This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
N. Abrahamsson , & K Hyltenstam . (2009). Age of onset and nativelikeness in a second language: Listener perception versus linguistic scrutiny. Language Learning, 59, 249–306.
S. J. Andringa , N. M. Olsthoorn , C. G. Van Beuningen , R. Schoonen , & J. H Hulstijn . (2012). Determinants of success in native and nonnative listening comprehension: An individual differences approach. Language Learning, 62(s2), 28–48.
E. Bialystok , & B Miller . (1999). The problem of age in second language acquisition: Influences from language, structure, and task. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 2, 127–145.
D Birdsong . (1992). Ultimate attainment in second language acquisition. Language, 68, 706–756.
D Birdsong . (2005). Nativelikeness and nonnativelikeness in L2A research. International Review of Applied Linguistics, 43, 319–328.
D Birdsong . (2007). Nativelike pronunciation among late learners of French as a second language. In O. Bohn & M. J. Munro (Eds.), Second language speech learning: The role of language experience in speech perception and production (pp. 99–116). Amsterdam: Benjamins.
D. Birdsong , & M Molis . (2001). On the evidence for maturational constraints in second-language acquisition. Journal of Memory and Language, 44, 235–249.
T. Bongaerts , S. Mennen , & F Van der Slik . (2000). Authenticity of pronunciation in naturalistic second language acquisition: The case of very advanced late learners of Dutch as a second language. Studia Linguistica, 54, 298–308.
T. Bongaerts , C. Van Summeren , B. Planken , & E Schils . (1997). Age and ultimate attainment in the pronunciation of a foreign language. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 19, 447–465.
R Coppieters . (1987). Competence differences between native and near-native speakers. Language, 63, 544–573.
E Dąbrowska . (1997). The LAD goes to school: A cautionary tale for nativists. Linguistics, 35, 735–766.
E Dąbrowska . (2008). The later development of an early-emerging system: The curious case of the Polish genitive. Linguistics, 46, 629–650.
E Dąbrowska . (2012). Different speakers, different grammars: Individual differences in native language attainment. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism, 2, 219–253.
E. Dąbrowska , & J Street . (2006). Individual differences in language attainment: Comprehension of passive sentences by native and non-native English speakers. Language Sciences, 28, 604–615.
R DeKeyser . (2013). Age effects in second language learning: Stepping stones toward better understanding. Language Learning, 63(s1), 52–67.
F Ferreira . (2003). The misinterpretation of noncanonical sentences. Cognitive Psychology, 47, 164–203.
J. E. Flege , D. Birdsong , E. Bialystok , M. Mack , H. Sung , & K Tsukada . (2006). Degree of foreign accent in English sentences produced by Korean children and adults. Journal of Phonetics, 34, 153–175.
J. E. Flege , M. J. Munro , & I. R. A MacKay . (1995). Factors affecting degree of perceived foreign accent in a second language. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 97, 3125–3134.
J. E. Flege , G. H. Yeni-Komshian , & S Liu . (1999). Age constraints on second-language acquisition. Journal of Memory and Language, 41, 78–104.
S Guion . (2003). The vowel systems of Quichua-Spanish bilinguals: Age of acquisition effects on the mutual influence of the first and second languages. Phonetica, 60, 98–128.
S. Hazenberg , & J. H Hulstijn . (1996). Defining a minimal receptive second-language vocabulary for nonnative university students: An empirical investigation. Applied Linguistics, 17, 145–163.
J. H Hulstijn . (2011). Language proficiency in native and nonnative speakers: An agenda for research and suggestions for second-language assessment. Language Assessment Quarterly, 8, 229–249.
J. S. Johnson , & E. L Newport . (1989). Critical period effects in second language learning: The influence of maturational state on the acquisition of English as a second language. Cognitive Psychology, 21, 60–99.
B. Lee , S. Guion , & T Harada . (2006). Acoustic analysis of the production of unstressed English vowels by early and late Korean and Japanese bilinguals. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 28, 487–513.
D. Lee , & J Schachter . (1997). Sensitive period effects in binding theory. Language Acquisition, 6, 333–362.
M. H Long . (2005). Problems with supposed counter-evidence to the critical period hypothesis. International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching, 43, 287–317.
J. L McDonald . (2000). Grammaticality judgments in a second language: Influences of age of acquisition and native language. Applied Psycholinguistics, 21, 395–423.
J. L McDonald . (2006). Beyond the critical period: Processing-based explanation for poor grammaticality judgment performance by late second language learners. Journal of Memory and Language, 55, 381–401.
S. A Montrul . (2008). Incomplete acquisition in bilingualism. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
S. A. Montrul , & R Slabakova . (2003). Competence similarities between native and near-native speakers: An investigation of the preterite-imperfect contrast in Spanish. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 25, 351–398.
A Moyer . (1999). Ultimate attainment in L2 phonology: The critical factors of age, motivation and instruction. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 21, 81–108.
C Muñoz . (2008). Symmetries and asymmetries of age effects in naturalistic and instructed L2 learning. Applied Linguistics, 29, 578–596.
M. J. Munro , & V Mann . (2005). Age of immersion as a predictor of foreign accent. Applied Psycholinguistics, 26, 311–341.
S Oyama . (1976). A sensitive period for the acquisition of a nonnative phonological system. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 5, 261–285.
M. S Patkowski . (1980). The sensitive period for the acquisition of syntax in a second language. Language Learning, 30, 449–472.
J. Street , & E Dąbrowska . (2010). More individual differences in language attainment: How much do adult native speakers of English know about passives and quantifiers? Lingua, 120, 2080–2094.
K. Tsukada , D. Birdsong , E. Bialystok , M. Mack , H. Sung , & J. E Flege . (2005). A developmental study of English vowel production and perception by native Korean adults and children. Journal of Phonetics, 33, 263–290.
S. Van Boxtel , T. Bongaerts , & P Coppen . (2005). Native-like attainment of dummy subjects in Dutch and the role of the L1. International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching, 43, 355–380.
L. White , & F Genesee . (1996). How native is near-native? The issue of ultimate attainment in adult second language acquisition. Second Language Research, 12, 238–265.