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The Formation of “Islamic Mathematics” Sources and Conditions

  • Jens Høyrup (a1)
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Based mainly upon DSB; GAS; GAL; Suter 1900; Sarton 1927; Sarton 1931; and Dodge 1970. All dates A.D.

dynasty, ˓Abbasid, Dynasty of caliphs in effective power in Baghdad from 749/50 to the later tenth-earlier eleventh century, formally until 1258.
Abī, Uşaybi˓a.. 1203/4–1270. Syrian lexicographer and physician.
Bakr, Abū. Early ninth century? Otherwise unknown author of the Liber mensurationum.
Kamil, Abū. Fl. late ninth and/or early tenth century. Egyptian mathematician.
Ma˓shār, Abū. 787886. Eastern Caliphate. Astrologer.
Abū'l-Wafā˓, 940–997/8. Eastern Caliphate. Mathematician and astronomer.
Al-Bīrūnī, B. 973, d. after 1050. Astronomer, mathematician, historian, and geographer from Khwārezm.
Al-Farabl, Ca. 870950. Eastern Caliphate. Philosopher.
Al-Fāzārī, Fl. second half of the eighth century. Eastern Caliphate. Astronomer.
Al-Ghazzālī, 10581111. Eastern Caliphate. Theologian.
Al-Hajjāj, Fl. late eighth to early ninth centuries. Eastern Caliphate. Translator of the Elements and of the Almagest.
Al-Haşşār, Fl. twelfth or thirteenth century, probably in Morocco. Mathematician.
Al-Jāhiz, Ca. 776868/9. Iraq. Muctazilite theologian; zoologist.
Al-Jawharī, Fl. ca. 830. Eastern Caliphate. Mathematician and astronomer.
AI-Karajī, Fl. ca. 1000. Eastern Caliphate. Mathematician.
Al-Khayyāmī, . 1048(?)–1131(?). Iran. Mathematician, astronomer, philosopher.
Al-Khazin, D.. 961/71. Iran. Mathematician and astronomer.
AI-Khazīnī, Fl. ca. 11151130. Iran. Astronomer, theoretician of mechanics and instruments.
Al-Khuwārizmī, Fl. ca. 980. Khwarezm. Lexicographer.
Al-Khwārizmī, Late eighth to mid-ninth centuries. Eastern Caliphate. Mathematician, astronomer, geographer.
Al-Kindī, Ca. 801 to ca. 866. Eastern Caliphate. Philosopher, mathematician, astronomer, physician, etc.
Al-Māhanī, Fl. ca. 860 to ca. 880. Eastern Caliphate. Mathematician, astronomer.
Al-Ma˓mūn, 786833. ˓Abbasid caliph 803–833, ardent mu˓tazilite, patron of awdā˒il learning.
Al-Nadīm, Ca. 935990. Baghdad. Librarian, lexicographer.
Al-Nasawī, Fl. 10291044. Khurasan, Eastern Caliphate. Mathematician.
Al-Nayrīzī, Fl. early tenth century. Eastern Caliphate. Mathematician, astronomer.
Al-Qalaşādī, 14121486. Spain, Tunisia. Mathematician, jurisprudent.
Al-Samaw˒al, Fl. mid-twelfth century. Iraq, Iran. Mathematician, physician.
Al-Umawī, Fl. fourteenth century. Spain, Damascus. Mathematician.
Al-Uqlīdīsī, Fl. 952/3. Damascus. Mathematician.
Al-Ya˓qūbī, Fl. 873891. Eastern Caliphate. Shi'ite historian and geographer.
Anania of Shirak, Fl. first half of the seventh century. Armenia. Mathematician, astronomer, geographer, etc.
Mūsā, Banū (“Sons of Musa”). Three brothers, ca. 800 to ca. 875. Baghdad. Mathematicians, translators, organizers of translation.
Hiyya, Bar (Savasorda) Abraham. Fl. before 1136. Hispano-Jewish philosopher, mathematician, and astronomer. FJunayn ibn Ishaq. 808873. Eastern Caliphate. Physician, translator.
al-Bannsā˓., Ibn 12561321. Morocco. Mathematician, astronomer.
al-Haytham, Ibn 965 to ca. 1040. Iraq, Egypt. Mathematician, astronomer.
Khaldūn, Ibn. 13321406. Maghreb, Spain, Egypt. Historian, sociologist.
Qunfudh, Ibn. D. 1407/8. Algeria. Jurisprudent, historian. Commentator to ibn al-Bannā˒.
Tāhir, Ibn. D. 1037. Iraq, Iran. Theologian, mathematician, etc.
Turk, Ibn. Early ninth century. Turkestan. Mathematician.
al-safā˓, Ikhwān (“Epistles of the Brethren of Purity”). Tenth-century Ismā˓īlī encyclopaedic exposition of philosophy and sciences.
al-Dīn, Kamāl. D. 1320. Iran. Mathematician, mainly interested in optics.
ibn Labbān, Kushyār. Fl. ca. 1000. Eastern Caliphate. Astronomer, mathematician.
allah, Māshā˓ Fl. 762 to ca. 815. Iraq. Astrologer.
al-Maghribi., Muhyi'l-Dīn Fl. ca. 1260 to 1265. Syria and Iran. Mathematician, astronomer, astrologer.
al-Dīn al-Tūsī, Naşīr. D. ca. 1214. Iran. Astronomer, mathematician.
ibn Abī'l-Qāsim, Qayşar. 11781251. Egypt, Syria. Jurisprudent, mathematician, technologist.
ibn Lūqā, Qusţā. Fl. 860 to 900. Eastern Caliphate. Physician, philosopher, translator.
ibn Yahya, Rabī˓ Fl. tenth century? Bishop at Elvira.
Sebokht, Severus Fl. mid-seventh century. Syrian bishop. Astronomer, commentator on philosophy.
Thābit ibn Qurra 836901. Eastern Caliphate. Mathematician, astronomer, physician, translator, etc.
ibn al-Farrukhān, ˓Umar. 762812. Eastern Caliphate. Astronomer, astrologer.
˓Umayyad dynasty. Dynasty of caliphs, 661750.
al-Qass, Yūhannā Fl. first half of tenth century? Mathematician, translator of mathematics.

The following abbreviations are used throughout the text and bibliography:

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