Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

U-Series Chronology of Lacustrine Deposits in Death Valley, California

  • Teh-Lung Ku (a1), Shangde Luo (a1), Tim K. Lowenstein (a2), Jianren Li (a2) and Ronald J. Spencer (a3)...
Abstract

Uranium-series dating on a 186-m core (DV93-1) drilled from Badwater Basin in Death Valley, California, and on calcareous tufas from nearby strandlines shows that Lake Manly, the lake that periodically flooded Death Valley during the late Pleistocene, experienced large fluctuations in depth and chemistry over the last 200,000 yr. Death Valley has been occupied by a long-standing deep lake, perennial shallow saline lakes, and a desiccated salt pan similar to the modern valley floor. The average sedimentation rate of about 1 mm/yr for core DV93-1 was punctuated by episodes of more-rapid accumulation of halite. Arid conditions similar to the modern conditions prevailed during the entire Holocene and between 120,000 and 60,000 yr B.P. From 35,000 yr B.P. to the beginning of the Holocene, a perennial saline lake existed, over 70 m at its deepest. A much deeper and longer lasting perennial Lake Manly existed from about 185,000 to 128,000 yr B.P., with water depths reaching about 175 m, if not 330 m. This lake had two significant “dry” excursions of 102–103yr duration about 166,000 and 146,000 yr B.P., and it began to shrink to the point of halite precipitation between 128,000 and 120,000 yr B.P. The two perennial lake periods correspond to marine oxygen isotopic stages (OIS) 2 and 6. Based on the shoreline tufa ages, we do not rule out the possible existence ∼200,000 yr ago of yet a third perennial lake comparable in size to the OIS 6 lake. The234U/238U data suggest that U in tufa owes its origin mainly to Ca-rich springs fed by groundwater that emanated along lake shorelines in southern Death Valley, and that an increase of this spring-water input relative to the river-water input apparently occurred during OIS 6.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

L. Benson , D.R. Currey , R.L. Dorn , K.R. Lajoie , C.G. Oviatt , S.W. Robinson , G.I. Smith , and S. Stine (1990). Chronology of expansion and contraction of four Great Basin lake systems during the past 35,000 years. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 78, 241286.

L.V. Benson , J.W. Burdett , M. Kashgarian , S.P. Lund , F.M. Phillips , and R.O. Rye (1996). Climatic and hydrologic oscillations in the Owens Lake Basin and adjacent Sierra Nevada, California. Science 274, 746749.

L.V. Benson , and F.L. Paillet (1989). The use of total lake-surface area as an indicator of climatic change: Examples from the Lahontan Basin. Quaternary Research 32, 262275.

J.L. Bischoff , and J.A. Fitzpatrick (1991). U-series dating of impure carbonates: An isochron technique using total sample dissolution. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 55, 543554.

J.L. Bischoff , R.J. Rosenbauer , and G.I. Smith (1985). Uranium-series dating of sediments from Searles Lake: Differences between continental and marine records. Science 227, 12221224.

E. Blackwelder (1933). Lake Manly, an extinct lake of Death Valley. Geographic Review 23, 464471.

Science 241, (1988). 10431052.

T.J. Crowley (1994). Potential reconciliation of Devils Hole and deep-sea Pleistocene. Paleoceanography 9, 15.

W. Dansgaard (1964). Stable isotopes in precipitation. Tellus 16, 436468.

B. de Voogd , L. Serpa , L. Brown , E. Hauser , S. Kaufman , J. Oliver , B.W. Troxel , J. Willemin , and L.A. Wright (1986). Death Valley bright spot: A midcrustal magma body in the southern Great Basin, California?. Geology 14, 6467.

R.LeB. Hooke (1972). Geomorphic evidence for late-Wisconsin and Holocene tectonic deformation, Death Valley, California. Geological Society of America Bulletin 83, 20732098.

R.LeB. Hooke , and R.I. Dorn (1992). Segmentation of alluvial fans in Death Valley, California: New insights from surface exposure dating and laboratory modelling. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 17, 557574.

N.O. Jannik , F.M. Phillips , G.I. Smith , and D. Elmore (1991). A36 . Geological Society of America Bulletin 103, 11461159.

J. Jouzel , N.I. Barkov , J.M. Barnola , M. Bender , J. Chappellaz , C. Genthon , V.M. Kotlyakov , V. Lipenkov , C. Lorius , J.R. Petit , D. Raynaud , G. Raisbeck , C. Ritz , T. Sowers , M. Stievenard , F. Yiou , and P. Yiou (1993). Extending the Vostok ice-core record of paleoclimate to the penultimate glacial period. Nature 364, 407412.

T.L. Ku (1976). The uranium-series methods of age determination. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 4, 347374.

J.E. Kutzbach , and H.E. Wright (1985). Simulation of the climate of 18,000 yr BP: Results for the North American/North Atlantic/European sector and comparison with the geologic record. Quaternary Science Review 4, 147187.

J. Li , T.K. Lowenstein , C.B. Brown , T.L. Ku , and S. Luo (1996). A 100 kyr record of water tables and paleoclimates from salt cores, Death Valley, California. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 123, 179203.

J. Li , T.K. Lowenstein , and I.R. Blackburn (1997). Responses of evaporite mineralogy to inflow water sources and climate during the past 100 k.y. in Death Valley, California. Geological Society of America Bulletin 109, 13611371.

T.K. Lowenstein , and L.A. Hardie (1985). Criteria for the recognition of salt-pan evaporites. Sedimentology 32, 627644.

K.R. Ludwig , and D.M. Titterington (1994). Calculation of 230Th/U isochrons, ages, errors. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 58, 50315042.

S. Luo , and T.L. Ku (1991). U-series isochron dating: A generalized method employing total-sample dissolution. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 55, 555564.

D.G. Martinson , N.G. Pisias , J.D. Hays , J. Imbrie , T.C. Moore Jr., and N.J. Shackleton (1987). Age dating and the orbital theory of the ice ages: Development of a high-resolution 0 to 300,000-year chronostratigraphy. Quaternary Research 27, 129.

K.M. Menking , J.L. Bischoff , J.A. Fitzpatrick , J.W. Burdette , and R.O. Rye (1997). Climate/hydrologic oscillations since 155,000 yr. B.P. at Owens Lake, CA, reflected in abundance and stable isotope composition of sediment carbonate. Quaternary Research 48, 5868.

F.M. Phillips , G.I. Smith , H.W. Bentley , D. Elmore , and H.E. Gove (1983). Cl-36 dating of saline sediments: Preliminary results from Searles Lake, California. Science 222, 925927.

S.M. Roberts , R.J. Spencer , and T.K. Lowenstein (1994). Late Pleistocene saline lacustrine sediments, Badwater Basin, Death Valley, California. A.J. Lamando Lacustrine Reservoirs and Depositional Systems 61103.

K. Rozanski , L. Arzguas-Araguas , and R. Gonfiantini (1993). Isotopic patterns in modern global precipitation. P.K. Swart Climate Change in Continental Isotopic Records 136.

D.J. Shearman , A. McGugan , C. Stein , and A.J. Smith (1989). Ikaite, CaCO3 2 . Geological Society of America Bulletin 101, 913917.

J.P. Smoot , and B. Castens-Seidell (1994). Sedimentary features produced by efflorescent salt crusts, Saline Valley and Death Valley, California. R.W. Renant , W.M. Last Sedimentology and Geochemistry of Modern and Ancient Saline Lakes 7390.

R.J. Spencer , M.J. Baedecker , H.P. Eugster , R.M. Forester , M.B. Goldhaber , B.F. Jones , K. Kelts , J. Mckenzie , D.B. Madsen , S.L. Rettig , M. Rubin , and C.J. Bowser (1984). Great Salt Lake and precursors. Utah: The last 30,000 years. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 86, 321334.

D.M. Titterington , and A.N. Halliday (1979). On the fitting of parallel isochrons and the method of maximum likelihood. Chemical Geology 26, 183195.

I.J. Winograd , T.B. Coplen , J.M. Landwehr , A.C. Riggs , K.R. Ludwig , B.J. Szabo , P.T. Kolesar , and M.R. Kinga (1992). Continuous 500,000-year climate record from vein calcite in Devils Hole, Nevada. Science 258, 255260.

D. York (1969). Least-squares fitting of a straight line with correlated errors. Earth Planetary Science Letters 5, 320324.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Quaternary Research
  • ISSN: 0033-5894
  • EISSN: 1096-0287
  • URL: /core/journals/quaternary-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 34 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 20th January 2017 - 28th March 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.