Anderson, T. L. (2009) Online instructor immediacy and instructor-student relationships in second life. In Wankel, C. & Kingsley, J. (eds.), Higher education in virtual worlds: Teaching and learning in Second Life. Warrington: Emerald Group Publishing, 101–114.
Atkins, C. and Caukill, M. (2009) Serious fun and serious learning: The challenge of Second Life. In Molka-Danielsen, J. & Deutschmann, M. (eds.), Learning and teaching in the virtual world of Second Life. Trondheim: Tapir Academic Press, 79–89.
Baldry, A. (2000) Introduction. In Baldry, A. (ed.), Multimodality and multimediality in the distance learning age: Papers in English linguistics. Campobasso: Palladino Editore, 11–39.
Baldry, A. and Thibault, P. J. (2001) Towards multimodal corpora. In Aston, G. & Burnard, L. (eds.), Corpora in the description and teaching of English. Bologna: CLUEB, 87–102.
Baldry, A. P. (2004) Phase and transition, type and instance: Patterns in media texts as seen through a multimodal concordancer. In O’Halloran, K. L. (ed.),
Multimodal discourse analysis: Systemic functional perspectives. London: Continuum, 83–108.
Bezemer, J. and Jewitt, C. (2010) Multimodal analysis: Key issues. In Litosseliti, L. (ed.), Research methods in linguistics. London: Continuum, 180–197.
Book, B. (2004) Moving beyond the game: Social virtual worlds. Proceedings of State of Play 2 Conference. New York: New York Law School, 6–8.
Cambra Giné, M. (2003) Une approche ethnographique de la classe de langue. Paris: Didier.
Cunningham, U., Beers Fägersten, K. and Holmsten, E. (2010) “Can you hear me, Hanoi?” Compensatory mechanisms in synchronous net-based English language learning. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 11(1): 161–177. https://doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v11i1.774
Deutschmann, M. and Panichi, L. (2009) Instructional design, teacher practice and learner autonomy. In Molka-Danielsen, J. & Deutschmann, M. (eds.), Learning and teaching in the virtual world of Second Life. Trondheim: Tapir Academic Press, 27–44.
Domingo, M. (2011) Analyzing layering in textual design: A multimodal approach for examining cultural, linguistic, and social migrations in digital video. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 14(3): 219–230. https://doi.org/10.1080/13645579.2011.563619
Friedman, D., Steed, A. and Slater, M. (2007) Spatial social behavior in Second Life. In Pelachaud, C., Martin, J.-C., André, E., Chollet, G., Karpouzis, K. & Pelé, D. (eds.), Intelligent virtual agents: 7th International Conference, IVA 2007, Paris, France, September 2007 Proceedings. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer, 252–263. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-74997-4_23
Hampel, R. and Hauck, M. (2006) Computer-mediated language learning: Making meaning in multimodal virtual learning spaces. The JALT CALL Journal, 2(2): 3–18.
Hampel, R. and Stickler, U. (2012) The use of videoconferencing to support multimodal interaction in an online language classroom. ReCALL, 24(2): 116–137. doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S095834401200002X.
Healey, D. (2016) Language learning and technology: Past, present and future. In Farr, F. & Murray, L. (eds.), The Routledge handbook of language learning and technology. Abingdon: Routledge, 9–22.
Herring, S. C. (2004) Computer-mediated discourse analysis: An approach to researching online behavior. In Barab, S. A., Kling, R. & Gray, J. H. (eds.), Designing for virtual communication in the service of learning. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 338–376. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511805080.016
Herring, S. C. (2007) A faceted classification scheme for computer-mediated discourse. Language@Internet, 4: 1–37.
Herring, S. C. (2015) New frontiers in interactive multimodal communication. In A. Georgopoulou & T. Spilloti (eds.), The Routledge handbook of language and digital communication. London: Routledge, 398–402.
Hubbard, P. (2009) General introduction. In Hubbard, P. (ed.), Computer assisted language learning: Critical concepts in linguistics. London: Routledge, 1–20.
Kress, G. (1998) Visual and verbal modes of representation in electronically mediated communication: the potentials of new forms of text. In I. Snyder & M. Joyce (Eds.), Page To Screen: taking literacy into the electronic era (pp. 53–79). London: Routledge.
Kress, G. and van Leeuwen, T. (2001) Multimodal discourse: The modes and media of contemporary communication. London: Arnold.
Lamy, M.-N. (2006) Multimodality in online language learning environment: Looking for a methodology. In Baldry, A. and Montagna, E. (eds.), Third International Conference on Multimodality, Pavia: Palladino, 237–254. https://telearn.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00197411
Norris, S. (2004) Analyzing multimodal interaction. A methodological framework. New York: Routledge.
Nunan, D. (1989) Designing tasks for the communicative classroom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
O’Halloran, K. (2004) Visual semiosis in film. In O’Halloran, K. (ed.), Multimodal discourse analysis: Systemic functional perspective. London: Continuum, 109–130.
O’Halloran, K. (2011) Multimodal discourse analysis. In K. Hayland & B. Paltridge (eds.), Companion to discourse analysis. London & New York: Continuum, 120–137.
Örnberg, T. (2005) Multimodality in a three-dimensional voice chat. In Allwood, J., Dorriots, B. & Nicholson, S. (eds.), Proceedings of the 3rd Conference on Multimodal Communication, Papers in Theoretical Linguistics. Göteborg: Göteborg University, 303–316.
Pellettieri, J. (2000) Negotiation in cyberspace: The role of chatting in the development of grammatical competence. In Warschauer, M. & Kern, R. (eds.), Network-based language teaching: Concepts and practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 59–86. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139524735.006
Pujolà, J.-T. and Palomeque, C. (2010) Developing a multimodal transcription to account for interaction in 3D virtual worlds: The 3M method. In Bueno Alonso, J. L. (ed.), Analizar Datos. Describir Variación. Vigo: University of Vigo, Servizo de Publicacións, 134–145.
Sweeney, P., Palomeque, C., González, D., Speck, C., Canfield, D. W, Guerrero, S. and MacKichan, P. (2011) Task design for language learning in an embodied environment. In Vincenti, G. & Braman, J. (eds.), Teaching through multi-user virtual environments: Applying dynamic elements to the modern classroom. Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference, 259–282.
Tan, S., O’Halloran, K. L. and Wignell, P. (2016) Multimodal research: Addressing the complexity of multimodal environments and the challenges for CALL. ReCALL, 28(3): 253–273. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0958344016000124
Tudini, V. (2003) Using native speakers in chat. Language Learning & Technology, 7(3): 141–159.
Wang, A. (2015) Facilitating participation: Teacher roles in a multiuser virtual learning environment. Language Learning & Technology, 19(2): 156–176.
Warburton, S. (2009) Second Life in higher education: Assessing the potential for and the barriers to deploying virtual worlds in learning and teaching. British Journal of Educational and Technology, 40(3): 414–426. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8535.2009.00952.x
Warschauer, M. (ed.) (1995) Telecollaboration in foreign language learning. Honolulu, HI: Second Language Teaching & Curriculum Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa.
Werry, C. C. (1996) Linguistic and interactional features of Internet relay chat. In S. C. Herring (ed.), Computer-mediated communication: Linguistic, social and cross-cultural perspectives. Amsterdam: John Benjamins 47–64. https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.39.06wer
Wigham, C. R. (2012) The interplay between nonverbal and verbal interaction in synthetic worlds which supports verbal participation and production in a foreign language. Université Blaise Pascal, unpublished PhD. https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00762382
Williamson, R. (2007) El diseño de un corpus multimodal. Estudios de Lingüística Aplicada, 25(46): 207–231.
Yee, N., Bailenson, J. N., Urbanek, M., Chang, F. and Merget, D. (2007) The unbearable likeness of being digital: The persistence of nonverbal social norms in online virtual environments. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 10(1): 115–121. https://doi.org/10.1089/cpb.2006.9984