.
Eidt R.C. Theoretical and Practical Considerations in the Analysis of Antrosols. Rapp G., and Gifford J.A. Archaeological Geology. (1985). Yale University Press, New York. 155190.
Faegri A., Torsvik L.V., and Goksoeyr J. Bacterial and fungal activities in soil: separation of bacteria and fungi by a rapid fractionated centrifugation technique. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 9, (1977). 105112.
Fedoroff N., Demkin V.A., and Courty M.-A. Non-linear behavior of soil systems during holocene. Mitteilungen der Osterreichischen Bodenkundlichen Gesellschaft H 55, (1997). 139143.
Friedman E.I. Antarctic Microbiology. (1993). Wiley-Liss,
Gerasimenko N.P. Environmental and Climatic Changes from 3 to 5 ka BP in South-Easern Ukraine. Dalfes H.N., Kukla G., and Weiss H. Third Millennium BC. Climate Change and Old World Collapse. Nato ASI Series. Serie I: Global Environmental Change vol. 49, (1997). Springer Verlag, 371399.
Goldberg P. Late Quaternary environmental history of the Southern Levant. Geoarchaeology 1, (1986). 225244.
Haynes C., Vance Jr. Morrison R.B., Wright H.E. Jr. Geochronology of Late-Quaternary Alluvium, Means of Correlation of Quaternary Succession. (1968). University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City. 591631.
Ivanov I.V. Evolution of Soils of the Steppe Zone in the Holocene. (1992). Nauka, Moscow. 144 p. (in Russian)
Khlebnikova G.M., Gilichinsky D.A., Fedorov-Davydov D.G., and Vorob'eva E.A. Quantitative estimation of microorganisms in the long-term frozen deposits and buried soils. Mikrobiologiya 59, (1990). 148155. (in Russian)
Khomutova T.E., Demkina T.S., and Demkin V.A. Estimation of the total and active microbial biomasses in buried subkurgan paleosoils of different age. Microbiology 73, (2004). 196201. (Translated from Mikrobiologiya 2004, 73, 241–247)
Kovda V.A. Basics of Soil Science vol. 1–2, (1973). Nauka, Moscow.
Methods of Soil Analysis, (1994). Soil Science Society of America. Part 1. 667 S. Segou Rd., Madison, WI 53711, USA.
Nikitin D.I., and Nikitina E.S. Self-Purification Processes of the Environment and the Bacteria Parasites (Genus Bdellovibrio). (1978). Moscow (in Russian)
Paulissen E., and Vermeersh P.M. Earth, man and climate in the Egyptian Nile Valley during the Pleistocene. Close A.E. Prehistory of Arid North Africa: Essays in Honor of Fred Wendorf. (1987). Southern Methodist University Press, Dallas. 2967.
Ramzay A. Extraction of bacteria from soil: efficiency of shaking or ultrasonication as indicated by direct counts and autoradiography. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 16, 5 (1988). 475481.
Ranov V.A., and Davis R.S. Toward a new outline of the soviet Central Asia paleolithic. Bulletin of the Texas Archaeological Society 54, (1979). 201238.
Reider R.G. Late Pleistocene and Holocene soils of the Carter/Kerr-McGee Archaeological Site, Powder River Basin, Wyoming. Catena 12, (1980). 301315.
Roszak D.B., and Colwell R.R. Survival strategy of bacteria in the environment. Microbiological Reviews 51, (1987). 520533.
Skripkin A.S. The History of the Volgogradskaya Land Prior to the City Foundation. Volgograd. (2005). 203 p.
Tepper E.Z. Microorganisms of the Nocardia Genus and the Humus Destruction. (1976). Moscow Nauka Press, (in Russian)
Weiss H., Courty M.-A., Guichard F., Senior L., Meadow R., and Curnov A. The genesis and collapse of Third Millennium North Mesopotamia Civilization. Science 261, (1993). 9951004.
Zvyagintsev D.G., Gilichinsky D.A., Blagodatsky S.A., Vorob'eva E.A., Khlebnikova G.M., and Arkhangelov A.A. Duration of the microbial surviving in the permafrost deposits and buried soils. Mikrobiologiya 54, (1985). 155161. (in Russian)
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Quaternary Research
  • ISSN: 0033-5894
  • EISSN: 1096-0287
  • URL: /core/journals/quaternary-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 2 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 33 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 20th January 2017 - 19th November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.