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Conservation, discontinuous time, and causal continuity


William Vallicella poses a dilemma for continuous-creation accounts of conservation, which he attempts to solve by conjoining presentism and four-dimensionalism. I claim that presentist four-dimensionalism fails to appreciate the real problem behind continuous creation and persistence, which is a presumption of the discontinuity of time. I will argue that if we assume that time is discontinuous, then, (1) presentist four-dimensionalism cannot alone account for persistence, and (2) created entities are also not in clear need of conservation in Vallicella's solution. Lastly, I conclude by suggesting that the worry over persistence for continuous creation is a problem only if persistence requires causal continuity.

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William Lane Craig Creation and conservation once more’, Religious Studies, 34 (1998), 177188, 184

David Vander Laan Persistence and divine conservation’, Religious Studies, 42 (2006), 159176

Trenton Merricks There are no criteria of identity over time’, Nous, 32 (1998), 106124

Peter van Inwagen Dualism and materialism: Athens and Jerusalem’, Faith and Philosophy, 12 (1995), 486

Dean Zimmerman The compatibility of materialism and survival: the “falling elevator” model’, Faith and Philosophy, 16 (1999), 194212

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Religious Studies
  • ISSN: 0034-4125
  • EISSN: 1469-901X
  • URL: /core/journals/religious-studies
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