1Delgado, C., Rosegrant, M., Steinfeld, H., Ehui, S., and Courbois, C. 1999. Livestock to 2020: The Next Food Revolution. 2020 Vision for Food, Agriculture, and Environment. Discussion Paper 28. International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC.
2von Braun, J. 2007. The World Food Situation: New Driving Forces and Required Actions. Food Policy Report No. 18. International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC. Available at Web site http://www.ifpri.org/pubs/fpr/pr18.asp (verified 14 March 2008).
3Hedden, W.P. 1929. How Great Cities Are Fed. D.C. Heath and Company, New York.
4Kloppenburg, J. Jr, Hendrickson, J., and Stevenson, G.W. 1996. Coming in to the foodshed. Agriculture and Human Values 13(3):33–42.
5Stagl, S. 2002. Local organic food markets: potentials and limitations for contributing to sustainable development. Empirica 29:145–162.
6Pretty, J. 2000. Towards sustainable food and farming systems in industrialized countries. International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology 1(1):77–94.
7Halweil, B. 2002. Home Grown: The Case for Local Food in a Global Market. Worldwatch Institute, Washington, DC.
8Feagan, R. 2007. The place of food: mapping out the ‘local’ in local food systems. Progress in Human Geography 31(1):23–42.
9Anonymous. 1921. Strike to affect forty-two states. The Washington Post, 16 October 1921, 1, 22.
10Anonymous. 1921. Peace vote unconditional: ‘Big Four’ unions and the Switchmen act after critical day. New York Times, 28 October 1921, 1.
11Getz, A. 1991. Urban foodsheds. The Permaculture Activist 24:26–27.
12Cloud, J. 2007. My search for the perfect apple. Time 169(11):42–50.
13Anonymous. 2006. Voting with your trolley. The Economist, 9 December 2006, 73–75.
16Bellows, A.C. and Hamm, M.W. 2001. Local autonomy and sustainable development: testing import substitution in localizing food systems. Agriculture and Human Values 18:271–284.
17Edwards-Jones, G., Milá i Canals, L., Hounsome, N., Truniger, M., Koerber, G., Hounsome, B., Cross, P., York, E.H., Hospido, A., Plassman, K., Harris, I.M., Edwards, R.T., Day, G.A.S., Tomos, A.D., Cowell, S.J., and Jones, D.L. 2008. Testing the assertion that ‘local food’ is best: the challenges of an evidence-based approach. Trends in Food Science and Technology 19:265–274.
18Hinrichs, C.C. 2003. The practice and politics of food system localization. Journal of Rural Studies 19:33–45.
19Feenstra, G.W. 1997. Local food systems and sustainable communities. American Journal of Alternative Agriculture 12(1):28–36.
20Gussow, J.D. and Clancy, K.L. 1986. Dietary guidelines for sustainability. Journal of Nutrition Education 18(1):1–5.
21Gussow, J.D. 1999. Dietary guidelines for sustainability: twelve years later. Journal of Nutrition Education 31(4):194–200.
22Pirog, R., Van Pelt, T., Enshayan, K., and Cook, E. 2001. Food, Fuel, and Freeways: An Iowa Perspective on How Far Food Travels, Fuel Usage, and Greenhouse Gas Emissions. The Leopold Center, Iowa State University, Ames, IA.
23Lapping, M.B. 2004. Toward the recovery of the local in the globalizing food system: the role of alternative agricultural and food models in the US. Ethics, Place, and Environment 7(3):141–150.
24Lyson, T.A. and Green, J. 1999. The agricultural marketscape: a framework for sustaining agriculture and communities in the Northeast. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 15(2/3):133–150.
25Born, B. and Purcell, M. 2006. Avoiding the local trap: scale and food systems in planning research. Journal of Planning Education and Research 26:195–207.
26IPCC. 2007. Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (Core Writing Team, R.K. Pachauri and A. Reisinger (eds)). IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland. Available at Web site http://www.ipcc.ch/ipccreports/ar4-syr.htm (verified 29 April 2008). 27Scientific Expert Group on Climate Change. 2007. Confronting Climate Change: Avoiding the Unmanageable and Managing the Unavoidable. R.M. Bierbaum, J.P. Holdren, M.C. MacCracken, R.H. Moss, and P.H. Raven (eds). Report prepared for the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Sigma Xi, Research Triangle Park, NC, and the United Nations Foundation, Washington, DC. Available at Web site http://www.unfoundation.org/files/pdf/2007/SEG_ExecSumm.pdf (verified 18 April 2007).
28Kerr, R.A. 2007. How urgent is climate change? Science 318:1230–1231.
29IPCC. 2007. Summary for policymakers. In M.L. Parry, O.F. Canziani, J.P. Palutikof, P.J. van der Linden, and C.E. Hanson (eds). Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. p. 7–22. Available at Web site http://www.ipcc.ch/ipccreports/ar4-wg2.htm (verified 29 April 2008). 30IPCC. 2007. Summary for policymakers. In B. Metz, O.R. Davidson, P.R. Bosch, R. Dave, and L.A. Meyer (eds). Climate Change 2007: Mitigation. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IntergovernmentalPanel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK and New York. p. 1–23. Available at Web site http://www.ipcc.ch/ipccreports/ar4-wg3.htm (verified 29 April 2008). 31Steinfeld, H., Gerber, P., Wassenaar, T., Castel, V., Rosales, M., and de Haan, C. 2006. Livestock's Long Shadow: Environmental Issues and Options. FAO, Rome, Italy. Available at Web site http://www.virtualcentre.org/en/library/key_pub/longshad/a0701e00.htm (verified 29 April 2006).
32Edwards, J.D. 1997. Crude oil and alternative energy production forecasts for the twenty-first century: the end of the hydrocarbon era. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin 81(8):1292–1305.
33Bentley, R.W. 2002. Global oil and gas depletion: an overview. Energy Policy 30:189–205.
35Government Accountability Office. 2007. Crude Oil: Uncertainty About Future Oil Supply Makes it Important to Develop a Strategy for Addressing a Peak and Decline in Oil Production. US Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. Available at Web site: http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d07283.pdf (verified 18 April 2007).
36Duncan, R.C. and Youngquist, W. 1999. Encircling the peak of world oil production. Natural Resources Research 8(3):219–232.
38Hallock, J.L. Jr, Tharakan, P.J., Hall, C.A.S., Jefferson, M., and Wu, W. 2004. Forecasting the limits to the availability and diversity of global conventional oil supply. Energy 29(11):1673–1696.
39Youngquist, W. 1999. The post-petroleum paradigm––and population. Population and Environment 20(4):297–315.
40Greene, D.L., Hopson, J.L., and Li, J. 2004. Running out of and into oil: analyzing global oil depletion and transition through 2050. Transportation Research Record 1880:1–9.
41Brandt, A.R. and Farrell, A.E. 2007. Scraping the bottom of the barrel: greenhouse gas emission consequences of a transition to low-quality and synthetic petroleum resources. Climatic Change 84:241–263.
43Hill, J., Nelson, E., Tilman, D., Polasky, S., and Tiffany, D. 2006. Environmental, economic, and energetic costs and benefits of biodiesel and ethanol biofuels. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 103:11206–11210.
44Goldemberg, J. 2007. Ethanol for a sustainable energy future. Science 315:808–810.
45Giampietro, M., Ulgiati, S., and Pimentel, D. 1997. Feasibility of large-scale biofuel production: does an enlargement of scale change the picture? BioScience 47(9):587–600.
46Berndes, G., Hoogwijk, M., and van den Broek, R. 2003. The contribution of biomass in the future global energy supply: a review of 17 studies. Biomass and Bioenergy 25: 1–28.
47Energy Information Administration. 2007. International Energy Outlook 2007. Energy Information Administration, Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting, US Department of Energy, Washington, DC. Available at Web site http://www.eia.doe.gov/oiaf/ieo/index.html (verified 29 April 2008).
48Haberl, H., Erb, K.H., Krausmann, F., Gaube, V., Bondeau, A., Plutzar, C., Gingrich, S., Lucht, W., and Fischer-Kowalski, M. 2007. Quantifying and mapping the human appropriation of net primary production in earth's terrestrial ecosystems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 104:12942–12947.
49Field, C.B., Campbell, J.E., and Lobell, D.B. 2007. Biomass energy: the scale of the potential resource. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 23(2):65–72.
50Fargione, J., Hill, J., Tilman, D., Polasky, S., and Hawthorne, P. 2008. Land clearing and the biofuel carbon debt. Science 319:1235–1237.
51Searchinger, T., Heimlich, R., Houghton, R.A., Dong, F., Elobeid, A., Fabiosa, J., Tokgoz, S., Hayes, D., and Yu, T. 2008. Use of U.S. croplands for biofuels increase greenhouse gases through emissions from land-use change. Science 319:1238–1240.
52Rosegrant, M.W. and Ringler, C. 1997. World food markets into the 21st century: environmental and resource constraints and policies. The Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics 41(3):402–428.
53Alexandratos, N. 1999. World food and agriculture: outlook for the medium and longer term. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 96:5908–5914.
54Johnson, D.G. 1999. The growth of demand will limit output growth for food over the next quarter century. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA96:5915–5920.
57Kennedy, G., Nantel, G., and Shetty, P. 2003. The scourge of ‘hidden hunger’: global dimensions of micronutrient deficiencies. Food, Nutrition, and Agriculture 32:8–16.
58Bender, W.H. 1994. An end use analysis of global food requirements. Food Policy 19(4):381–395.
59Peters, C.J., Bills, N.L., Lembo, A.J., Wilkins, J.L., and Fick, G.W. In press. Mapping potential Foodsheds in New York State: a spatial model for evaluating the capacity to localize food production. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems.