Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Giving Tshuve to the sick: correspondence columns of the Yiddish medical press in Poland

  • Marek Tuszewicki (a1)

Argument

Several Yiddish medical publications of various profiles appeared in independent Poland until 1939. These print media were associated with OZE and TOZ organizational structures and aimed to promote modern concepts of health and healthcare among the Jewish population in its native tongue. Some of these magazines offered space for direct consultations, which took the form of a correspondence corner. Questions sent in by readers ranged from apparently neutral topics, such as a healthy diet or hygiene, to controversial matters tormenting individuals in provincial milieus. The correspondence gives us an insight into popular ways of thinking about health and disease and indicates issues of high importance for a society in the process of modernization. The present paper discusses the questions and answers as they appeared in the Yiddish medical press (particularly in the Folksgezunt and Der Doktor), and presents the most crucial aspects of Jewish life they shed light on, including the historical and cultural background.

Copyright

Corresponding author

References

Hide All
Anon. 1906. [Anonymous Doctors]. 1906. Medycyna w samorządzie: Stan obecny lecznictwa publicznegow Królestwie Polskiem. Braki i potrzeby [Medicine in Self-Government: The Current State of Public Healthcare in the Kingdom of Poland. Shortages and Needs]. Warszawa: E. Wende i Spółka.
Bastomski, Shloyme. 1923. “Yidishe Vertlekh un Shprikhverter vegn Gezunt” [Yiddish Sayings and Proverbs about Health]. Folksgezunt 2–3:53.
Blicksilver, Edith. 1977. “The Binlt Briv Woman Writer: Torn Between European Traditions and the American Life Style.” Studies in American Jewish Literature 3:3649.
Bressler, Marvin. 1952. “Selected Family Patterns in W. I. Thomas’ Unfinished Study of the Bintl Brief.” American Sociological Review 17(Oct):563–71.
Cohen, Nathan. 2012. “What Did East European Yiddish Readers Know About Cancer (1902-1939)?Modern Judaism 32(2):216–41.
Cohen, Nathan. 2015. “Distributing Knowledge: Warsaw as a Center of Jewish Publishing, 1850-1914.” In Warsaw. The Jewish Metropolis: Essays in Honor of the 75th Birthday of Professor Anthony Polonsky, edited by Dynner, Glenn and Guesnet, François, 180206. Leiden-Boston: Brill.
Epstein, Lisa. 1995. “Caring for the Soul’s House. The Jews of Russia and Health Care 1860-1914.” Ph.D. diss., Yale University.
Fuks, Marian. 1979. Prasa żydowska w Warszawie, 1923-1939 [Jewish Press in Warsaw, 1923-1939]. Warsaw: Żydowski Instytut Historyczny.
Gottesman, Itzik Nakhmen. 2003. Defining the Yiddish Nation: The Jewish Folklorists of Poland. Detroit: Wayne State University.
Kolberg, Oskar. 1962. Dzieła wszystkie [Complete Works], vol. 7. Wrocław-Poznań: Polskie Towarzystwo Ludoznawcze.
Kopciowski, Adam. 2015. Wos hert zich in der prowinc? Prasa żydowska na Lubelszczyźnie i jej największy dziennik “Lubliner Tugblat” [What’s Going On in the Province? Jewish Press in Lublin District and Its Largest Daily Newspaper Lubliner Tugblat]. Lublin: Wydawnictwo UMCS.
Kossoy, Edward, and Ohry, Abraham. 1992. The Feldshers. Medical, Sociological and Historical Aspects of Practitoners of Medicine with Below-University-Level Education. Jerusalem: Magnes Press.
Kotik, A[vraham]. 1912. “Di Gezelshaft tsu Farbesern Higieniszn un Gezund-Shtand fun der Yidisher Bafelkerung” [The Society for Improvement of Hygiene and Health of the Jewish Population]. Der Yidisher Hoyz-Doktor, 27(6):14.
Kouts, Gidéon. 2006. The Hebrew and Jewish Press in Europe: Selected Problems in Its History. Paris: Suger Press.
Kuznitz, Cecile Esther. 2014. YIVO and the Making of Modern Jewish Culture: Scholarship for the Yiddish Nation. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Lenski, Mordecai. 1920/1921. Moderner Familyen-Doktor [Modern Family Doctor]. Varshe: Lenski.
Lenski, Mordecai. 1931. More Derekh le-Mohelim: Kurtse Yediyes fun Anatomie, Fizyologye un Aseptik [The Guide for Mohelim: Short Information on Anatomy, Physiology and Asepticism]. Varshe: Kultur-Sektsye ba der Varshever Kehile-Farvaltung.
Lisek, Joanna. 2010. “Feminist Discourse in Women’s Yiddish Press in Poland.” Pardes: Zeitschrift der Vereinigung für Jüdische Studien e.V., 16:92116.
Lisowska-Magdziarz, Małgorzata. 2006. Analiza tekstu w dyskursie medialnym [Analysis of the Text in Media Discourse]. Kraków: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego.
Marcuse, Moses. 1790. Sefer Refuot ha-nikra Ezer Israel. Poryck: Marcuse.
Marten-Finnis, Susanne. 2004. Vilna as a Centre of the Modern Jewish Press, 1840-1928. Bern: Peter Lang.
Marten-Finnis, Susanne, and Bauer, Markus, eds. 2007. Die jüdische Presse: Forschungsmethoden – Erfahrungen – Ergebnisse. Bremen: Edition Lumière.
Metzker, Isaac, ed. 1990. A Bintel Brief: Sixty Years of Letters from the Lower East Side to the Jewish Daily Forward. New York: Schocken.
Moshe bar Menachem. 1784. “Michtavim: Aleh terufah ve-hu she’alah u-teshuvah ba-inyan terufat inokulatsion” [Letters: Leaf of Healing, that is, Question and Answer in the Matter of Inoculation]. Ha-Me’asef 545(5):515.
Nalewajko-Kulikov, Joanna. 2012a. “Prasa żydowska na ziemiach polskich: historia, stan badań, perspektywy badawcze” [Jewish Press on Polish Lands: History, Current State of Research, Perspectives]. In Studia z dziejów trójjęzycznej prasy żydowskiej na ziemiach polskich (XIX-XX w.) [Studies of the History of the Trilingual Jewish Press on Polish Lands (Nineteenth to Twentieth Centuries)], edited by Nalewajko-Kulikov, Joanna, 730. Warszawa: Neriton.
Nalewajko-Kulikov, Joanna, ed. 2012b. Studia z dziejów trójjęzycznej prasy żydowskiej na ziemiach polskich (XIX-XX w.) [Studies of the History of the Trilingual Jewish Press on Polish Lands (Nineteenth to Twentieth Centuries)]. Warszawa: Neriton.
Petrovsky-Shtern, Yohanan. 2011. “‘You Will Find It in the Pharmacy.’ Practical Kabbalah and Natural Medicine in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, 1690-1750.” In Holy Dissent, edited by Dynner, Glenn, 1353. Detroit: Wayne State University Press.
Ritter, G[ottfried]. 1926. Der Arumgang un Flege fun a Zoygkind [The Nurture and Nursing of an Infant]. Varshe: TOZ.
Rosenberg, Yehuda, Yudl. 1911. Rafael ha-Malach. Pietrikov: Rosenberg.
Sosnovik, Elyohu. 1924. “Materialn tsu der yidisher folksmeditsin in Vaysrusland” [Materials to the Jewish Folk Medicine in Belarus]. Yidishe Filologye (fasc. 2–3):160–68.
Stein, Sarah Abrevaya. 2004. Making Jews Modern: The Yiddish and Ladino Press in the Russian and Ottoman Empire. Bloomington-Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.
Szeintuch, Yechiel. 1986. Preliminary Inventory of Yiddish Dailies and Periodicals Published in Poland between the Two World Wars. Jerusalem: The Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
Talbot, Mary. 2007. Media Discourse: Representation and Interaction. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Trachtenberg, Barry. 2008. “The Revolutionary Origins of Yiddish Scholarship, 1903-1917.” In The Revolution of 1905 and Russia’s Jews, edited by Hoffman, Stefani and Mendelsohn, Ezra, 174184. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Tsart, A[vraham]. 1923. “Obergloybn un Aynredenishn in Unzer Kant” [Superstitions and False Beliefs in Our Province]. Folksgezunt 2–3:5152.
Tuszewicki, Marek. 2012. “Chasydzi w Galicji wobec współczesnej farmacji w świetle dzieła Beerot ha-majim (Przemyśl 1888)” [Hasidim of Galicia and the Modern Pharmacy in the Light of Be’erot ha-Mayyim (Przemysl 1888)]. Medycyna Nowożytna 18:4983.
Więckowska, Elżbieta. 2004. Lekarze jako grupa zawodowa w II Rzeczypospolitej [Doctors as a Professional Group in the Second Polish Republic]. Wrocław: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego.
Wisse, Ruth R. 1995. “Not the Pintele Yid, but the Full-Fledged Jew.” Prooftexts 15(1):3361.
Zimmels, Hirsch Jacob. 1952. Magicians, Theologians and Doctors: Studies in Folk-Medicine and Folk-Lore as Reflected in the Rabbinical Responsa 12th-19th Centuries. London: E. Goldston.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Science in Context
  • ISSN: 0269-8897
  • EISSN: 1474-0664
  • URL: /core/journals/science-in-context
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed