Yan, Mengxiao Wan, Mingli He, Xuezhi Hou, Xudong and Wang, Jun 2016. First report of Cisuralian (early Permian) charcoal layers within a coal bed from Baode, North China with reference to global wildfire distribution. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, Vol. 459, p. 394.
Turcios, Maryory M. Jaramillo, Margarita M. A. do Vale, José F. Fearnside, Philip M. and Barbosa, Reinaldo Imbrozio 2016. Soil charcoal as long-term pyrogenic carbon storage in Amazonian seasonal forests. Global Change Biology, Vol. 22, Issue. 1, p. 190.
Adeney, J. Marion Christensen, Norman L. Vicentini, Alberto and Cohn-Haft, Mario 2016. White-sand Ecosystems in Amazonia. Biotropica, Vol. 48, Issue. 1, p. 7.
Bonal, Damien Burban, Benoit Stahl, Clément Wagner, Fabien and Hérault, Bruno 2016. The response of tropical rainforests to drought—lessons from recent research and future prospects. Annals of Forest Science, Vol. 73, Issue. 1, p. 27.
Borrero, Luis Alberto 2015. Moving: Hunter-gatherers and the cultural geography of South America. Quaternary International, Vol. 363, p. 126.
Piperno, Dolores R McMichael, Crystal and Bush, Mark B 2015. Amazonia and the Anthropocene: What was the spatial extent and intensity of human landscape modification in the Amazon Basin at the end of prehistory?. The Holocene, Vol. 25, Issue. 10, p. 1588.
Moreira, L.S. Moreira-Turcq, P. Kim, J.H. Turcq, B. Cordeiro, R.C. Caquineau, S. Mandengo-Yogo, M. and Sinninghe Damsté, J.S. 2014. A mineralogical and organic geochemical overview of the effects of Holocene changes in Amazon River flow on three floodplain lakes. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, Vol. 415, p. 152.
Downie, Adriana Lau, David Cowie, Annette and Munroe, Paul 2014. Approaches to greenhouse gas accounting methods for biomass carbon. Biomass and Bioenergy, Vol. 60, p. 18.
Cordeiro, Renato Campello Turcq, Bruno Moreira, Luciane Silva Rodrigues, Renato de Aragão Ribeiro Lamego Simões Filho, Francisco Fernando Martins, Gabriel Souza Santos, Alice Bosco Barbosa, Marcelo Guilles da Conceição, Marcela Cardoso Rodrigues, Rodrigo de Carvalho Evangelista, Heitor Moreira-Turcq, Patricia Penido, Yvaga Poty Sifeddine, Abdelfettah and Seoane, José Carlos Sícoli 2014. Palaeofires in Amazon: Interplay between land use change and palaeoclimatic events. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, Vol. 415, p. 137.
Korasaki, Vanesca Braga, Rodrigo F. Zanetti, Ronald Moreira, Fatima M. S. Vaz-de-Mello, Fernando Z. and Louzada, Julio 2013. Conservation value of alternative land-use systems for dung beetles in Amazon: valuing traditional farming practices. Biodiversity and Conservation, Vol. 22, Issue. 6-7, p. 1485.
Moreira, L.S. Moreira-Turcq, P. Cordeiro, R.C. Turcq, B. Caquineau, S. Viana, J.C.C. and Brandini, N. 2013. Holocene paleoenvironmental reconstruction in the Eastern Amazonian Basin: Comprido Lake. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, Vol. 44, p. 55.
Knicker, Heike González-Vila, Francisco J. and González-Vázquez, Rocio 2013. Biodegradability of organic matter in fire-affected mineral soils of Southern Spain. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, Vol. 56, p. 31.
Arroyo-Kalin, Manuel 2012. Slash-burn-and-churn: Landscape history and crop cultivation in pre-Columbian Amazonia. Quaternary International, Vol. 249, p. 4.
McMichael, C.H. Correa-Metrio, A. and Bush, M.B. 2012. Pre-Columbian fire regimes in lowland tropical rainforests of southeastern Peru. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, Vol. 342-343, p. 73.
Cumming, Graeme S. Southworth, Jane Rondon, Xanic J. and Marsik, Matthew 2012. Spatial complexity in fragmenting Amazonian rainforests: Do feedbacks from edge effects push forests towards an ecological threshold?. Ecological Complexity, Vol. 11, p. 67.
Knicker, H. Nikolova, R. Dick, D.P. and Dalmolin, R.S.D. 2012. Alteration of quality and stability of organic matter in grassland soils of Southern Brazil highlands after ceasing biannual burning. Geoderma, Vol. 181-182, p. 11.
Hilscher, André and Knicker, Heike 2011. Degradation of grass-derived pyrogenic organic material, transport of the residues within a soil column and distribution in soil organic matter fractions during a 28month microcosm experiment. Organic Geochemistry, Vol. 42, Issue. 1, p. 42.
Knicker, Heike 2011. Pyrogenic organic matter in soil: Its origin and occurrence, its chemistry and survival in soil environments. Quaternary International, Vol. 243, Issue. 2, p. 251.
The ubiquitous occurrence of charcoal in the forest soils of the Upper Rio Negro region of Colombia and Venezuela indicates the presence of frequent and widespread fires in the Amazon Basin, possibly associated with extremely dry periods or human disturbances. Charcoal ranged from 3.12 to 24.76 mg/cm3 in the upper 50 cm of soil and was more abundant in Oxisols and Ultisols than in other soil types. Charcoal dates range from 6260 yr B.P. to the present. Several dates coincide with dry phases recorded during the Holocene. Ceramic shards were found at several sites, and thermoluminescence analysis indicates that their ages range from 3750 to 460 yr B.P. The age of charcoal and shards confirms that this region has been subjected to fire and human disturbances during the past 6000 yr.
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