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Genetic and hybrid algorithms for optimization of non-singular 3PRR planar parallel kinematics mechanism for machining application

  • Abdur Rosyid (a1), Bashar El-Khasawneh (a1) and Anas Alazzam (a1)

This paper proposes a special non-symmetric topology of a 3PRR planar parallel kinematics mechanism, which naturally avoids singularity within the workspace and can be utilized for hybrid kinematics machine tools. Subsequently, single-objective and multi-objective optimizations are conducted to improve the performance. The workspace area and minimum eigenvalue, as well as the condition number of the homogenized Cartesian stiffness matrix across the workspace, have been chosen as the objectives in the optimization based on their relevance to the machining application. The single-objective optimization is conducted by using a single-objective genetic algorithm and a hybrid algorithm, whereas the multi-objective optimization is conducted by using a multi-objective genetic algorithm, a weighted sum single-objective genetic algorithm, and a weighted sum hybrid algorithm. It is shown that the single-objective optimization gives superior value in the optimized objective, while sacrificing the other objectives, whereas the multi-objective optimization compromises the improvement of all objectives by providing non-dominated values. In terms of the algorithms, it is shown that a hybrid algorithm can either verify or refine the optimal value obtained by a genetic algorithm.

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