Skip to main content Accessibility help

The glaciogenic origin of the Pleistocene calcareous dust in Argentina on the basis of field, mineralogical, textural, and geochemical analyses

  • Thea Vogt (a1), Norbert Clauer (a2) and Isabelle Techer (a3)


Calcareous dust occurs in Argentina as layers and pockets closely associated with Pleistocene deposits and periglacial features from southernmost Patagonia to at least the Mendoza Precordillera and has been traditionally interpreted as a soil horizon resulting from postdepositional pedogenesis during interglacials. Detailed field and microscopic observations and sedimentological and geochemical analyses of more than 100 samples collected from lower to upper Pleistocene deposits between 51°S and 33°S and from near sea level to 2800 m asl allow us to interpret the dust as synchronous with the host sediment. All observations and analyses lead us to conclude that: (1) the cryogenic morphology and the chemical signatures of the calcite component show that the dust is glaciogenic, (2) the dust was carried by southeasterly Antarctic winds, and (3) it was deposited over most of southern and central Argentina. Field observations, geomorphic evidence, and radiocarbon dates suggest that the dust was deposited during several Pleistocene glacial episodes.


Corresponding author

*Corresponding author at: Friedrichstrasse 3, D-77694 Kehl, Germany. E-mail address: (T. Vogt).


Hide All
Abraham de Vazquez, E.M., Garleff, K., 1985. Fossil periglacial phenomena in the central and southern part of the Piemont of Mendoza Province, Argentina. Zentralblatt Geologie Paläontologie, Teil I: Allgemeine,Angewandte, Regionale und Historische Geologie 1, 17091719.
Ackert, R.P. Jr., 2009. Palaeoclimate: Patagonian dust machine. Nature Geoscience 2, 244245.
Adolphe, J.P., 1966. Etude de quelques cristallisations provoquées par gel expérimental. Cahiers Géologiques 79–80, 911917.
Adolphe, J.P., 1972. Obtention d’encroûtements carbonatés par gel expérimental. Comptes-Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences de Paris 274, 11391142.
Albani, S., Mahowald, N., Delmonte, B., Maggi, V., 2010. Changes in mineral dust transport and deposition to Antarctica between the Last Glacial Maximum and current climates: modelling concentration, size and provenance. Geophysical Research Abstracts 12, EGU2010-4680, 2010, EGU General Assembly Vienna 2-7 May, 2010.
Albani, S., Mahowald, N., Delmonte, B., Maggi, V., Winckler, G., 2011. Comparing modeled and observed changes in mineral dust transport and deposition to Antarctica between the Last Glacial Maximum and current climates. Climate Dynamics 38, 17311755.
Anderson, J.B., Shipp, S.S., Lowe, A.L., Wellner, J.S., Mosola, A.B., 2002. The Antarctic Ice Sheet during the Last Glacial Maximum and its subsequent retreat history: a review. Quaternary Science Reviews 21, 4970.
Anderson, S.P., Drever, J.I., Humphrey, N.F., 1997. Chemical weathering in glacial environments. Geology 25, 399402.
Andres, M.S., Bernasconi, S.M., McKenzie, J.A., Roht, U., 2003. Southern Ocean deglacial record supports global Younger Dryas. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 216, 515524.
Aniya, M., 2013. Holocene glaciations of Hielo Patagónico (Patagonia Icefield), South America: a brief review. Geochemical Journal 47, 97105.
Baker, P.A., Seltzer, G.O., Fritz, S.C., Dunbar, R.B., Grove, M.J., Tapia, P.M., Cross, S.L., Rowe, H.D., Broda, J.P., 2001. The history of South American tropical precipitation for the past 25,000 years. Science 291, 640643.
Basile, I., Grousset, F.E., Revel, M., Petit, J.R., Biscaye, P.E., Barkov, N., 1997. Patagonian origin of glacial dust deposited in East Antarctica (Vostok and Dome C) during glacial stages 2, 4 and 6. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 146, 573589.
Benn, D.I., Clapperton, C.M., 2000. Glacial sediment–landform associations and paleoclimate during the Last Glaciation, Strait of Magellan, Chile. Quaternary Research 54, 513523.
Berner, R.A., 1968. Calcium carbonate concretions formed by decomposition of organic matter. Science 159, 195197.
Blisniuk, P.M., Stern, L.A., Chamberlain, C.P., Idleman, B., Zeitler, P.K., 2005. Climatic and ecologic changes during Miocene surface uplift in the Southern Patagonian Andes. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 230, 125142.
Bockheim, J., Coronato, A., Rabassa, J., Ercolano, B, Ponce, J., 2009. Relict sand wedges in southern Patagonia and their stratigraphic and paleo-environmental significance. Quaternary Science Reviews 28, 11881199.
Bockheim, J., Douglass, D.C., 2006. Origin and significance of calcium carbonate in soils of southwestern Patagonia. Geoderma 136, 751762.
Borromei, A.Z., Coronato, A., Quattrocchio, M., Rabassa, J., Grill, S., Roig, C., 2007. Late Pleistocene–Holocene environments in Valle Carbajal, Tierra del Fuego, Argentina. Journal of South America Earth Sciences 23, 321335.
Bouza, P.J., del Valle, H.F., Imbellone, P.A., 1993. Micromorphological, physical, and chemical characteristics of soil crust types of the central Patagonia region, Argentina. Arid Soil Research and Rehabilitation 7, 355368.
Bouza, P.J., Simón, M., Aguilar, J., del Valle, H., Rostagno, M., 2007. Fibrous-clay mineral formation and soil evolution in Aridisols of northeastern Patagonia, Argentina. Geoderma 139, 3850.
Bukowska-Jania, E., 2007. The role of glacier system in migration of calcium carbonate on Svalbard. Polish Polar Research 28, 137155.
Buschiazzo, D.E., Martínez, H.M., Peinemann, N., 1987. Condiciones paleoclimáticas deducidas de indicatores pedológicos y geomorfológicos en la región pampeana central (Argentina). Zentralblatt für Geologie und Paläontologie 1, 875883.
Cailleux, A., 1965. Quaternary secondary chemical deposition in France. Geological Society of America Special Paper 84, 125138.
Cailleux, A., 1967. Actions du vent et du froid entre le Yukon et Anchorage, Alaska. Geografiska Annaler 49, 145154.
Cailleux, A., 1968. Periglacial of McMurdo Strait (Antarctica). Biuletyn Peryglacjalny 17, 5790.
Caillon, N., Severinghaus, P., Jouzel, J., Barnola, J.-M., Kang, J., Lipenkov, V.Y., 2003. Timing of atmospheric CO2 and Antarctic temperature changes across Termination III. Science 299, 17281731.
Carneiro Filho, A., Schwartz, D., Tatumi, S.H., Rosique, T., 2002. Amazonian paleodunes provide evidence for drier climate phases during the Late Pleistocence–Holocene. Quaternary Research 58, 205209.
Cavallotto, J.L., Violante, R.A, Hernández-Molina, F.J., 2011. Geological aspects and evolution of the Patagonian continental margin. In: Palaeogeography and Palaeoclimatology of Patagonia: Implications for Biodiversity. Special issue, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 103, 346–362.
Caviedes, C.N., Paskoff, R., 1975. Quaternary glaciations in the Andes of north-central Chile. Journal of Glaciology 14, 155170.
Cerling, T.E., Quade, J., 1993. Stable carbon and oxygen isotopes in soil carbonates. In: Swart, P.K., Lohmann, K.C., Mckenzie, J., Savin, S. (Eds.), Climate Change in Continental Isotopic Records. Geophysical Monograph Series 78. Wiley, New York, pp. 217231.
Clapperton, C.M., 1993aNature of environmental changes in South America at the Last Glacial Maximum. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 101, 189208.
Clapperton, C.M., 1993bQuaternary Geology and Geomorphology of South America. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
Clapperton, C.M., 1994. The quaternary glaciation of Chile: a review. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 67, 369383.
Clapperton, C.M., Clayton, J.D., Benn, D.I., Marden, C.J., Argollo, J., 1997. Late Quaternary glacier advances and palaeolake highstands in the Bolivian Altiplano. Quaternary International 38–39, 4959.
Clark, I.D., Lauriol, B., 1992. Kinetic enrichment of stable isotopes in cryogenic calcites. Chemical Geology 102, 217228.
Clayton, J.D, Clapperton, C.M., 1995. The last glacial cycle and paleolake synchrony in the southern Bolivian Altiplano: Cerro Azanaques case study. Bulletin de l’Institut Français d’Etudes Andines 24, 563571.
Cofaigh, Ó.C., Davies, B.J., Livingstone, S.J., Smith, J.A., Johnson, J.S., Hocking, E.P., Hogdson, D.A., et al., 2014. Reconstruction of ice-sheet changes in the Antarctic Peninsula since the Last Glacial Maximum. In: Bentley, M.J., Ó Cofaigh, C., Anderson, J.B. (Eds.), Reconstruction of Antarctic Ice Sheet Deglaciation (RAISED). Special issue, Quaternary Science Reviews 100, 87110.
Compagnucci, R.H., 2011. Atmospheric circulation over Patagonia from the Jurassic to present: a review through proxy data and climatic modelling scenarios. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 103, 229249.
Corte, A.E., 1962. Vertical migration of particles in front of moving freezing plane. Journal of Geophysical Research 67, 10851090.
Corte, A.E., 1963. Relationship between four ground patterns, structure of the active layer and type and distribution of ice in permafrost. Biuletyn Peryglacjalni 12, 790.
Corte, A.E., 1968. Informe preliminar del progreso efectuado en el estudio de las estructuras de crioturbación pleistocenas fósiles en la provincia de Santa Cruz. In: III Jornadas Geológicas Argentinas Comodoro Rivadavia, 20-30 November 1966, 2, 9–17.
Corte, A.E., Beltramone, C., 1984. Edad de la estructuras geocryogénicas de Puerto Madryn (Chubut). 2da Reuniòn del Grupo Periglacial Argentino, IANIGLA/CRICYT/CONICET, proceedings of a meeting held in Mendoza 1984, 6672.
Crosta, X., 2009. Antarctic sea ice history, Late Quaternary. In: Gornitz, V. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments. Springer, Berlin, pp. 2123.
Crosta, X., Pichon, J.-J., Burckle, L.H., 1998. Application of modern analog technique to marine Antarctic diatoms: reconstruction of maximum sea-ice extent at the Last Glacial Maximum. Paleoceanography 13, 284297.
Crouvi, O., Enzel, Y., Amit, R., Gillespie, A., 2010. Intensive winds during glacial periods increased sand dune activity and loess deposition. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco 13-17 December 2010, abstract #PP13A -1490.
Delmas, R.J., Petit, J.R., 1994. Present Antarctic aerosol composition: a memory of Ice-Age atmospheric dust? Geophysical Research Letters 21, 879882.
Delmonte, B., 2003. Quaternary variations and origin of continental dust in East Antarctica. Tesi Scienze Università Siena.
Delmonte, B., Andersson, P.S., Baroni, C., Petit, J.R., Hansson, M., Albani, S., Maggi, V., Frezzotti., M., 2011. Mineral dust in East Antarctica: Assessing the contribution from remote and local dust sources from the last glacial maximum to present-day. XVIII INQUA Bern 21-27 July 2011, Mineral Dust: a product and agent of Quaternary climate change, Abstract 783.
Delmonte, B., Andersson, P.S., Schöberg, H., Hansson, M., Petit, J.-R., Delmas, R., Gaiero, D.M., Maggi, V., Frezzotti, M., 2010. Geographic provenance of aeolian dust in East Antarctica during Pleistocene glaciations: preliminary results from Talos Dome and comparison with East Antarctic and new Andean ice core data. Quaternary Science Reviews 29, 256264.
Delmonte, B., Basile-Doelsch, I., Petit, J.-R., Maggi, V., Revel-Rolland, M., Michard, A., Jagoutz, E., Grousset, F., 2004. Comparing the Epica and Vostok dust records during the last 220,000 years: stratigraphical correlation and provenance in glacial periods. Earth-Science Reviews 66, 6387.
Delmonte, B., Petit, J.R., Basile-Doelsch, I., Jagoutz, E., Maggi, V., 2007. 6. Late Quaternary interglacials in East Antarctica from ice-core dust records. In: Sirocko, F., Claussen, M., Litt, T., Sanchez-Goñi, M.F. (Eds.), The Climate of Past Interglacials. Developments in Quaternary Science 7. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 5373.
del Valle, H., Beltramone, C., 1987. Morfología de la accumulaciones calcáreas en algunos paleosuelos de Patagónia Oriental (Chubut). Ciencia del Suelo 5, 7787.
Ek, C., Pissart, A., 1965. Dépôt de carbonate de calcium par congélation et teneur en bicarbonate des eaux résiduelles. Comptes-Rendus Académie des Sciences de Paris 260, 929.
Espizua, L.E., 2004. Pleistocene glaciations in the Mendoza Andes, Argentina. In: Ehlers, J., Gibbard, P.L. (Eds.), Quaternary Glaciations—Extent and Chronology. Part 3. Elsevier, Amsterdam 6973.
Espizua, L.E., Bigazzi, G., 1998. Fission-track dating of the Punta de Vacas Glaciation in the Rio Mendoza valley, Argentina. Quaternary Science Reviews 17, 755760.
Fairchild, I.J., Killawee, J.A., Spiro, B., Tison, J.L., 1996. Calcite precipitates formed by freezing processes: kinetic controls on morphology and geochemistry. Bottrell, S. (ed.), Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on the Geochemistry of the Earth's Surface, Ilkley, Yorkshire, 22-28 July 1996, 178–183. Wiley.
Fischer, H., Fundel, F., Ruth, U., Twarloh, B., Wegner, A., Udisti, R., Becagli, S., et al., 2007. Reconstruction of millennial changes in dust emission, transport and regional sea ice coverage using the deep EPICA ice cores from the Atlantic and Indian Ocean sector of Antarctica. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 260, 340354.
Flower, B.P., Kennett, J., 1994. The middle Miocene climatic transition: East Antarctc ice sheet development, deep ocean circulation and global carbon cycling. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 108, 537555.
Gaiero, D., Depetris, P., Probst, J.L., Bidart, S., Lelyter, L., 2004. The signature of river- and wind-borne materials exported from Patagonia to the southern latitudes: a view from REEs and implications for paleoclimatic interpretations. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 219/3-4, 357–376.
Gaiero, D., 2007. Dust provenance in Antarctic ice during glacial periods: from where in southern South America? Geophysical Research Letters, 34.
Gaiero, D.M., Brunet, F., Probst, J.L., Depetris, P.J., 2007. A uniform isotopic and chemical signature of dust exported from Patagonia: rock sources and occurrence in southern environments. Chemical Geology 238, 107120.
Galloway, J.P., 1985. Fossil ice-wedges in Patagonia and their palaeoclimatic significance. Zeitschrift für Geomorphology 29, 389396.
Garcia, J.L., Kaplan, M., Hall, B.L., Schaefer, J.M., Vega, R., Schwartz, R., Finkel, R.C., 2012. Glacier expansion in southern Patagonia throughout the Antarctic Cold Reversal. Geology 40, 859862.
Gersonde, R., Crosta, X., Abelmann, A., Armand, L., 2005. Sea-surface temperature and sea ice distribution of the Southern Ocean at the EPILOG Last Glacial Maximum—a circum-Antarctic view based on siliceous microfossil records. Quaternary Science Reviews 24, 869896.
Glasser, N.F., Harrison, S., Winchester, V., Aniya, M., 2004. Late Pleistocene and Holocene palaeoclimate and glacier fluctuations in Patagonia. Global and Planetary Change 43, 79101.
Graham, A.G.C., Larter, R.D., Gohl, K., Dowdeswell, J.A., Hillenbrand, C.-D., Smith, J.A., Evans, J., Kuhn, G., Deen, T., 2010. Flow and retreat of the Late Quaternary Pine Island-Thwaites palaeo-ice stream, West Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research 115, F03025.
Grosso, S.A., Corte, A.E., 1989. Pleistocene ice wedge casts at 34°S eastern Andes piedmont, South-West of South America. Geografiska Annaler A 71, 125137.
Guilderson, T., Burckle, L., Hemming, S., Peltier, W.R., 2000. Late Pleistocene sea level variations derived from the Argentine Shelf. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 1.
Haberzettl, T., Corbella, H., Fey, M., Janssen, S., Lücke, A., Mayr, C., Ohlendorf, C., Schäbitz, F., Schleser, G.-H., Wille, M., Wulf, S., Zolitschka, B., 2007. Lateglacial and Holocene wet–dry cycles in southern Patagonia: chronology, sedimentology and geochemistry of a lacustrine record from Laguna Potrok Aike, Argentina. The Holocene 17, 297310.
Hallet, B., 1975. Subglacial silica deposits. Nature 254, 682683.
Harrington, H.J., 1941. Investigaciones geologicas en las Sierras de Villavicencio y Mal Pais. Provincia de Mendoza. Boletin Direccion de Minas y Geologia 49. Buenos Aires, 54 p.
Heusser, C.J., 1989. Late Quaternary vegetation and climate of southern Tierra del Fuego. Quaternary Research 31, 396406.
Hulton, N.R.J., Purves, R.S., McCulloch, R.D., Sugden, D.E., Bentley, M.J., 2002. The Last Glacial Maximum and deglaciation in southern South America. Quaternary Science Reviews 21, 233241.
Ingólfsson, O., 2004. Quaternary glacial and climate history of Antarctica. In:: Ehlers, J., Gibard, P.L. (Eds.), Quaternary Glaciations—Extent and Chronology. Part 3. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 343.
Inskeep, W.P., Bloom, P.R., 1986. Kinetics of calcite precipitation in the presence of water soluble organic ligands. Soil Science Society of America 50, 11671172.
Iriondo, M.H., Garcia, N.O., 1993. Climatic variation in the Argentine plains during the last 18,000 years. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 101, 209220.
Iriondo, M.H., Kröhling, D.M., 1995. El sistema eólico pampeano. Comunicaciones Museo Provincial Ciencias Naturales “Florentino Ameghino” (N.S.), Santa Fé 5/1, 45pp.
Jouzel, J., Barkov, N.I., Barnola, J.M., Genthon, C., Korotkevitch, Y.S., Kotlyakov, V.M., Legrand, M., et al., 1989. Global change over the last climatic cycle from the Vostok ice core record (Antarctica). Quaternary International 2, 1524.
Kaiser, J., Lamy, F., Hebbeln, D., 2005. A 70-kyr sea surface temperature record off southern Chile (Ocean Drilling Program Site 1233). Paleoceanography 20, PA4009.
Kaiser, J., Lamy, F., 2010. Links between Patagonian ice sheet fluctuations and Antarctic dust variability during the last glacial period (MIS 4-2). Quaternary Science Reviews 29, 1464–1471
Kim, J.-H., Schneider, R.R., Mulitza, S., Müller, P.J., 2003. Reconstruction of SE trade-wind intensity based on sea-surface temperature gradients in the Southeast Atlantic over the last 25 kyr. Geophysical Research Letters 30, 2144.
Klappa, C.F., 1979. Calcified filaments in Quaternary calcretes: organo-mineral interactions in the subaerial vadose environment. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 49, 955968.
Kohfeld, K.E., Harrison, S.P., 2001. DIRTMAP: the geological record of dust. Earth Science Review 5/1-34, 81-114. doi: 10.1016/S0012-8252(01)00042-3.
Konishchev, V.N., 1982. Characteristics of cryogenic weathering in the permafrost zone of the European USSR. Arctic and Alpine Research 14, 261265.
Kotlyakov, V.M., Nikolayev, V.I., Korotkevich, Y.S., Petrov, V.N., Barkov, N.I., Lipenkov, V.Y., Lorius, C., et al., 1991. Global changes over the last climatic cycle from Antarctic ice core records. In: Glaciers-Oceans-Atmosphere Interactions (Proceedings of the International Symposium held at St. Petersburg, September 1990). IAHS Publication 208. International Association of Hydrological Sciences, Wallingfor, U.K., pp. 15–27.
Kronberg, B.I., Benchimol, R.E., 1992. Geochemistry and geochronology of surficial Acre basin sediments (western Amazonia): key information for climate reconstruction. Acta Amazonica 22, 5169.
Kull, C., Hänni, F., Grosjean, M., Veit, H., 2003. Evidence of an LGM cooling in NW-Argentina (22°S) derived from a glacier climate model. Quaternary International 108, 311.
Latrubesse, E.M., Ramonell, C.G., 1994. A climatic model for southwestern Amazonia in Last Glacial times. Quaternary International 21, 163169.
Lebron, I., Suarez, D., 1996. Calcite nucleation and precipitation kinetics as affected by dissolved organic matter at 25°C and pH>7.5. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 60, 27652776.
Legrand, M.R., Lorius, C., Barkov, N.I., Petrov, V.N., 1988. Vostok (Antarctica) ice core: atmospheric chemistry changes over the last climatic cycle (160,000 years). Atmospheric Environment 22, 317331.
Li, F., Ramaswamy, V., Ginoux, P., Broccoli, A.J., Delworth, T., Zeng, F., 2010. Toward understanding the dust deposition in Antarctica during the Last Glacial Maximum: Sensitivity studies on plausible causes. Journal of Geophysical Research 115, 1–14
Li, F., Ginoux, P., Ramaswamy, V., 2008. Distribution, transport, and deposition of mineral dust in the Southern Ocean and Antarctica: contribution of major sources. Journal of Geophysical Research 113, D10207.
Liu, W., Lu, J., Leung, L.R., Xie, S.P., Liu, Z., Zhu, J., 2015. The de-correlation of westerly winds and westerly-wind stress over the Southern Ocean during the Last Glacial Maximum. Climate Dynamics 45, 31573168.
Magaritz, M., Kaufman, A., Yaalon, D.H., 1981. Calcium carbonate nodules in soils: 18O/16O and 13C/12C ratios and 14C contents. Geoderma 5, 157172.
MARGO Project Members. 2009. Constraints on the magnitude and patterns of ocean cooling at the Last Glacial Maximum. Nature Geoscience Letters 2, 127132.
Mark, B.G., Seltzer, G., Rodbell, D.T., 2004. Late Quaternary glaciations of Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia. In: Ehlers, J., Gibard, P.L. (Eds.), Quaternary Glaciations—Extent and Chronology. Part 3. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 151163.
Markgraf, V., 1993. Paleoenvironments and paleoclimates in Tierra del Fuego and southermost Patagonia, South America. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 102, 5368.
Marsh, N.D., Ditlevsen, P.D., 1997. Observation of atmospheric and climate dynamics from a high resolution ice core record of a passive tracer over the last glaciation. Journal of Geophysical Research 102, 1121911224.
Martínez, O.A., Kutschker, A., 2011. The “Rodados Patagónicos” (Patagonian shingle formation) of eastern Patagonia: environmental conditions of gravel sedimentation. In: Palaeogeography and Palaeoclimatology of Patagonia: Implications for Biodiversity. Special issue, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society103, 336–345.
McCulloch, R.D., Bentley, M.J., Purves, R.S., Hulton, N.R.J., Sugden, D.E., Clapperton, C.M., 2000. Climatic inferences from glacial and palaeoecological evidence at the last glacial termination, southern South America. Journal of Quaternary Science 15, 409417.
Mercer, J.H., 1968. Variations of some Patagonian glaciers since the Late–Glacial. American Journal of Science 266, 91109.
Mercer, J.H., 1983. Cenozoic glaciation in the Southern Hemisphere. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Science 11, 99132.
Mercer, J.H., Laugénie, C.A., 1973. Glacier in Chile ended a major readvance about 36,000 years ago: some global comparisons. Science 182, 11171119.
Mercer, J.H., Sutter, F., 1982. Late Miocene-Earliest Pliocene glaciation in Southern Argentina. Implications for global ice-sheet history. Palaeogeography, Palaoeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 38, 185206.
Moon, H.P., 2008. III. The geology and physiography of the Altiplano of Peru and Bolivia. Transactions of the Linnean Society London. 3rd series, 6, 2743.
Moreno, P.I., Kaplan, M.R., François, J.P., Villa-Martínez, R., Moy, C.M., Stern, C.R., Kubik, P.W., 2009. Renewed glacial activity during the Antarctic cold reversal and persistence of cold conditions until 11.5 ka in southwestern Patagonia. Geology 937, 375378.
Murray, D.S., Carlson, A.E., Singer, B.S., Anslow, F.S., He, F., Caffee, M.W., Marcott, S.A., Liu, Z., Otto-Bliesner, B.N., 2012. Northern Hemisphere forcing of the last deglaciation in southern Patagonia. Geology 40, 631634.
Ochsenius, C., 1985. Pleniglacial desertization, large-animal mass extinction and Pleistocene–Holocene boundary in South America. Revista de Geografia Norte Grande 12, 3547.
Paez, M.M., Prieto, A.R., Mancini, M.V., 1999. Fossil pollen from Los Toldos locality: a record of the Late-glacial transition in the Extra-Andean Patagonia. Quaternary International 53–54, 6975.
Paskoff, R., 1967. Los cambios climaticos Plio-Cuaternarios en la franja costera de Chile semiarido. Boletin de la Asociacion de Geografos de Chile 1, 1113.
Pendall, E., Markgraf, V., White, J.W.C., Dreier, M., 2001. Multiproxy record of Late Pleistocene-Holocene climate changes from a peat bog in Patagonia. Quaternary Research 55, 168178.
Pérez-Alberti, A., Valcárcel-Diaz, M., Carrera-Gómez, P., Coronato, A., Rabassa, J., 2005. Late Pleistocene ice-wedge casts from Tierra del Fuego, Argentina. In: Second European Conference on Permafrost, Potsdam, Germany, June 12–16, 2005, abstracts 19–20.
Petit, J.R., Jouzel, J., Raynaud, D., Barkov, N.I., Barnola, J.M., Basile, I., Bender, M., et al., 1999. Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420,000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica. Nature 399, 429436.
Ponce, J.F., Rabassa, J., Coronato, A., Borromei, A.M., 2011. Palaeogeographical evolution of the Atlantic coast of Pampa and Patagonia from the last glacial maximum to the Middle Holocene. In: Palaeogeography and Palaeoclimatology of Patagonia: Implications for Biodiversity. Special issue, Biological Journal of the Linnaean Society 103, 363–379.
Quade, J., Chivas, A.R., McCulloch, M.T., 1995. Strontium and carbon isotope tracers and the origins of soil carbonate in South Australia and Victoria. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 113, 103117.
Rabassa, J., Coronato, A., Salemme, M., 2005. Chronology of the Late Cenozoic Patagonian glaciations and their correlation with biostratigraphic units of the Pampean region (Argentina). Journal of South America Earth Sciences 20, 81103.
Ramos, V.A., Cortes, J.M., 1993. Time constraints of the Andean deformation along the Central Andes of Argentina and Chile (32°–33°S Latitude). In: Second ISAG, Oxford, U.K., September 21–23, 1993, pp. 233–236.
Reader, I.M.C., Fung, I., McFarlane, N., 2012. The mineral dust aerosol cycle during the Last Glacial Maximum. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 104, 93819398.
Ribolini, A., Bini, M., Consoloni, I., Isola, I., Pappalardo, M., Zanchetta, G., Fucks, E., Panzeri, L., Martini, M., Terrasi, F., 2014. Late-Pleistocene wedge structures along the Patagonian coast (Argentina): chronological constraints and palaeo-environmental implications. Geografiska Annaler A 96, 161176.
Salomons, W., Mook, W.G., 1976. Isotope geochemistry of carbonate dissolution and reprecipitation in soils. Soil Science 122, 1524.
Sayago, J.M., 1995. The Argentine neotropical loess: an overview. Quaternary Science Reviews 14, 755766.
Sayago, J.M., Collantes, M.M., Karlson, A., Sanabria, J., 2001. Genesis and distribution of the Late Plelstocene and Holocene loess of Argentina: a regional approximation. Quaternary International 76–77, 247257.
Schwamborn, G., Fedorov, G., Ostanin, N., Schirrmeister, L., Andreev, A., El’gygytgyn Scientific Party. 2012. Depositional dynamics in the El’gygytgyn Crater margin: implications for the 3.6 Ma old sediment archive. Climate of the Past 8, 18971911.
Servant, M., Maley, J., Turcq, B., Absy, M.-L., Brenac, P., Ledru, M.-P., 1993. Tropical forest changes during the late quaternary in African and South American lowlands. Global and Planetary Change 7(1–3), 2540.
Shi, N., Dupont, L.M., Beug, H.-J., Schneider, R., 2000. Southeast trade wind variations during the last 135 kyr: evidence from pollen spectra in eastern South Atlantic sediments. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 187, 311321.
Stuut, J.-B.W., Hebbeln, D., 2007. Antarctic timing of climate in the South-American subtropics. Geophysical Research Abstracts 9, 10369.
Stuut, J.-B.W., Lamy, F., 2004. Climate variability at the southern boundaries of the Namib (southwestern Africa) and Atacama (northern Chile) coastal deserts during the last 120,000 yr. Quaternary Research 62, 301309.
Stuut, J.-B.W., Prins, M.A., Schneider, R.R., Weltje, G.J., Jansen, J.H.F., Postma, G., 2002. A 300-kyr record of aridity and wind strength in southwestern Africa: inferences from grain-size distributions of sediments on Walvis Ridge, SE Atlantic. Marine Geology 180, 221233.
Sugden, D.E., McCulloch, R.D., Bory, A.J.-M., Hei, A.S., 2009. Influence of Patagonian glaciers on Antarctic dust deposition during the last glacial period. Nature Geoscience 2, 281285.
Sylwan, C.A., 2001. Geology of the Golfo San Jorge Basin, Argentina. Journal of Iberian Geology 27, 123157.
Techer, I., Clauer, N., Vogt, T., 2014. Origin of calcareous dust in Argentinean Pleistocene periglacial deposits traced by Sr, C and O isotopic compositions, and REE distribution. Chemical Geology 380, 119132.
Thellier, C., Clauer, N., 1989. Strontium isotope evidence for soil-solution interactions during evaporation experiments. Chemical Geology, Isotope Geoscience Section 73, 299306.
Toggweiler, J.R., Russell, J.L., Carson, S.R., 2006. Shifted Westerlies, atmospheric CO2, and climate change during the ice ages. Paleoceanography 21, PA2005.
Tonni, E.P., Cione, A.L., Figini, A.J., 1999. Predominance of arid climates indicated by mammals in the pampas of Argentina during the Late Pleistocene and Holocene. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 147, 257281.
Tripaldi, A., Forman, S.L., 2007. Geomorphology and chronology of Late Quaternary dune fields of western Argentina. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 251, 300320.
Tripaldi, A., Forman, S.L., 2016. Eolian depositional phases during the past 50 ka and inferred climate variability for the Pampean Sand Sea, western Pampas, Argentina. Quaternary Science Reviews1 39, 7793.
Turk, J.K., Graham, R.C., 2011. Distribution and properties of vesicular horizons in the western United States. Soil Science Society of America Journal 75, 14491461.
Urien, C.M., Silva Martins, L.R., da Rosa Martins, I., 1993. Glaciomarine sediments from Southern Argentina continental shelf. Preliminary note. Pesquisas 20, 96100.
Violante, R.A., Parker, G., Cavallotto, J.L., 2001. Evolución de las llanuras costeras del este bonaerense entre la Bahía Samborombón y la laguna Mar Chiquita. Revista Asociación Geológica Argentina 56/1, 1–66.
Violante, R.A., Osterrieth, M.L., Borrelli, N., 2007. Evidences of subaerial exposure of the Argentine continental shelf during the Last Glacial Maximum. Quaternary International 167–168, 434.
Violante, R.A., Paterlini, C.M., Marcolini, S.I., Costa, I.P., Cavallotto, J.L., Laprida, C., Dragani, W., et al., 2014. The Argentine continental shelf: morphology, sediments, processes and evolution since the Last Glacial Maximum. Geological Society of London Memoirs 4, 5568.
Vogt, H., Vogt, T., Calmels, A.P., 2010. Influence of the post-Miocene tectonic activity on the geomorphology between Andes and Pampa Deprimida in the area of Provincia de La Pampa, Argentina. Geomorphology 121, 152166.
Vogt, T., 1977. Croûtes calcaires quaternaires de période froide en France méditerranéenne. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie 21, 2636.
Vogt, T., 1989. Croûtes calcaires d’origine cryogénique. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie, (Suppl.Bd) 75, 115135.
Vogt, T., 1990. Cryogenic physicochemical precipitations: iron, silica, calcium carbonate. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes 1, 283293.
Vogt, T., 1992. Western Anti-Atlas (Morocco) and Central Patagonia (Argentina) calcretes: the calcium carbonate origin. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie. Suppl.Bd 84, 115127.
Vogt, T., Corte, A.E., 1996. Secondary precipitates in Pleistocene and present cryogenic environments (Mendoza Precordillera, Argentina, Transbaikalia, Siberia, and Seymour Island, Antarctica). Sedimentology 43, 5364.
Vogt, T., del Valle, H., 1994. Calcretes and cryogenic structures in the area of Puerto Madryn. Geografiska Annaler A 76, 5775.
Vogt, T., Larqué, P., 1998. Transformations and neoformations of clay in the cryogenic environment: examples from Transbaikalia (Siberia) and Patagonia (Argentina). European Journal of Soil Science 49, 367376.
Walter, H.J., Hegner, E., Diekmann, B., Kuhn, G., Rutgers van der Loeff, M., 2000. Provenance and transport of terrigenous sediment in the South Atlantic Ocean and their relations to glacial and interglacial cycles: Nd and Sr isotopic evidence. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 64, 38133827.
Weber, M.E., Kuhn, G., Sprenk, D., Rolf, C., Ohlwein, C., Ricken, W., 2012. Dust transport from Patagonia to Antarctica—a new stratigraphic approach from the Scotia Sea and its implications for the last glacial cycle. Quaternary Science Reviews 36, 177186.
Weischet, W., 1996. Regionale Klimatologie. Teil 1, Die Neue Welt Amerika, Neuseeland, Australien. Teubner, Stuttgart.
Wenzens, G., 2002. The influence of tectonically derived relief and climate on the extent of the last Glaciation east of the Patagonian ice fields (Argentina, Chile). Tectonophysics 345, 329344.
Windhausen, A., 1924. Líneas generales de la constitución geológica de la región situada al oeste del Golfo San Jorge. Boletin Academia Nacional de Córdoba 27, 167–120.
Young, M.H., McDonald, E., Caldwell, T.G., Benner, S., Meadows, D.G., 2004. Hydraulic properties of a desert soil chronosequence in the Mojave Desert, USA. Vadose Zone Journal 3, 956963.
Zák, K., Urban, J., Cílek, V., Hercman, H., 2004. Cryogenic cave calcite from several Central European caves: age, carbon and oxygen isotopes and a genetic model. Chemical Geology 206/1-2, 119–136,
Zech, J., Wäger, P., Kull, C., Kubik, P., Veit, H., Zech, R., 2011. Glacier and climate reconstruction in the Las Leñas Valley (35°S), Central Argentina. In: XVIII INQUA Congress, “87 Pleistocene Glacial Chronologies and Paleoclimate Implications,” Bern, Switzerland, 2011, abstract 3412.
Zech, R., May, J.-H., Kull, C., Ilgner, J., Kubik, P.W., Veit, H., 2008. Timing of the late Quaternary glaciation in the Andes from 15 to 40° S. Journal of Quaternary Science 23, 635647.
Zech, R., Smith, J., Kaplan, M.R., 2009. Chronologies of the Last Glacial Maximum and its Termination in the Andes (~10–55°S) based on surface exposure dating. In, Past Climate Variability in South America and Surrounding Regions from the Last Glacial Maximum to the Holocene. Developments in Paleoenvironmental Research 14. Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands, pp. 6187.
Zech, R., Zech, J., Kull, C., Kubik, P., Veit, H., 2011. Early last glacial maximum in the southern Central Andes reveals northward shift of the westerlies at 39 ka. Climate of the Past 7, 4146.
Zinck, J.A., Sayago, J.M., 1999. Loess paleosol sequence of La Mesada in Tucuman province, northwest Argentina characterization and paleoenvironmental interpretation. Journal of South America Earth Science 12, 293310.
Zinck, J.A., Sayago, J.M., 2001. Climatic periodicity during the late Pleistocene from a loess-paleosol sequence in Northwest Argentina. Quaternary International 77, 1116.
Zolitschka, B., Anselmetti, F.S., Ariztegui, D., Corbella, H., Francus, P., Lücke, A., Maidana, N.I., Ohlendorf, C., Schäbitz, F., Wastegard, S., 2013. Environment and climate of the last 51,000 years—new insights from the Potrok Aike maar lake Sediment Archive Drilling project (PASADO). Quaternary Science Reviews 71, 112.


The glaciogenic origin of the Pleistocene calcareous dust in Argentina on the basis of field, mineralogical, textural, and geochemical analyses

  • Thea Vogt (a1), Norbert Clauer (a2) and Isabelle Techer (a3)


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed