Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Reconstruction of Prehistoric Landfall Frequencies of Catastrophic Hurricanes in Northwestern Florida from Lake Sediment Records

  • Kam-biu Liu (a1) and Miriam L. Fearn (a2)
Abstract

Sediment cores from Western Lake provide a 7000-yr record of coastal environmental changes and catastrophic hurricane landfalls along the Gulf Coast of the Florida Panhandle. Using Hurricane Opal as a modern analog, we infer that overwash sand layers occurring near the center of the lake were caused by catastrophic hurricanes of category 4 or 5 intensity. Few catastrophic hurricanes struck the Western Lake area during two quiescent periods 3400–5000 and 0–1000 14C yr B.P. The landfall probabilities increased dramatically to ca. 0.5% per yr during an “hyperactive” period from 1000–3400 14C yr B.P., especially in the first millennium A.D. The millennial-scale variability in catastrophic hurricane landfalls along the Gulf Coast is probably controlled by shifts in the position of the jet stream and the Bermuda High.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

M.D. Blum , R.S. Toomey III, S. Valastro Jr. (1994). Fluvial response to Late Quaternary climatic and environmental change, Edwards Plateau, Texas. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 108, 121.

W.E. Dean , T.S. Ahlbrant , R.Y. Anderson , J.P. Bradbury (1996). Regional aridity in North America during the middle Holocene. The Holocene, 6, 145155.

T.R. Dwyer , H.T. Mullins , S.C. Good (1996). Paleoclimatic implications of Holocene lake-level fluctuations, Owasco Lake, New York. Geology, 24, 519522.

S.L. Forman , R. Oglesby , V. Markgraf , T. Stafford (1995). Paleoclimatic significance of Late Quaternary eolian deposition on the Piedmont and High Plains, Central United States. Global and Planetary Change, 11, 3555.

W.M. Gray (1990). Strong association between West African rainfall and U.S. landfall of intense hurricanes. Science, 249, 12511256.

S.A. Hall (1990). Channel trenching and climatic change in the southern U.S. Great Plains. Geology, 18, 342345.

J.C. Knox (1993). Large increases in flood magnitude in response to modest changes in climate. Nature, 361, 430432.

C.W. Landsea , N. Nicholls , W.M. Gray , L.A. Avila (1996). Downward trends in the frequency of intense Atlantic hurricanes during the past five decades. Geophysical Research Letters, 23, 16971700.

D.S. Leigh , T.P. Feeney (1995). Paleochannels indicating wet climate and lack of response to lower sea level, southeast Georgia. Geology, 23, 687690.

K-b. Liu (1990). Holocene paleoecology of the boreal forest and Great Lakes-St. Lawrence forest in northern Ontario. Ecological Monographs, 60, 179212.

K-b. Liu , M.L. Fearn (1993). Lake-sediment record of late Holocene hurricane activities from coastal Alabama. Geology, 21, 793796.

R.F. Madole (1994). Stratigraphic evidence of desertification in the west-central Great Plains within the past 1000 yr. Geology, 22, 483486.

A. Michaels , D. Malmquist , A. Knap , A. Close (1997). Climate science and insurance risk. Nature, 389, 225227.

R.A. Morton (1976). Effects of Hurricane Eloise on beach and coastal structures, Florida Panhandle. Geology, 4, 277280.

J.T. Overpeck (1996). Warm climate surprises. Science, 271, 18201821.

P.C. Patten , D.S. Dibble (1982). Archeologic and geomorphic evidence for the paleohydrologic record of the Pecos River in west Texas. American Journal of Science, 282, 97121.

W.F. Tanner (1992). Late Holocene sea-level changes from grain-size data: Evidence from the Gulf of Mexico. The Holocene, 2, 249254.

R.S. Toomey III, M.D. Blum , S. Valastro Jr.(1993). Late Quaternary climates and environments of the Edwards Plateau, Texas. Global and Planetary Change, 7, 299320.

O. Van de Plassche , K. van der Borg , A.F.M. de Jong (1998). Sea level-climate correlation during the past 1400 yr. Geology, 26, 319322.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Quaternary Research
  • ISSN: 0033-5894
  • EISSN: 1096-0287
  • URL: /core/journals/quaternary-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 253 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 20th January 2017 - 21st September 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.