Skip to main content Accessibility help

Reinterpretation of the Burmester Core, Bonneville Basin, Utah

  • Charles G. Oviatt (a1), Robert S. Thompson (a2), Darrell S. Kaufman (a3), Jordon Bright (a3) and Richard M. Forester (a2)...

Initial interpretation of the sediments from the Burmester core (Eardley et al. (1973). Geological Society of America Bulletin 84, 211–216) indicated that 17 deep-lake cycles, separated by shallow-lake and soil-forming intervals, occurred in the Bonneville basin during the Brunhes Chron (the last 780 × 103 yr). Our re-examination of the core, along with new sedimentological, geochronological, and paleontological data, indicate that only four deep-lake cycles occurred during this period, apparently correlative with marine oxygen-isotope stages 2, 6, 12, and 16. This interpretation suggests that large lakes formed in the Bonneville basin only during the most extensive of the Northern Hemisphere glaciations.

Hide All
Aber, J.S. (1991). The glaciation of northeastern Kansas. Boreas. 20, 297314.
Eardley, A.J., Shuey, R.T., Gvosdetsky, V., Nash, W.P., Picard, M.D., Grey, D.C., Kukla, G.J. (1973). Lake cycles in the Bonneville basin, Utah. Geological Society of America Bulletin. 84, 211216.
Forester, R.M., Colman, S.M., Reynolds, R.L., Keigwin, L.D. (1994). Lake Michigan's late Quaternary limnological and climate history from ostracodes, oxygen isotopes, and magnetic susceptibility. Journal of Great Lakes Research. 20, 93107.
Gansecki, C.A., Mahood, G.A., McWilliams, M. (1998). New ages for the climatic eruptions at Yellowstone: Single-crystal 40Ar/39Ar dating identifies contamination. Geology. 26, 343346.
Imbrie, J., Hays, J.D., Martinson, D.G., McIntyre, A., Mix, A.C., Morley, J.J., Pisias, N.G., Prell, W.L., Shackleton, N.J. (1984). The orbital theory of Pleistocene climate: Support from a revised chronology of the marine δ18O record. Berger, L. Milankovitch and Climate, Part 1. Reidel, Norwell., 269305.
Izett, G. A and Wilcox, R. E.(1982). Map Showing Localities and Inferred Distributions of the Huckleberry Ridge. Meas Falls, and Lava Creek Ash Beds (Pearlette Family Ash Beds) of Pliocene and Pleistocene Age in the Western United States and Southern Canada. U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-1325, scale 1:4,000,000.
Izett, G.A., Pierce, K.L., Naeser, N.D., Jaworowski, C. (1992). Isotopic dating of Lava Creek B tephra in terrace deposits along the Wind River, Wyoming—Implications for post 0.6 Ma uplift of the Yellowstone hotspot. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. 24, A102.
Kaufman, D.S., Manley, W.F. (1998). A new procedure for determining enantiomeric (D/L) amino acid ratios in fossils using reverse phase liquid chromatography. Quaternary Science Reviews (Quaternary Geochronology). 17, 9871000.
McCoy, W. D. (1981). Quaternary Aminostratigraphy of the Bonneville and Lahontan Basins, Western U. A, with Paleoclimatic Implications. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Colorado.
McCoy, W.D. (1987). Quaternary aminostratigraphy of the Bonneville basin, western United States. Geological Society of America Bulletin. 98, 99112.
Mitterer, R.M., Kriausakul, N. (1989). Calculation of amino acid racemization ages based upon apparent parabolic kinetics. Quaternary Science Reviews. 8, 853857.
Morrison, R.B. (1991). Quaternary stratigraphic, hydrologic, and climatic history of the Great Basin, with emphasis on Lakes Lahontan, Bonneville, and Tecopa. Morrison, R.B. Quaternary Nonglacial Geology: Conterminous U.S., “The Geology of North America, Vol. K-2. Geological Society of America, Boulder., 283320.
Oviatt, C.G., Currey, D.R., Sack, D. (1992). Radiocarbon chronology of Lake Bonneville, eastern Great Basin, USA. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 99, 225241.
Oviatt, C.G., McCoy, W.D., Reider, R.G. (1987). Evidence for a shallow early or middle Wisconsin lake in the Bonneville basin Utah. Quaternary Research. 27, 248262.
Oviatt, C.G., Miller, D.M. (1997). New explorations along the northern shores of Lake Bonneville. Link, P.K., Kowallis, B.J. Mesozoic to Recent Geology of Utah. 345371.
Scott, W.E., McCoy, W.D., Shroba, R.R., Rubin, M. (1983). Reinterpretation of the exposed record of the last two cycles of Lake Bonneville, western United States. Quaternary Research. 20, 261285.
Spielhagen, R.F., Bonani, G., Eisenhaur, A., Frank, M., Frederichs, T., Kassens, H., Kubik, P.W., Mangini, A., Nørgaard-Pedersen, N., Schäper, S., Stein, R., Thiede, J., Tiedemann, R., Wahsner, M. (1997). Arctic Ocean evidence for late Quaternary initiation of northern Eurasian ice sheets. Geology. 25, 783786.
Thompson, R.S., Whitlock, C., Bartlein, P.J., Harrison, S.P., Spaulding, W.G. (1993). Climatic changes in the western United States since 18,000 yr B.P. Wright, H.E. Jr., Kutzbach, J.E., Webb, T. III, Ruddiman, W.F., Street-Perrott, F.A., Bartlein, P.J. Global Climates since the Last Glacial Maximum. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis., 468513.
Williams, S.K. (1994). Late Cenozoic tephrochronology of deep sediment cores from the Bonneville basin, northwest Utah. Geological Society of America Bulletin. 105, 15171530.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Quaternary Research
  • ISSN: 0033-5894
  • EISSN: 1096-0287
  • URL: /core/journals/quaternary-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed