Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Social Rights of EU Migrant Citizens: Britain and Germany Compared

  • Cecilia Bruzelius (a1), Elaine Chase (a2) and Martin Seeleib-Kaiser (a3)
Abstract

European migrant citizens and their social rights are strongly contested in British political debate. This article seeks to challenge some common concerns and perceptions regarding the exceptionality of the British welfare state and the alleged ‘costs’ to it from intra-EU migration. The article first provides a brief overview of the foundations for EU citizenship and associated social rights, highlighting the semi-sovereign nature of welfare states in the European Union. It then (i) rejects the significance of the often-claimed difference between contributory and non-contributory welfare states in the context of EU migration; and (ii) challenges concerns about the costs of EU migration. The article contrasts the experiences of Britain and Germany. It concludes by considering how concerns often associated with EU migration can be addressed by improving administrative and state capacities.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Andor, L. (2015) ‘Fair Mobility in Europe’, Occasional Paper, London: Social Europe and Friedrich Ebert Stiftung.
BMI and BMAS (2014) ‘Abschlussbericht des Staatssekretärsausschusses zu “Rechtsfragen und Herausforderungen bei der Inanspruchnahme der sozialen Sicherungssysteme durch Angehörige der EU-Mitgliedstaaten”’, Berlin.
Boffey, D. (2014) ‘Firms flouting the minimum wage not prosecuted in the past year’, The Observer, 22 November.
Blitz, B. K. (2014) Migration and Freedom: Mobility, Citizenship and Exclusion, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Bruzelius, C., Chase, E., Hauser, C. and Seeleib-Kaiser, M. (2014) The Social Construction of European Citizenship and Associated Social Rights, Barnett Paper in Social Research, 14–01, Oxford: University of Oxford.
Brücker, H., Hauptmann, A. and Vallizadeh, E. (2013) ‘Zuwanderer aus Bulgarien und Rumänien Arbeitsmigration oder Armutsmigration?’, IAB-Kurzbericht 2013.
Cameron, D. (2013) ‘David Cameron's EU speech about plans for a referendum on British membership of the European Union’, The Guardian, 23 January.
Cousins, M. (2007) ‘Social security, social assistance, and “special non-contributory benefits”: the never-ending story’, European Journal of Social Security, 9, 1, 95106.
Creative Research (2013) Qualitative Assessment of Visitor and Migrant Use of the NHS in England: Observations from the Front Line, London: Creative Research.
Dustmann, C. and Frattini, T. (2014) ‘The fiscal effects of immigration to the UK’, The Economic Journal, 124, 580, 593643.
Department for Work and Pensions (2012) National Insurance Number Allocations to Adult Overseas Nationals Entering the UK – Registrations to March 2012, London: Department for Work and Pensions, https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/national-insurance-number-allocations-to-adult-overseas-nationals-entering-the-uk [accessed 07.09.2015].
Esping-Andersen, G. (1990) The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism, Cambridge: Polity Press.
European Commission (2014a) ‘European Commission upholds free movement of people’, press release, 25 November.
European Commission (2014b) ‘Labour mobility within the EU’, press release, 25 September.
Eurostat (2014) Population on 1 January by Five Year Age Group, Sex and Citizenship, Brussels: Eurostat.
Ferragina, E. and Seeleib-Kaiser, M. (2011) ‘Thematic review – welfare regime debate: past, present, futures?’, Policy and Politics, 39, 4, 583611.
Hantrais, L. (2007) Social Policy in the European Union, 3rd edn, Basingstoke: Palgrave.
HM Government (2014) Review of the Balance of Competences between the United Kingdom and the European Union Single Market: Free Movement of Persons, https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/335088/SingleMarketFree_MovementPersons.pdf [accessed 10.12.2014].
House of Commons European Scrutiny Committee (2014) The Application of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights in the UK: A State of Confusion, 43rd Report of Session 2013–14, HC979, London: The Stationery Office.
ICF and GHK (2013) A Fact Finding Analysis on the Impact on the Member States’ Social Security Systems of the Entitlements of Non-Active Intra-EU migrants to Special Non-Contributory Cash Benefits and Healthcare Granted on the Basis of Residence, DG Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion via DG Justice Framework Contract, Final report submitted by ICF GHK in association with Milieu Ltd, 14 October 2013 (revised on 16 December 2013), http://ec.europa.eu/commission_2010-2014/andor/headlines/news/2013/10/20131014_en.htm [accessed 03.01.2015].
Kennedy, S. (2014) Child Benefit and Child Tax Credit for Children Resident in Other EEA Countries, Commons Briefing papers SN06561, London: House of Commons.
Leibfried, S. and Pierson, P. (1995) ‘Semi-sovereign welfare states: social policy in a multitiered Europe’, in Leibfried, S. and Pierson, P. (eds.), European Social Policy: Between Fragmentation and Integration, Washington, DC: Brookings, pp. 4377.
O’Shea, T. (2011) ‘Tax avoidance and abuse of EU law’, EC Tax Journal, 11, 2.3, 77115.
Pennings, F. (2012) ‘EU citizenship: access to social benefits in other EU member states’, The International Journal of Comparative Labour Law and Industrial Relations, 28, 3, 307–34.
The Economist (2013) ‘Migrant benefits: once more unto the breach’, 9 March.
Warrell, H. (2015) ‘Ruthless UK employers trap migrants in modern-day slavery’, Financial Times, 12 August.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Social Policy and Society
  • ISSN: 1474-7464
  • EISSN: 1475-3073
  • URL: /core/journals/social-policy-and-society
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 36
Total number of PDF views: 293 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 799 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 17th August 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.