Abe, A. K. (2011) ‘Measurement of poverty and social exclusion in Japan’, paper presented at the Second Peter Townsend Memorial Conference, Measuring Poverty: The State of the Art, Bristol, 22–23 January.
Adams, N., Barton, A., Bray, S., Johnson, G. and Matejic, P. (2010) Households Below Average Income: An Analysis of the Income Distribution 1994/95 to 2008/09, London: Department for Work and Pensions, Office for National Statistics.
Ballas, D., Dorling, D., Nakaya, T., Tunstall, H. and Hanaoka, K. (2011) Social Cohesion in Britain and Japan: A Comparative Study of Two Island Economies, Daiwa Anglo-Japanese Foundation end of award report, Project ref: 8006/8599 (copies available on request, firstname.lastname@example.org).
Bauer, J. and Mason, A. (1992) ‘The distribution of income and wealth in Japan’, Review of Income and Wealth, 38, 4, 403–28.
Brinckmann, H. (2008) Showa Japan: The Post-War Golden Age and Its Troubled Legacy, Tokyo: Tuttle Publishing.
Burniaux, J., Dang, T., Fore, D., Förster, M., Mira d'Ercole, M. and Oxley, H. (1998), Income Distribution and Poverty in Selected OECD Countries, Working Paper No.189, Paris: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, http://www.oecd.org/tax/publicfinanceandfiscalpolicy/1864447.pdf [accessed 04.08.2012].
Chiavacci, D. (2008) ‘From class struggle to general middle-class society to divided society: Societal models of inequality in postwar Japan’, Social Science Japan Journal, 11, 1, 5–27.
Chiavacci, D. (2010) ‘Divided society model and social cleavages in Japanese politics: no alignment by social class, but dealignment of rural–urban split’, Contemporary Japan, 22, 1/2, 47–74.
Else, E. (2012) ‘Of wealth and health’, New Scientist, 28 July.
Förster, M. and Mira d'Ercole, M. (2005) Income Distribution and Poverty in OECD Countries in the Second Half of the 1990s, OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers No. 22, Paris: OECD.
Frank, R. (2007) Falling Behind: How Rising Inequality Harms the Middle Class, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Freeth, S. and Sowman, P. (2005) The Family Resources Survey: Report of the 2001 Census-Linked Study of Survey Non-Response, London: Office for National Statistics.
Funaoka, F. (2001) ‘Investigation on income differentials in Japan’, Economic Research, 52, 2, 117–31 (in Japanese).
Hamada, K., Kashyap, A. K. and Weinstein, D. (eds.) (2011) Japan's Bubble, Deflation and Long-term Stagnation, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Jacobs, D. (2000) ‘Low inequality with low redistribution? An analysis of income distribution in Japan, South Korea and Taiwan compared to Britain’, CASE paper 33, Centre of Analysis of Social Exclusion, London: London School of Economics.
Jones, R. S. (2007) Income Inequality, Poverty and Social Spending in Japan, OECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 556, Paris: OECD.
Mira d'Ercole, M. (2006) ‘Income inequality and poverty in OECD countries: how does Japan compare?’, The Japanese Journal of Social Security Policy, 5, 1, 1–15.
Moriguchi, C. and Saez, E. (2008) ‘The evolution of income concentration in Japan, 1886–2005: evidence from income tax statistics’, The Review of Economics and Statistics, 90, 4, 713–34.
Nishizaki, F., YamadaY. and Ando, E. Y. and Ando, E. (1997) ‘Income Distribution and Poverty in Japan’, Discussion Paper no. 80, Economic Research Institute, Tokyo: Economic Planning Agency.
OECD (2011a) Social Justice in the OECD – How Do the Member States Compare? Sustainable Governance Indicators 2011, Gütersloh, Germany: Bertelsmann Stiftung.
Picketty, T. and Saez, E. (2006) ‘The evolution of top incomes: a historical and international perspective’, American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, 96, 2, 200–5.
Rebick, M. E. (2007) ‘Review of “Nihon no Fubyōdō” by F. Ohtake’, Social Science Japan Journal, 10, 1, 151–4.
Sanandaji, N., Malm, A. and Sanandaji, T. (2010) The Spirit Illusion: A critical Analysis of How ‘The Spirit Level’ Compares Countries, London: The Tax Payers Alliance.
Saunders, P. (2010) Beware False Prophets: Equality, the Good Society and the Spirit Level, London: Policy Exchange.
Saxonhouse, G. and Stern, R. (eds.) (2004) Japan's Lost Decade: Origins, Consequences and Prospects for Recovery, Bodmin: Blackwell.
Snowdon, C. J. (2010) The Spirit Level Delusion: Fact-checking the Left's New Theory of Everything, London: Democracy Institute/Little Dice.
Tachibanaki, T. (1998) Confronting Income Inequality in Japan, reprint, Boston: MIT Press, 2008.
Tachibanaki, T. (2006) ‘Inequality and poverty in Japan’, The Japanese Economic Review, 57, 1, 1–27.
United Nations (2011) Human Development Report 2011 – Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All, New York: Palgrave.
Wilkinson, R. and Pickett, K. (2009) The Spirit Level: Why Equality Is Better for Everyone, London: Allen Lane.
Yamada, A., Shikata, M., Tanaka, S. and Komamura, K. (2010) ‘Poverty standard by OECD, standard by “Seikatsu Hogo” in Japan, and equivalence scale’, Hinkon-kenkyu (Journal of Poverty), 4, 55–66 (in Japanese).
Yamada, A., Komamura, K., Shikata, M. and Tanaka, S. (2011) ‘Means-testing: how it affects the take-up of public assistance in Japan’,Mita Journal of Economics, 110, 573–586 (in Japanese).
Yonezawa, K. and Kaneko, J. (2007) ‘The distributions of the employee's household income among Japanese official surveys’, Statistics (Toukei), 93, 20–34 (in Japanese).