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  • Cited by 4
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Dobson, Stephanie 2012. Reconciling Local with Global: New Zealand Muslim Women Articulating Faith in their Lives. The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology, Vol. 13, Issue. 3, p. 228.

    Bilge, Sirma 2010. Beyond Subordination vs. Resistance: An Intersectional Approach to the Agency of Veiled Muslim Women. Journal of Intercultural Studies, Vol. 31, Issue. 1, p. 9.

    Freedman, Jane 2010. Protecting Women Asylum Seekers and Refugees: From International Norms to National Protection?. International Migration, Vol. 48, Issue. 1, p. 175.

    Humpage, Louise 2009. A ‘culturally unsafe’ space? The Somali experience of Christchurch secondary schools. New Zealand Geographer, Vol. 65, Issue. 1, p. 73.


Women, Islam and rights in Europe: beyond a universalist/culturalist dichotomy


In 2004 the French National Assembly and Senate passed legislation which makes it illegal for Muslim women to wear headscarves (the hijab) within French public schools. To be precise the legislation refers to the banning of ostentatious religious symbols within the secular domain of the public school system, but is clearly aimed primarily at Muslim women, following a long-running dispute over this issue. Similar debates are taking place in other European countries such as Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and Spain. A bill modelled on the recent French legislation has been tabled in the Belgian senate, whilst various court cases have been brought in other European countries by Muslim women who have been banned from wearing headscarves by employers or schools. Following a ruling of the German Supreme Court that a Muslim teacher should be allowed to wear a headscarf, as this did not contravene current legislation, the state of Baden-Wuerttenberg acted to introduce legislation to ban headscarves, and this legislation is likely to be copied by six other German states.

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Review of International Studies
  • ISSN: 0260-2105
  • EISSN: 1469-9044
  • URL: /core/journals/review-of-international-studies
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