Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Weeds and endangered herbs have unforeseen dispersal helpers in the agri-environment: gastropods and earthworms

  • Manfred Türke (a1), Tamara Blattmann (a2), Eva Knop (a2), Anne Kindermann (a1), Julia Prestele (a3) (a4), Leonardo Marquez (a5), Nico Eisenhauer (a1) and Christina Fischer (a6)...
Abstract

Agri-environmental schemes involving organic farming or set-aside management aim at promoting biodiversity and restoring ecosystem functioning in agrarian landscapes. Application of pesticides in these crop fields is strongly regulated facilitating the spread of weeds but also allowing for the establishment of endangered herbs and a variety of animals. Recent studies found gastropods and earthworms to be legitimate dispersers of seeds of wild plants. We assumed that both groups also play a significant role in the spread and establishment of wild plants within crop fields. Therefore, we are conducting a series of experiments in three different study systems on (1) the role of earthworms and gastropods as dispersers of rare herbs and weeds in an organic rye field in Germany, (2) the seed feeding behavior of gastropods of plants sown in fallow ground in Switzerland, and (3) weed dispersal in irrigated rice fields by golden apple snails in the Philippines.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: manfred.tuerke@gmx.net
References
Hide All
1Tscharntke, T., Klein, A.M., Kruess, A., Steffan-Dewenter, I., and Thies, C. 2005. Landscape perspectives on agricultural intensification and biodiversity—ecosystem service management. Ecology Letters 8:857874.
2Batary, P., Andras, B., Kleijn, D., and Tscharntke, T. 2011. Landscape-moderated biodiversity effects of agri-environmental management: a meta-analysis. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 278:18941902.
3Liebman, M., Mohler, C.L., and Staver, C.P. 2001. Ecological Management of Agricultural Weeds. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
4Benvenuti, S. 2007. Weed seed movement and dispersal strategies in the agricultural environment. Weed Biology and Management 7:141157.
5Türke, M., Andreas, K., Gossner, M.M., Kowalski, E., Lange, M., Boch, S., Socher, S.A., Müller, J., Prati, D., Fischer, M., Meyhöfer, R., and Weisser, W.W. 2012. Are gastropods, rather than ants, important dispersers of seeds of myrmecochorous forest herbs? American Naturalist 179:124131.
6Forey, E., Barot, S., Decaens, T., Langlois, E., Laossi, K.-R., Margerie, P., Scheu, S., and Eisenhauer, N. 2011. Importance of earthworm–seed interactions for the composition and structure of plant communities: a review. Acta Oecologica–International Journal of Ecology 37:594603.
7Fischer, C., Thies, C., and Tscharntke, T. 2011. Mixed effects of landscape complexity and farming practice on weed seed removal. Perspectives in Plant Ecology Evolution and Systematics 13:297303.
8Kollmann, J. and Bassin, S. 2001. Effects of management on seed predation in wildflower strips in northern Switzerland. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 83:285296.
9Joshi, R.C. and Sebastian, L.S. (eds). 2006. Global Advances in Ecology and Management of Golden Apple Snails. Philippine Rice Research Institute, Munoz, Philippines.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems
  • ISSN: 1742-1705
  • EISSN: 1742-1713
  • URL: /core/journals/renewable-agriculture-and-food-systems
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed