Rivers, Ariel Mullen, Christina Wallace, John and Barbercheck, Mary 2017. Cover crop-based reduced tillage system influences Carabidae (Coleoptera) activity, diversity and trophic group during transition to organic production. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, Vol. 32, Issue. 06, p. 538.
Silva, Erin and Delate, Kathleen 2017. A Decade of Progress in Organic Cover Crop-Based Reduced Tillage Practices in the Upper Midwestern USA. Agriculture, Vol. 7, Issue. 5, p. 44.
Vincent-Caboud, Laura Peigné, Joséphine Casagrande, Marion and Silva, Erin 2017. Overview of Organic Cover Crop-Based No-Tillage Technique in Europe: Farmers’ Practices and Research Challenges. Agriculture, Vol. 7, Issue. 5, p. 42.
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Liebert, Jeffrey A. and Ryan, Matthew R. 2017. High Planting Rates Improve Weed Suppression, Yield, and Profitability in Organically-Managed, No-till–Planted Soybean. Weed Technology, Vol. 31, Issue. 04, p. 536.
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Wallace, John Williams, Alwyn Liebert, Jeffrey Ackroyd, Victoria Vann, Rachel Curran, William Keene, Clair VanGessel, Mark Ryan, Matthew and Mirsky, Steven 2017. Cover Crop-Based, Organic Rotational No-Till Corn and Soybean Production Systems in the Mid-Atlantic United States. Agriculture, Vol. 7, Issue. 4, p. 34.
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Lowry, Carolyn J. and Brainard, Daniel C. 2017. Organic farmer perceptions of reduced tillage: A Michigan farmer survey. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, p. 1.
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Jabbour, Randa Pisani-Gareau, Tara Smith, Richard G. Mullen, Christina and Barbercheck, Mary 2016. Cover crop and tillage intensities alter ground-dwelling arthropod communities during the transition to organic production. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, Vol. 31, Issue. 04, p. 361.
Jokela, Dana and Nair, Ajay 2016. Effects of reduced tillage and fertilizer application method on plant growth, yield, and soil health in organic bell pepper production. Soil and Tillage Research, Vol. 163, p. 243.
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Organic producers in the mid-Atlantic region of the USA are interested in reducing tillage, labor and time requirements for grain production. Cover crop-based, organic rotational no-till grain production is one approach to accomplish these goals. This approach is becoming more viable with advancements in a system for planting crops into cover crop residue flattened by a roller–crimper. However, inability to consistently control weeds, particularly perennial weeds, is a major constraint. Cover crop biomass can be increased by manipulating seeding rate, timing of planting and fertility to achieve levels (>8000 kg ha−1) necessary for suppressing summer annual weeds. However, while cover crops are multi-functional tools, when enhancing performance for a given function there are trade-off with other functions. While cover crop management is required for optimal system performance, integration into a crop rotation becomes a critical challenge to the overall success of the production system. Further, high levels of cover crop biomass can constrain crop establishment by reducing optimal seed placement, creating suitable habitat for seed- and seedling-feeding herbivores, and impeding placement of supplemental fertilizers. Multi-institutional and -disciplinary teams have been working in the mid-Atlantic region to address system constraints and management trade-off challenges. Here, we report on past and current research on cover crop-based organic rotational no-till grain production conducted in the mid-Atlantic region.
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