Faust, Sibylle Heinze, Stefanie Ngosong, Christopher Sradnick, André Oltmanns, Meike Raupp, Joachim Geisseler, Daniel and Joergensen, Rainer Georg 2017. Effect of biodynamic soil amendments on microbial communities in comparison with inorganic fertilization. Applied Soil Ecology, Vol. 114, p. 82.
Botelho, Renato Vasconcelos Roberti, Roberta Tessarin, Paola Garcia-Mina, José María and Rombolà, Adamo Domenico 2016. Physiological responses of grapevines to biodynamic management. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, Vol. 31, Issue. 05, p. 402.
Picone, Gianfranco Trimigno, Alessia Tessarin, Paola Donnini, Silvia Rombolà, Adamo Domenico and Capozzi, Francesco 2016. 1 H NMR foodomics reveals that the biodynamic and the organic cultivation managements produce different grape berries ( Vitis vinifera L. cv. Sangiovese). Food Chemistry, Vol. 213, p. 187.
de los Ríos, Ignacio Rivera, María and García, Carmen 2016. Redefining rural prosperity through social learning in the cooperative sector: 25 years of experience from organic agriculture in Spain. Land Use Policy, Vol. 54, p. 85.
Trebbi, Grazia Nipoti, Paola Bregola, Valeria Brizzi, Maurizio Dinelli, Giovanni and Betti, Lucietta 2016. Ultra high diluted arsenic reduces spore germination of Alternaria brassicicola and dark leaf spot in cauliflower. Horticultura Brasileira, Vol. 34, Issue. 3, p. 318.
Kharel, Gehendra Zheng, Haochi and Kirilenko, Andrei 2016. Can land-use change mitigate long-term flood risks in the Prairie Pothole Region? The case of Devils Lake, North Dakota, USA. Regional Environmental Change, Vol. 16, Issue. 8, p. 2443.
Kjellenberg, Lars Johansson, Eva Gustavsson, Karl-Erik Granstedt, Artur and Olsson, Marie E. 2016. Influence of organic manures on carrot (Daucus carota L.) crops grown in a long-term field experiment in Sweden. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, Vol. 31, Issue. 03, p. 258.
Parpinello, Giuseppina Paola Rombolà, Adamo Domenico Simoni, Marco and Versari, Andrea 2015. Chemical and sensory characterisation of Sangiovese red wines: Comparison between biodynamic and organic management. Food Chemistry, Vol. 167, p. 145.
Villanueva-Rey, Pedro Vázquez-Rowe, Ian Moreira, Maríaº Teresa and Feijoo, Gumersindo 2014. Comparative life cycle assessment in the wine sector: biodynamic vs. conventional viticulture activities in NW Spain. Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 65, p. 330.
Kokornaczyk, Maria O. Parpinello, Giuseppina P. Versari, Andrea Rombolà, Adamo D. and Betti, Lucietta 2014. Qualitative discrimination between organic and biodynamic Sangiovese red wines for authenticity. Analytical Methods, Vol. 6, Issue. 18, p. 7484.
Kazimierczak, Renata Hallmann, Ewelina Lipowski, Janusz Drela, Nadzieja Kowalik, Anna Püssa, Tõnu Matt, Darja Luik, Anne Gozdowski, Dariusz and Rembiałkowska, Ewa 2014. Beetroot (Beta vulgarisL.) and naturally fermented beetroot juices from organic and conventional production: metabolomics, antioxidant levels and anticancer activity. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Vol. 94, Issue. 13, p. 2618.
Sradnick, André Murugan, Rajasekaran Oltmanns, Meike Raupp, Joachim and Joergensen, Rainer Georg 2013. Changes in functional diversity of the soil microbial community in a heterogeneous sandy soil after long-term fertilization with cattle manure and mineral fertilizer. Applied Soil Ecology, Vol. 63, p. 23.
Jakopic, Jerneja Slatnar, Ana Mikulic-Petkovsek, Maja Veberic, Robert Stampar, Franci Bavec, Franci and Bavec, Martina 2013. Effect of Different Production Systems on Chemical Profiles of Dwarf French Bean (Phaseolus vulgarisL. cv. Top Crop) Pods. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Vol. 61, Issue. 10, p. 2392.
Bavec, Martina Narodoslawsky, Michael Bavec, Franc and Turinek, Matjaž 2012. Ecological impact of wheat and spelt production under industrial and alternative farming systems. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, Vol. 27, Issue. 03, p. 242.
Heimler, Daniela Vignolini, Pamela Arfaioli, Paola Isolani, Laura and Romani, Annalisa 2012. Conventional, organic and biodynamic farming: differences in polyphenol content and antioxidant activity of Batavia lettuce. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Vol. 92, Issue. 3, p. 551.
Heitkamp, Felix Raupp, Joachim and Ludwig, Bernard 2011. Soil organic matter pools and crop yields as affected by the rate of farmyard manure and use of biodynamic preparations in a sandy soil. Organic Agriculture, Vol. 1, Issue. 2, p. 111.
Heinze, Stefanie Oltmanns, Meike Joergensen, Rainer Georg and Raupp, Joachim 2011. Changes in microbial biomass indices after 10 years of farmyard manure and vegetal fertilizer application to a sandy soil under organic management. Plant and Soil, Vol. 343, Issue. 1-2, p. 221.
Heinze, Stefanie Raupp, Joachim and Joergensen, Rainer Georg 2010. Effects of fertilizer and spatial heterogeneity in soil pH on microbial biomass indices in a long-term field trial of organic agriculture. Plant and Soil, Vol. 328, Issue. 1-2, p. 203.
Biodynamic (BD) agriculture became the subject of research efforts during the past decades, whereas a part of the scientific community looks at the BD method with skepticism and marks it as dogmatic. Nevertheless, as explored in this review, a fair share of the available peer-reviewed research results of controlled field experiments as well as case studies show effects of BD preparations on yield, soil quality and biodiversity. Moreover, BD preparations express a positive environmental impact in terms of energy use and efficiency. However, the underlying natural science mechanistic principle of BD preparations is still under investigation. In addition, quality determination methods, based on holistic approaches, are increasingly being investigated and recognized. BD farming strives, as manifested in several publications, to positively impact cultural landscape design as well. Summarized data showed that further research is needed and thus encouraged in the field of food quality comparison/determination, food safety, environmental performance (e.g., footprints), and on the effects of BD farming practices on farm animals.
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