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Map of Vegetation during the Last Glacial Maximum in Japan

  • Matsuo Tsukada (a1)
Abstract

A vegetation map reconstructed for the Japanese Archipelago (based upon pollen data from 28 sites and plant macrofossil data from 33 sites) at the time of last glacial maximum shows that coniferous forests covered extensive areas of the land. Boreal conifer forests (dominated by the Picea jezoensis complex, P. glehnii, Abies sachalinensis, A. mariesii, Tsuga diversifolia, and Pinus with Larix gmelinii, though the latter species was confined only to the northern part of northeastern Honshu and Hokkaido) occupied the modern cool-temperature deciduous broadleaf and mid-temperate conifer forest zones, and temperate coniferous forests (mainly Picea maximowiczii, P. polita, P. bicolor, P. koyamai, Abies firma, A. homolepis, Tsuga sieboldii, and Pinus), the present warm-temperate evergreen (laurilignosa) forest zone. Small populations of various broadleaf forest species were scattered in the full-glacial temperate conifer forest mainly along the coastal belt, and the true laurilignosa forest was limited in distribution, occurring only in the paleo-Yaku Peninsula.

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Y. Igarashi S. Kumano 1981 Vegetational changes during the last glacial age in Hokkaido Daiyonki-Kenkyu Quaternary Research 20 129141

S. I'ida 1973 Pollen analytical study of late-Pleistocene deposits at the western foot of Mt. Yatsugatake in Nagano Prefecture, central Japan Daiyonki-Kenkyu Quaternary Research 12 110

J.M. Moran 1973 The late-glacial retreat of “Arctic” air as suggested by onset of Picea decline Professional Geographer 25 373376

Quaternary Flora Research Group 1974 The geohistorical succession of the climatic change during the Würm glacial age in Japan (preliminary report) Daiyonki-Kenkyu Quaternary Research 12 161175

M. Tsukada 1982a Cryptomeria japonica: Glacial refugia, and late-glacial and postglacial migration Ecology 63 10911105

M. Tsukada 1982b Late-Quaternary shift of Fagus distribution Botanical Magazine, Tokyo 95 203217

M. Tsukada 1983b Late-Quaternary spruce decline and rise in Japan and Sakhalin Botanical Magazine, Tokyo 96 127133

T. Yoshida S. Ito M. Shirase T. Horiguchi K. Manabe K. Suzuki S. Takeuchi T. Nonaka Y. Nirei N. Nirei 1981 Quaternary strata and plant fossil assemblages in the central Abukuma Mountains, with special reference to changes of vegetation in the southern Tohoku district during the last glacial age Daiyonki-Kenkyu Quaternary Research 20 143163

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Quaternary Research
  • ISSN: 0033-5894
  • EISSN: 1096-0287
  • URL: /core/journals/quaternary-research
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