Skip to main content Accessibility help

Introduction: Emotion and the Sciences: Varieties of Empathy in Science, Art, and History

  • Susan Lanzoni (a1)


Emotion and feeling have only in the last decade become analytic concepts in the humanities, reflected in what some have called an “affective turn” in the academy at large. The study of emotion has also found a place in science studies and the history and philosophy of science, accompanied by the recognition that even the history of objectivity depends in a dialectical fashion on a history of subjectivity (Daston and Galison 2010, esp. chap. 4). This topical issue is a contribution to this larger trend across the humanities and the history of science, and yet is circumscribed by attention to a particular kind of emotion or condition for feeling: one centered not in an individual body, but in the interstices between bodies and things, between selves and others – what we call empathy.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Introduction: Emotion and the Sciences: Varieties of Empathy in Science, Art, and History
      Available formats

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Introduction: Emotion and the Sciences: Varieties of Empathy in Science, Art, and History
      Available formats

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Introduction: Emotion and the Sciences: Varieties of Empathy in Science, Art, and History
      Available formats



Hide All
Alberti, Fay Bound, ed. 2006. Medicine, Emotion and Disease, 1700–1950. New York: Pallgrave Macmillan.
Alexander, Zeynep Çelik. 2010Metrics of Experience: August Endell's Phenomenology of Architecture.” Grey Room (40):5083.
Allesch, Christian G. 1987. Geschichte der psychologischen Aesthetik.Untersuchungen zur historischen Entwicklung eines psychologischen Verständnisses ästhetischer Phänomene. Göttingen: C. J. Hogrefe.
Benjamin, Walter. 1969. “Theses on the Philosophy of History.” Illuminations: Essays and Reflections. New York: Schocken.
Blakeslee, Sandra. 2006. “Cells that Read Minds.” New York Times, January 10.
Bourke, Joanna. 2003. “Fear and Anxiety: Writing about Emotion in Modern History.” History Workshop Journal 55:111133.
Brecht, Bertolt. [1932] 1992. “Indirect Impact of the Epic Theatre (extracts from the Notes to Die Mutter).” In Brecht on Theatre: The Development of an Aesthetic, edited by Willet, John, 5762. New York: Hill and Wang.
Brennan, Teresa. 2004. The Transmission of Affect. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Brooks, David. 2011. “The Limits of Empathy.” New York Times, September 29.
Brothers, Leslie. 1989. “A Biological Perspective on Empathy.” American Journal of Psychiatry 146 (1):1019.
Bruner, Jerome and Kalmar., D. A. 1998. “Narrative and Metanarrative in the Construction of Self.” In Self-Awareness: Its Nature and Development, edited by Ferrari, Michel and Sternberg, Robert J., 308331. New York: Guilford Press.
Clough, Patricia Ticento and Halley, Jean, eds. 2007. The Affective Turn: Theorizing the Social. Durham NC: Duke University Press.
Connolly, William E. 2011. “I. The Complexity of IntentionCritical Inquiry 37 (4):791798.
Coplan, Amy and Goldie, Peter, eds. 2011. Empathy: Philosophical and Psychological Perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Curtis, Robin and Koch, Gertrud, eds. 2009. Einfühlung: Zu Geschichte und Gegenwart eines ästhetischen Konzepts. Munich: Wilhelm Fink Verlag.
Curtis, Scott. 2009. “Einfühlung und die frühe deutsche Filmtheorie.” Translated by Kast, Franziska and Imorde, Joseph. In Einfühlung. Zu Geschichte und Gegenwart eines ästhetischen Konzepts, edited by Curtis, Robin and Koch, Gertrud, 79104. Munich: Wilhelm Fink.
Daston, Lorraine. 1995. “Curiosity in Early Modern Science.” Word & Image 11 (4):391404.
Daston, Lorraine and Galison., Peter 2010. Objectivity. Zone Press.
Decety, Jean and Lamm., Claus 2006. “Human Empathy through the Lens of Social Neuroscience.” Scientific World Journal (6):11461163.
Decety, Jean, ed. 2011. Empathy: From Bench to Bedside. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.
Decety, Jean and Ickes, William, eds. 2009. The Social Neuroscience of Empathy. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.
de Quervain, Dominique J-F, Fischbacher, Urs, Treyer, Valerie, Schellhammer, Melanie, Schnyder, Ulrich, Buck, Alfred, and Fehr, Ernst. 2004. “The Neural Basis of Altruistic Punishment.” Science 305 (5688):12541258.
Dilthey, Wilhelm. [1894] 1977. “Ideas Concerning a Descriptive and Analytic Psychology.” In Descriptive Psychology and Historical Understanding, translated by Zaner and Heiges, 4181. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.
Dilthey, Wilhelm. [1910] 1977. “The Understanding of Other Persons and Their Expressions of Life.” In Descriptive Psychology and Historical Understanding, translated by Zaner and Heiges, 123–39. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.
Di Pellegrino, Giuseppe, Fadiga, Luciano, Fogassi, Leonardo, Gallese, Vittorio, and Rizzolatti, Giacomo. 1992. “Understanding Motor Events: A Neurophysiological Study.” Experimental Brain Research 91:176180.
Dror, Otniel. 1998. “Creating the Emotional Body: Confusion, Possibilities, Knowledge.” In Emotional History of the United States, edited by Stearns, Peter N. and Lewis, Jan, 173194. New York: New York University Press.
Dror, Otniel. 2001. “Techniques of the Brain and the Paradox of Emotions, 1880–1930Science in Context 14 (4):643660.
Endell, August. 1898. “Formenschönheit und Dekorative Kunst.” 1. Die Freude an die Form. Dekorative Kunst: Eine Illustrierte Zeitschrift für Angewandte Kunst München. Verlagsanstalt F. Bruckmann A.-G. Band 1.
Ewald, Oscar. 1908. “German Philosophy in 1907.” Philosophical Review 17 (4):400426.
Fadiga, Luciano, Pavesi, L. G., and Rizzolatti, Giacomo. 1996. “Motor Facilitation during Observation: A Magnetic Simulation Study.” Journal of Neurophysiology 73:26082611.
Focus section onThe Emotional Economy of Science2009. Isis 100:4.
Gallese, Vittorio and Goldman, Alvin. 1998. “Mirror neurons and the simulation theory of mind reading.” Trends in Cognitive Science 2:493501.
Gallese, Vittorio. 2001. “The ‘Shared Manifold’ Hypothesis: From Mirror Neurons to Empathy.” Journal of Consciousness Studies 8:3350.
Groos, Karl. 1902. Der aesthetische Genuss. Giessen: J. Ricker.
Groos, Karl. 1909. “Das ästhetische Miterleben und die Empfindungen aus dem Körperinnern.” Zeitschrift für Äsethik u. allgem. Kunstwissenschaft IV 9 (2):161–82.
Harrington, Anne. 1996. Reenchanted Science: Holism in German Culture from Wilhelm II to Hitler. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.
Hirzig, Rebecca. 2006. Suffering for Science: Reason and Sacrifice in Modern America. Rutgers NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Iacoboni, Marco, Molnar-Szakacs, I., Gallese, Vittorio, Buccino, G., Mazziotta, J. C., and Rizzolatti, Giacomo. 2005. “Grasping the Intentions of Others with One's Own Mirror Neuron System.” PLoS Biology 3 (3):529535.
Iacoboni, Marco. 2008. Mirroring People: The New Science of How We Connect with Others. New York: Farrar, Straus, Giroux.
Iacoboni, Marco. 2009. “Imitation, Empathy, and Mirror Neurons.” Annual Review of Psychology 60:653670.
Jarzombek, Mark. 2000. The Psychologizing of Modernity: Art, Architecture, and History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Keysers, Christian, Wicker, Bruno, Gazzola, Valeria, Anton, Jean-Luc, Fogassi, Leonardo, & Gallese, Vittorio. 2004. “A Touching Sight SII/PV Activation during the Observation and Experience of Touch.” Neuron 42:335346.
Keysers, Christian and Gazzola, Valeria. 2010. “Mirror Neurons Reported in Humans.” Current Biology 20:R353R354.
Koss, Juliet. 2010. Modernism after Wagner. Minneapolis: University of Minneapolis Press.
Lanzoni, Susan. 2006. “Diagnosing with Feeling: The Clinical Assessment of Schizophrenia in early Twentieth Century European Psychiatry.” In Emotions, Medicine and Disease, 1750–1950, edited by Alberti, Fay Bound, 169190. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Lanzoni, Susan. 2009. “Practicing Psychology in the Art Gallery: Vernon Lee's Aesthetics of Empathy.” Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 45 (4):330354.
Lee, Vernon and Anstruther-Thomson, Clementina. 1897. “Beauty and Ugliness.” Contemporary Review 72 (Oct./Nov.):544569; 669–688.
Lee, Vernon and Anstruther-Thomson, Clementina. 1912. Beauty and Ugliness and Other Studies in Psychological Aesthetics. London: John Lane, Bodley Head.
Leys, Ruth. 2011a. “The Turn to Affect: A Critique.” Critical Inquiry 37 (3):434472.
Leys, Ruth. 2011b. “II Affect and Intention: A Reply to William E. Connolly.” Critical Inquiry 37 (4):799805.
Lipps, Theodor. 1900. “Dritter äesthetischer Litteraturbericht” III, Archiv für Systematische Philosophie 6 (3):377409.
Lipps, Theodor. [1903a] 1923. Grundlegung der Ästhetik Vol. 1. Leipzig: Verlag Leopold Voss.
Lipps, Theodor. 1903b. Leitfaden der Psychologie. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann.
Lipps, Theodor. [1906a] 1920. Aesthetik: Psychologie des Schönen und der Kunst. Die ästhetische Betrachtung und die bildende Kunst. Vol. 2. Leipzig: Leopold Voss.
Lipps, Theodor. 1906b. “Die Wege de Psychologie.” Atti del V. Congresso Internazionale di Psicologia tenuto in Roma dal 26 al 30 Aprile 1905, edited by Sante de Sanctis. Roma: Forzani.
Makkreel, Rudolf. 2000. “From Simulation to Structural Transposition: A Diltheyean Critique of Empathy and Defense of Verstehen.” In Empathy and Agency: The Problem of Understanding in the Human Sciences, edited by Kögler, Hans Herbert and Steuber, Karsten, 181193. Boulder: Westview Press.
Mallgrave, Harry and Ikonomou, Eleftherios, eds. 1994. Empathy, Form, and Space: Problems in German Aesthetics, 1873–1893. Santa Monica CA: Getty Center for the History of Art and the Humanities.
Massumi, Brian, 2002. Parables for the Virtual: Movement, Affection, Sensation. Durham NC: Duke University Press.
Morawski, Jill. 1997. “Educating the Emotions: Academic Psychology, Textbooks, and the Psychology Industry, 1890–1940.” In Inventing the Psychological: Towards a Cultural History of Emotional Life in America, edited by Pfister, Joel and Schnog, Nancy, 217244. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Müller-Tamm, Jutta. 2005. Abstraktion als Einfühlung. Zur Denkfigur der Projektion in Psychophysiologie, Kulturtheorie, Ästhetik und Literatur der frühen Moderne. Freiburg im Breisgau: Rombach Verlag.
Myers, Charles S. 1909. Text-Book of Experimental Psychology. London: Edward Arnold.
Plamper, Jan. 2010. “The History of Emotions: An Interview with William Reddy, Barbara Rosenwein and Peter Stearns.” History and Theory 49:237265.
Rancière, Jacques. 2009. The Emancipated Spectator. London: Verso.
Reddy, William M. 2001. The Navigation of Feeling: A Framework for the History of Emotions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Riskin, Jessica. 2002. Science in the Age of Sensibility: The Sentimental Empiricists of the French Enlightenment. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Rizzolatti, Giacomo, Fadiga, Luciano, Gallese, Vittorio, and Fogassi, Leonardo. 1996. “Premotor cortex and the recognition of motor actions.” Cognitive Brain Research 3 (2):131141.
Rosenwein, Barbara H. 2002. “Worrying About Emotions in History.” American Historical Review 107 (3):821845.
Scheler, Max. 1923. Wesen und Formen der Sympathie. Bonn: F. Cohen.
Scheler, Max. 1970. The Nature of Sympathy, translated by Heath, Peter. Hamden CT: Archon Books.
Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky and Frank, Adam, eds. 1995. A Silvan Tomkins Reader. Durham NC: Duke University Press.
Singer, Tania, Seymour, Ben, O'Dougherty, John P., Stephan, Klaas E., Dolan, Raymond J., and Frith, Chris D.. 2006. “Empathic Neural Responses Are Modulated by the Perceived Fairness of Others.” Nature 439:466469.
Smith, Roger. 1992. Inhibition: History and Meaning in the Sciences of Mind and Brain. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Stearns, Peter N. and Lewis, Jan. 1998. An Emotional History of the United States. New York: New York University Press.
Takahashi, Hidehiko, Kato, Motichiro, Matsuura, Masato, Mobbs, Dean, Suhara, Tetsuya, and Okubo, Yoshiro. 2009. “When your Gain is my Pain and your Pain is my Gain: Neural Correlates of Envy and Schadenfreude.” Science 323 (5916):937939.
Theunissen, Michael. 1986. The Other: Studies in the Social Ontology of Husserl, Heidegger, Sartre and Buber. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.
Titchener, Edward B. 1909. The Experimental Psychology of the Thought Processes. New York: MacMillan.
Vaage, Margrethe Bruun. 2007. “Empathie. Zur episodischen Struktur der Teilhabe am Spielfilm.” montage/AV 16:1.
Vicedo, Marga. 2009. “The Father of Ethology and the Foster Mother of Ducks: Konrad Lorenz as an Expert on Motherhood.” Isis 100:263291.
Weidman, Nadine. 2011. “Popularizing the Ancestry of Man: Robert Ardrey and the Killer Instinct.” Isis 102:269299.
Wicker, Bruno, Keysers, Christian, Plailly, Jane, Royet, Jean-Pierre, Gallese, Vittorio, and Rizzolatti, Giacomo. 2003. “Both of Us Disgusted in My Insula: The Common Neural Basis of Seeing and Feeling Disgust.” Neuron 40:655664.
Worringer, Wilhelm. 1908. Abstraktion and Einfühlung: Ein Beitrag zur Stilpsychologie. München: R. Piper. Translated in 1967 as Abstraction and Empathy: A Contribution to the Psychology of Style. New York: International Universities Press.
Wulff, Hans J. 2003. “Empathie als Dimension des Filmverstehens: Ein Thesenpapier.” Montage/AV 12 (1):136161.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Science in Context
  • ISSN: 0269-8897
  • EISSN: 1474-0664
  • URL: /core/journals/science-in-context
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed