Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

THE MORALITY OF SANCTIONS

  • James Pattison (a1)
Abstract
Abstract:

Economic sanctions have been subject to extensive criticism. They are often seen as indiscriminate, intending the harms that they inflict, and using the suffering of the innocent as a means to enact policy change. Indeed, some reject outright the permissibility of economic sanctions. By contrast, in this essay, I defend the case for economic sanctions. I argue that sanctions are not necessarily morally problematic and, in doing so, argue that sanctions are less morally problematic than is often claimed. I go on to argue that sanctions may sometimes be morally preferable to the leading alternatives and, in particular, to wars and doing nothing. This is in part because sanctions are more likely to distribute fairly the currently inevitable harms to innocents of tackling aggression and mass atrocities. In the final part of the essay, I draw on this point to argue more generally that that we should often favor a “Harm-Distribution Approach” in the ethics of war and peace.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      THE MORALITY OF SANCTIONS
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      THE MORALITY OF SANCTIONS
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      THE MORALITY OF SANCTIONS
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Robert Pape , “Why Economic Sanctions Do Not Work,” International Security 22, no. 2 (1997): 90136.

Adam Winkler , “Just Sanctions,” Human Rights Quarterly 21, no. 1 (1999): 133–55.

Robert W. McGee , “The Ethics of Economic Sanctions,” Economic Affairs 23, no. 4 (2003): 4145.

James Pattison , Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility to Protect: Who Should Intervene? (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010).

David A. Baldwin , “The Sanctions Debate and the Logic of Choice,” International Security 24, no. 3 (1999): 80107.

Tamar Meisels , “Economic Warfare: The Case of Gaza,” Journal of Military Ethics 10, no. 2 (2011): 94109

Jeff McMahan , Killing in War (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2009).

Gerhard Øverland , “602 and One Dead: On Contribution to Global Poverty and Liability to Defensive Force,” European Journal of Philosophy 21, no. 2 (2013): 279–99.

Claire Thomas , “Civilian Starvation: A Just Tactic of War?” Journal of Military Ethics 4, no. 2 (2005): 108118

Alison McIntyre , “Doing Away with Double Effect,” Ethics 111, no. 2 (2001): 219–55.

Amy Hagopian and Kathy Barker , “Should We End Military Recruiting in High Schools as a Matter of Child Protection and Public Health?” American Journal of Public Health 101, no. 1 (2011): 1923

Lawrence Korb and Sean Duggan , “An All-Volunteer Army? Recruitment and its Problems,” Political Science & Politics 40, no. 3 (2007): 467–71.

Jeff McMahan , “The Just Distribution of Harm Between Combatants and Noncombatants” Philosophy & Public Affairs 38, no. 4 (2010): 342–79.

James Pattison , “Bombing the Beneficiaries: The Distribution of the Costs of the Responsibility to Protect and Humanitarian Intervention,” in Don Scheid , ed., The Ethics of Armed Humanitarian Intervention (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014), 113–30.

Margaret P. Doxey , International Sanctions in Contemporary Perspective, 2nd ed. (London: MacMillan, 1996), 6670.

Jeff McMahan , “What Rights May be Defended by Means of War?” in Cecile Fabre and Seth Lazar , eds., The Morality of Defensive War (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014), 115–56

Simon Caney , “Cosmopolitan Justice, Responsibility and Climate Change,” Leiden Journal of International Law 18, no. 4 (2005): 747–75

Edward Page , “Distributing the Burdens of Climate Change,” Environmental Politics 17, no. 4 (2008): 556–75

Henry Shue , “Global Environment and International Inequality,” International Affairs 75, no. 3 (1999): 531–45.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Social Philosophy and Policy
  • ISSN: 0265-0525
  • EISSN: 1471-6437
  • URL: /core/journals/social-philosophy-and-policy
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 6
Total number of PDF views: 117 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 228 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 24th May 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.