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On the Possible Utilization of Camelops by Early Man in North America1

  • Gary Haynes (a1) and Dennis Stanford (a1)

Camelops was a major faunal element in late Wisconsin biotic communities over much of North America. Interpretations of possible human association with Camelops are often based on poorly evaluated evidence. Ideal standards for acceptable evidence are compared here to the actual evidence that has been advanced. Of 25 fossil assemblages examined, 2 might be examples only of geological contemporaneity of humans and Camelops; 2 might indicate behavioral association of humans and Camelops bones; and 2 might indicate actual human utilization of Camelops (killing and/or butchering). Camelops bones interpreted as artifacts are similar to modern specimens affected by noncultural processes.

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Presented at the symposium “Taphonomic Analysis and Interpretation in North American Pleistocene Archaeology” held in Fairbanks, Alaska, April 1982.

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

A.K. Behrensmeyer (1978). Taphonomic and ecologic information from bone weathering Paleobiology 4 150 162

L. Binford (1981). Bones: Ancient Men and Modern Myths Academic Press New York

A.D. Graham R.M. Laws (1971). The collection of found ivory in Murchison Falls National Park, Uganda East Africa Wildlife Journal 9 57 65

E. Haury (1960). Association of fossil fauna and artifacts of the Sulphur Spring stage, Cochise culture American Antiquity 25 609 610

G. Haynes (1982). Utilization and skeletal disturbances of North American prey carcasses Arctic 35 266 281

G. Haynes (1983a). A guide for differentiating mammalian carnivore taxa responsible for gnaw damage to herbivore limb bones Paleobiology 9 164 172

G. Haynes (1983b). Frequencies of spiral and greenbone fractures on ungulate limb bones in modern surface assemblages American Antiquity 48 102 114

J.M. Warnica (1966). New discoveries at the Clovis site American Antiquity 31 345 357

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Quaternary Research
  • ISSN: 0033-5894
  • EISSN: 1096-0287
  • URL: /core/journals/quaternary-research
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