Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Early bronze in two Holocene archaeological sites in Gansu, NW China

  • John Dodson (a1), Xiaoqiang Li (a2), Ming Ji (a2), Keliang Zhao (a2), Xinying Zhou (a2) and Vladimir Levchenko (a1)...
Abstract
Abstract

Understanding of the origin and development of bronze technology in eastern Asia remains unresolved. Here we report on the distribution of copper and associated cations in sediments from Huoshiliang in northwestern Gansu, China, strontium and lead isotope analyses of ore and slag samples, and some artifact fragments at archaeological sites at Ganggangwa and Huoshiliang in the Black River valley.

We conclude that bronze production began perhaps as early as 2135 BC and that the Baishantang modern mine site at Dingxin was a possible source of copper ore. There was at least one other, but currently unidentified, source of ore. The Bronze Age people were also farmers and planted cereals such as wheat, and they may have abandoned the region when wood was exhausted and desertification took over.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Corresponding author. E-mail address: jdd@ansto.gov.au (J. Dodson).
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

C. Deniel , and C. Pin Single-stage method for the simultaneous isolation of lead and strontium from silicate samples for isotopic measurements. Analytica Chimica Acta 426, (2001). 95103.

I. De Ryck , A. Adriaens , and F.A. Adams An overview of Mesopotamian bronze metallurgy during the 3rd millennium BC. Journal of Cultural Heritage 6, (2005). 261268.

G. Faure , and J.L. Powell Strontium Isotope Geology. (1972). Springer-Verlag, New York.

N.H. Gale , and Z.A. Stos-Gale Bronze Age copper sources in the Mediterranean: a new approach. Science 216, (1982). 1119.

I. Kuleff , and E. Pernicka Instrumental neutron activation analysis of native copper — some methodological considerations. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 191, (1995). 145161.

C.S.L. Lee , S-H. Qi , G. Zhang , C-L. Luo , L.Y.L. Zhao , and X-D. Li Seven thousand years of records on the mining and utilization of metals from lake sediments in central China. Environmental Science and Technology 42, (2008). 47324738.

A. Olariu , M. Constantinescu , O. Constantinescu , T. Badica , I.V. Popescu , C. Besliu , and D. Leahu Trace analysis of ancient gold objects using radiochemical neutron activation analysis. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 240, (1999). 261267.

P.J. Reimer , M.G. Baillie , E. Bard Intcal04 terrestrial radiocarbon age calibration, 0–26 cal kyr BP. Radiocarbon 46, (2004). 10291058.

G. Spoto , E. Ciliberto , G.C. Allen , C.M. Younes , P. Piccardo , M.R. Pinasco , E. Stagno , M.G. Ienco , and R. Maggi Chemical and structural properties of ancient metallic artefacts: multitechnique approach to the study of early bronzes. British Corrosion Journal 35, (2000). 4347.

M. Tatsumoto Genetic relations of oceanic basalts as indicated by lead isotopes. Science 153, (1966). 10941101.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Quaternary Research
  • ISSN: 0033-5894
  • EISSN: 1096-0287
  • URL: /core/journals/quaternary-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 10 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 31 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 20th January 2017 - 25th June 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.