Depression in the elderly. Lancet
2005; 365: 1961–70.
Depression in late life: review and commentary. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci
2003; 58: 249–65.
Katon, WJ, Lin, E, Russo, J, Un¨tzer, J.
Increased medical costs of a population–based sample of depressed elderly patients. Arch Gen Psychiatry
2003; 60: 897–903.
Birrer, RM, Vemuri, S.
Depression in late life: a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Am Fam Physician
2004; 69: 2375–82.
Fernändez, A, Haro, JM, Martinez–Alonso, M, Demyttenaere, K, Brugha, TS, Autonell, J,
Treatment adequacy for anxiety and depressive disorders in six European countries. Br J Psychiatry
2007; 190: 172–3.
Zivin, K, Kales, HC.
Adherence to depression treatment in older adults: a narrative review. Drugs Aging
2008; 25: 559–71.
Association between physical activity and mental disorder among adults in the United States. Prev Med
2003; 36: 698–703.
Barbour, KA, Blumenthal, JA.
Exercise training and depression in older adults. Neurobiol Aging
Trivedi, MH, Greer, TL, Grannemann, BD, Chambliss, HO, Jordan, AN.
Exercise as an augmentation strategy for treatment of major depression. J Psychiatr Pract
2006; 12: 205–13.
Sjösten, N, Kivelä, SL.
The effects of physical exercise on depressive symptoms among the aged: a systematic review. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry
2006; 21: 410–8.
Blake, H, Mo, P, Malik, S, Thomas, S.
How effective are physical activity interventions for alleviating depressive symptoms in older people? A systematic review. Clin Rehabil
2009; 23: 873–87.
Higgins, JPT, Green, S.
Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions (V5.0.2).
The Cochrane Collaboration, 2009.
Hedges, LV, Vevea, JL.
Fixed and random effects models in meta–analysis. Psychol Methods
1998; 3: 486–504.
Brenes, GA, Williamson, JD, Messier, SP, Rejeski, WJ, Pahor, M, Ip, E,
Treatment of minor depression in older adults: a pilot study comparing sertraline and exercise. Aging Ment Health
2007; 11: 61–8.
Ciechanowski, P, Wagner, E, Schmaling, K, Schwartz, S, Williams, B, Diehr, P,
Community–integrated home–based depression treatment in older adults: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA
2004; 291: 1569–77.
Singh, NA, Clements, KM, Singh, MAF.
The efficacy of exercise as a long–term antidepressant in elderly subjects: a randomized, controlled trial. J Gerontol A Biol
2001; 56: 479–501.
Williams, CL, Tappen, RM.
Exercise training for depressed older adults with Alzheimer's disease. Aging Ment Health
2008; 12: 72–80.
Mather, AS, Rodriguez, C, Guthrie, MF, McHarg, AM, Reid, IC, McMurdo, MET.
Effects of exercise on depressive symptoms in older adults with poorly responsive depressive disorder. Randomised controlled trial. Br J Psychiatry
2002; 180: 411–5.
Sims, J, Hill, K, Davidson, S, Gunn, J, Huang, N.
Exploring the feasibility of a community–based strength training program for older people with depressive symptoms and its impact on depressive symptoms. BMC Geriatr
2006; 6: 18.
Kerse, N, Hayman, KJ, Moyes, SA, Peri, K, Robinson, E, Dowell, A,
Home–based activity programme for older people with depressive symptoms: DeLLITE – a randomised controlled trial. Ann Fam Med
2010; 8: 214–23.
Chou, KL, Lee, PWH, Yu, ECS, Yeung–Hung Chen, DM, Chan, SSC, Chi, I.
Effect of Tai Chi on depressive symptoms amongst Chinese older patients with depressive disorders: a randomized clinical trial. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry
2004; 19: 1105–7.
Tsang, HW, Fung, KM, Chan, AS, Lee, G, Chan, F.
Effect of a Qi Gong exercise programme on elderly with depression. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry
2006; 21: 890–7.
Taylor, D, Meader, N, Bird, V, Pilling, S, Creed, F, Goldberg, D.
Pharmacological interventions for people with depression and chronic physical health problems: systematic review and meta–analyses of safety and efficacy. Br J Psychiatry
2011; 198: 179–88.
Cuijpers, P, van Straten, A, Bohlmeijer, E, Hollon, D, Anderson, G.
The effects of psychotherapy for adult depression are overestimated: a meta–analysis of study qualirty and effect size. Psychol Med
2010; 40: 211–23.