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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Schmidt, Kirsten 2011. Concepts of Animal Welfare in Relation to Positions in Animal Ethics. Acta Biotheoretica, Vol. 59, Issue. 2, p. 153.

    Jackson, Emily 2008. Secularism, Sanctity and the Wrongness of Killing. BioSocieties, Vol. 3, Issue. 2, p. 125.

    Aaltola, Elisa 2005. ANIMAL ETHICS AND INTEREST CONFLICTS. Ethics & the Environment, Vol. 10, Issue. 1, p. 19.


Medicine, Animal Experimentation, and the Moral Problem of Unfortunate Humans

  • R. G. Frey (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 January 2009

We live in an age of great scientific and technological innovation, and what seemed out of the question or at least very doubtful only a few years ago, today lies almost within our grasp. In no area is this more true than that of human health care, where lifesaving and life-enhancing technologies have given, or have the enormous potential in the not so distant future to give, relief from some of the most terrible human illnesses. On two fronts in particular, xenograft or cross-species transplantation and genetic engineering of animals on behalf of gene therapy in humans, such relief appears very promising, if not actually on the horizon. Certainly, extensive research work on both fronts is underway both in the United States and abroad.

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Rebecca Malouin , “Surgeons' Quest for Life: The History and the Future of Xenotransplantation,” Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, vol. 37 (1994), pp. 416–28

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Carruthers, The Animals Issue (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).

H. Lansdell , “The Three R's: A Restrictive and Refutable Rigmarole,” Ethics and behavior, vol. 3 (1993), pp. 177–85.

Tom L. Beauchamp , “The Moral Standing of Animals in Medical Research,” Journal of Law, Medicine, and Ethics, vol. 20 (1992), pp. 716.

Judith de Luce and Hugh T. Wilder , eds., Language in Primates: Perspectives and Implications (New York: Springer-Verlag, 1983)

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Social Philosophy and Policy
  • ISSN: 0265-0525
  • EISSN: 1471-6437
  • URL: /core/journals/social-philosophy-and-policy
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