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  • Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, Volume 19, Issue 4
  • December 2004, pp. 218-227

Risk and risk management in organic agriculture: Views of organic farmers

  • James Hanson (a1), Robert Dismukes (a2), William Chambers (a2), Catherine Greene (a3) and Amy Kremen (a4)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 February 2007

In a series of focus groups during 2001 and 2002, organic farmers from different regions of the United States identified a wide range of risks to their operations. The focus groups were facilitated by the University of Maryland in cooperation with a research team from USDA's Economic Research Service, to explore the risks faced by organic farmers, how they are managed, and needs for risk management assistance. Contamination of organic production from genetically modified organisms was seen as a major risk, particularly by grain, soybean and cotton farmers. Focus-group participants producing grains and cotton—many of whom knew about and had obtained crop insurance—raised concerns about coverage offered, including the need for insurance to reflect the higher prices received for organic crops. Most fruit and vegetable producers participating in the focus groups had little knowledge of crop insurance. When provided with basic information about crop insurance, operators of small fruit and vegetable farms were skeptical about its usefulness for their type of operation.

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15P.L. Diebel J.R. Williams and R.V. Llewelyn 1995. An economic comparison of conventional and alternative cropping systems for a representative Northeast Kansas farm. Review of Agricultural Economics 17:323335.

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