Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

A late Holocene molecular hydrogen isotope record of the East Asian Summer Monsoon in Southwest Japan

  • Els E. van Soelen (a1), Naohiko Ohkouchi (a2), Hisami Suga (a2), Jaap S. Sinninghe Damsté (a1) (a3) and Gert-Jan Reichart (a1) (a4)...
Abstract

Precipitation in Japan is strongly affected by the East Asian monsoon system, resulting in wet summer conditions and relatively dry winter conditions. Few paleo-monsoon records exist from northeastern Asia, especially records showing decadal- to centennial-scale variability. Here we present a molecular hydrogen isotope (δD) record from Lake Kaiike, a small coastal lake in southwest Japan, to provide insight into monsoonal precipitation over the past two millennia. The δD record of friedelin, a terrestrial higher plant lipid, reveals three major shifts in precipitation: a decline from >-185‰ to <-190‰ at 1700 cal yr BP suggests a change to wetter conditions; values between -187.5‰ and -180‰ from 1480 to 800 cal yr BP indicate reduced precipitation; and a decline to below -195‰ after 800 cal yr BP reflects moist conditions during the Little Ice Age. These results highlight variability in the intensity of the East Asian Summer Monsoon occurring on decadal to centennial time scales. El Niño-like conditions are likely responsible for periods of high monsoon intensity, but comparison with other records in the region (northeast China and Japan) shows that contradicting patterns also exist, and so explaining these rainfall patterns is not straightforward.

Copyright
Corresponding author
* Corresponding author. Present address: Department of Geosciences, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1047 Blindern, 0316, Oslo, Norway. E-mail addresses: evansoelen@gmail.com, e.e.v.soelen@geo.uio.no (E.E. van Soelen)
References
Hide All
Adhikari, D.P., Kumon, F., Kawajiri, K., 2002. Holocene climate variability as deduced from the organic carbon and diatom records in the sediments of Lake Aoki, central Japan. The Journal of the Geological Society of Japan 108, 249265.
Aizen, E.M., Aizen, V.B., Melack, J.M., Nakamura, T., Ohta, T., 2001. Precipitation and atmospheric circulation patterns at mid-latitudes of Asia. International Journal of Climatology 21, 535556. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/joc.626.
Alam, M., Sansing, T.B., Busby, E.L., Martiniz, D.R., Ray, S.M., 1979. Dinoflagellate sterols I: sterol composition of the dinoflagellates of Gonyaulax species. Steroids 33, 197203.
Bi, X., Sheng, G., Liu, X., Li, C., Fu, J., 2005. Molecular and carbon and hydrogen isotopic composition of n-alkanes in plant leaf waxes. Organic Geochemistry 36, 14051417. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.orggeochem.2005.06.001.
Boon, J.J., Rijpstra, W.I.C., de Lange, F., de Leeuw, J.W., Yoshioka, M., Shimizu, Y., 1979. Black Sea sterol-a molecular fossil for dinoflagellate blooms. Nature 277, 125127.
Chandler, R.F., Hooper, S.N., 1979. Friedelin and associated triterpenoids. Phytochemistry 18, 711724.
Chang, C.-P., Zhang, Y., Li, T., 2000. Interannual and interdecadal variations of the East Asian summer monsoon and tropical Pacific SSTs. Part I: roles of the subtropical ridge. Journal of Climate 13, 43104325.
Chen, F., Huang, X., Zhang, J., Holmes, J.A., Chen, J., 2006. Humid Little Ice Age in arid central Asia documented by Bosten Lake, Xinjiang, China. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences 49, 12801290.
Chikaraishi, Y., Kaneko, M., Ohkouchi, N., 2012. Stable hydrogen and carbon isotopic compositions of long-chain (C21 —C33) n-alkanes and n-alkenes in insects. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 95, 5362.
Dansgaard, W., 1964. Stable isotopes in precipitation. Tellus 16, 436468.
Eglinton, G., Hamilton, R.J., 1967. Leaf epicuticular waxes. Science 156, 13221335.
Elsner, J.B., Liu, K.B., 2003. Examining the ENSO-typhoon hypothesis. Climate Research 25, 4354.
Gong, D.-Y., Ho, C.-H., 2003. Arctic oscillation signals in the East Asian summer monsoon. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 108, 4066.
Hong, Y.T., Hong, B., Lin, Q.H., Shibata, Y., Hirota, M., Zhu, Y.X., Leng, X.T., Wang, Y., Wang, H., Yi, L., 2005. Inverse phase oscillations between the East Asian and Indian Ocean summer monsoons during the last 12 000 years and paleo-El Niño. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 231, 337346.
Hong, Y.T., Wang, Z.G., Jiang, H.B., Lin, Q.H., Hong, B., Zhu, Y.X., Wang, Y., Xu, L.S., Leng, X.T., Li, H.D., 2001. A 6000-year record of changes in drought and precipitation in northeastern China based on a δ13C time series from peat cellulose. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 185, 111119.
Hou, J., D’Andrea, W.J., MacDonald, D., Huang, Y., 2007. Hydrogen isotopic variability in leaf waxes among terrestrial and aquatic plants around Blood Pond, Massachusetts (USA). Organic Geochemistry 38, 977984.
IAEA/WMO, 2016. Global Network of Isotopes in Precipitation. The GNIP Database. Accessible at: http://www.iaea.org/water.
Kotani, T., Ozaki, M., Matsuoka, K., Snell, T.W., Hagiwara, A., 2001. Reproductive isolation among geographically and temporally isolated marine Brachionus strains. Hydrobiologia 446-447, 283290.
Lau, K.-M., Li, M.-T., 1984. The monsoon of East Asia and its global associations - a survey. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 65, 114125.
Lawrimore, J.H., Menne, M.J., Gleason, B.E., Williams, C.N., Wuertz, D.B., Vose, R.S., Rennie, J., 2011. An overview of the Global Historical Climatology Network monthly mean temperature data set, version 3. Journal of Geophysical Research 116, D19121. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2011JD016187.
Lim, J., Matsumoto, E., Kitagawa, H., 2005. Eolian quartz flux variations in Cheju Island, Korea, during the last 6500 yr and a possible Sunemonsoon linkage. Quaternary Research 64, 1220.
Liu, W., Yang, H., 2008. Multiple controls for the variability of hydrogen isotopic compositions in higher plant n-alkanes from modern ecosystems. Global Change Biology 14, 21662177.
Liu, W., Yang, H., Li, L., 2006. Hydrogen isotopic compositions of n-alkanes from terrestrial plants correlate with their ecological life forms. Oecologia 150, 330338.
Lopez, J.F., de Oteyza, T.G., Teixidor, P., Grimalt, J.O., 2005. Long chain alkenones in hypersaline and marine coastal microbial mats. Organic Geochemistry 36, 861872.
Mann, M.E., Zhang, Z., Rutherford, S., Bradley, R.S., Hughes, M.K., Shindell, D., Ammann, C., Faluvegi, G., Ni, F., 2009. Global signatures and dynamical origins of the Little Ice Age and Medieval Climate Anomaly. Science 326, 12561260.
Marlowe, I.T., Brassell, S.C., Eglinton, G., Green, J.C., 1990. Long-chain alkenones and alkyl alkenoates and the fossil coccolith record of marine sediments. Chemical Geology 88, 349375.
Marlowe, I.T., Green, J.C., Neal, A.C., Brassell, S.C., Eglinton, G., Course, P.A., 1984. Long chain (n-C37—C39) alkenones in the Prymnesiophyceae. Distribution of alkenones and other lipids and their taxonomic significance. British Phycological Journal 19, 203216.
Matsuyama, M., 1977. Limnological features of Lake Kaiike, a small coastal lake on Kamikoshiki Island, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. Japanese Journal of Limnology 38, 918.
Nagaoka, S., Yokoyama, Y., Nakada, M., Maeda, Y., 1996. Holocene sea-level change in the Goto Islands, Japan. Geographical Reports of Tokyo Metropolitan University 31, 1118.
Nakajima, Y., Okada, H., Oguri, K., Suga, H., Kitazato, H., Koizumi, Y., Fukui, M., Ohkouchi, N., 2003. Distribution of chloropigments in suspended particulate matter and benthic microbial mat of a meromictic lake, Lake Kaiike, Japan. Environmental Microbiology 5, 11031110.
Rontani, J.-F., Beker, B., Volkman, J.K., 2004. Long-chain alkenones and related compounds in the benthic haptophyte Chrysotila lamellosa Anand HAP 17. Phytochemistry 65, 117126.
Rozanski, Kazimer, Froehlich, Klaus, Mook, Willem G., 2001. Environmental Isotopes in the Hydrological Cycle: Principals and Applications. In: Technical Documents in Hydrology. IAEA and UNESCO, Paris.
Sachse, D., Billault, I., Bowen, G.J., Chikaraishi, Y., Dawson, T.E., Feakins, S.J., Freeman, K.H., Magill, C.R., McInerney, F.A., van der Meer, M.T.J., Polissar, P., Robins, R.J., Sachs, J.P., Schmidt, H.-L., Sessions, A.L., White, J.W.C., West, J.B., Kahmen, A., 2012. Molecular paleohydrology: interpreting the hydrogen-isotopic composition of lipid biomarkers from photosynthesizing organisms. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 40, 221249.
Sachse, D., Radke, J., Gleixner, G., 2006. dD values of individual n-alkanes from terrestrial plants along a climatic gradient — implications for the sedimentary biomarker record. Organic Geochemistry 37, 469483.
Sachse, D., Radke, J., Gleixner, G., 2004. Hydrogen isotope ratios of recent lacustrine sedimentary n-alkanes record modern climate variability. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 68, 48774889.
Sainsbury, M., 1970. Friedelin and epifriedelinol from the bark of Prunus turfosa and a review of their natural distribution. Phytochemistry 9, 22092215.
Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., Kenig, F., Koopmans, M.P., Koster, J., Schouten, S., Hayes, J.M., de Leeuw, J.W., 1995. Evidence for gammacerane as an indicator of water column stratification. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 59, 18951900
Stuiver, M., Reimer, P.J., Reimer, R., 2015. Calib Radiocarbon Calibration.
Takishita, K., Chikaraishi, Y., Leger, M.M., Kim, E., Yabuki, A., Ohkouchi, N., Roger, A.J., 2012. Lateral transfer of tetrahymanol-synthesizing genes has allowed multiple diverse eukaryote lineages to independently adapt to environments without oxygen. Biology Direct 7, 5.
Volkman, J.K., 2005. Sterols and other triterpenoids: source specificity and evolution of biosynthetic pathways. Organic Geochemistry 36, 139159
Volkman, J.K., Barrett, S.M., Dunstan, G.A., Jeffrey, S.W., 1993. Geochemical significance of the occurrence of dinosterol and other 4-methyl sterols in a marine diatom. Organic Geochemistry 20, 715.
Volkman, J.K., Eglinton, G., Corner, E.D.S., Forsberg, T.E.V., 1980. Long-chain alkenes and alkenones in the marine coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi . Phytochem-istry 19, 26192622.
Wang, B., Chan, J.C.L., 2002. How strong ENSO events affect tropical storm activity over the western North Pacific. Journal of Climate 15, 16431658
Wang, B., Lin, H., 2002. Rainy season of the Asian—Pacific summer monsoon. Journal of Climate 15, 386398.
Wang, B., Wu, R., Fu, X., 2000. Pacific—East Asian teleconnection: how does ENSO affect East Asian climate? Journal of Climate 13, 15171536
Wang, Y.J., Cheng, H., Edwards, R.L., An, Z.S., Wu, J.Y., Shen, C-C., Dorale, J.A., 2001. A high-resolution absolute-dated late Pleistocene monsoon record from Hulu Cave, China. Science 294, 23452348.
Wen, R., Xiao, J., Chang, Z., Zhai, D., Xu, Q., Li, Y., Itoh, S., 2010. Holocene precipitation and temperature variations in the East Asian monsoonal margin from pollen data from Hulun Lake in northeastern Inner Mongolia, China. Boreas 39, 262272.
Woodruff, J.D., Donnelly, J.P., Okusu, A., 2009. Exploring typhoon variability over the mid-to-late Holocene: evidence of extreme coastal flooding from Kamikoshiki, Japan. Quaternary Science Reviews, Quaternary Ice Sheet-Ocean Interactions and Landscape Responses 28, 17741785
Wu, R., Wang, B., 2002. A contrast of the East Asian summer monsoon—ENSO relationship between 1962-77 and 1978-93. Journal of Climate 15, 32663279.
Yamada, K., Kamite, M., Saito-Kato, M., Okuno, M., Shinozuka, Y., Yasuda, Y., 2010. Late Holocene monsoonal-climate change inferred from Lakes Ni-no-Megata and San-no-Megata, northeastern Japan. Quaternary International, Climate Dynamics and Prehistoric Occupation: Eurasian Perspectives on Environmental Archaeology 220, 122132.
Yamaguchi, K.E., Oguri, K., Ogawa, N.O., Sakai, S., Hirano, S., Kitazato, H., Ohkouchi, N., 2010. Geochemistry of modern carbonaceous sediments overlain by a water mass showing photic zone anoxia in the saline meromictic Lake Kai-ike, southwest Japan: I. Early diagenesis of organic carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 294, 7282.
Yanai, M., Li, C., Song, Z., 1992. Seasonal heating of the Tibetan Plateau and its effects on the evolution of the Asian summer monsoon. Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan 70, 319351.
Yihui, D., Chan, J.C.L., 2005. The East Asian summer monsoon: an overview. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics 89, 117142.
Yokoyama, Y., Nakada, M., Maeda, Y., Nagaoka, S., Okuno, J., Matsumoto, E., Sato, H., Matsushima, Y., 1996. Holocene sea-level change and hydro-isostasy along the west coast of Kyushu, Japan. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 123, 2947.
Yokoyama, Y., Naruse, T., Ogawa, N.O., Tada, R., Kitazato, H., Ohkouchi, N., 2006. Dust influx reconstruction during the last 26,000 years inferred from a sedimentary leaf wax record from the Japan Sea. Global and Planetary Change 54, 239250.
Zink, K.-G., Leythaeuser, D., Melkonian, M., Schwark, L., 2001. Temperature dependency of long-chain alkenone distributions in recent to fossil limnic sediments and in lake waters. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 65, 253265.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Quaternary Research
  • ISSN: 0033-5894
  • EISSN: 1096-0287
  • URL: /core/journals/quaternary-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed