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Effective treatment of perinatal depression for women in debt and lacking financial empowerment in a low-income country

  • Atif Rahman (a1), Siham Sikander (a2), Abid Malik (a3), Ikhlaque Ahmed (a2), Barbara Tomenson (a4) and Francis Creed (a4)...
Abstract
Background

Poverty may moderate the effect of treatment of depression in low-income countries.

Aims

To assess poverty and lack of empowerment as moderators of a cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT)-based intervention for perinatal depression in rural Pakistan.

Method

Using secondary analysis of data from a randomised controlled trial (trial registration: ISRCTN65316374) we identified predictors of depression at 1-year follow-up and moderators of the intervention (n=791).

Results

Predictors of follow-up depression included household debt, the participant not being empowered to manage household finance and the interaction terms for these variables with the trial arm. Effect sizes for women with and without household debt were 0.80 and 0.55 respectively. The effect size for women in debt and not empowered financially was 0.94 compared with 0.50 for women with neither of these factors.

Conclusions

Our findings demonstrate the importance of household debt and lack of financial empowerment of women as important maintaining factors of depression in low-income countries and our locally developed intervention tackled these problems successfully.

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Copyright
Royal College of Psychiatrists, This paper accords with the Wellcome Trust Open Access policy and is governed by the licence available athttp://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/pdf/Wellcome%20Trust%20licence.pdf
Corresponding author
Francis Creed, School of Community Based Medicine, 3rd floor, Jean McFarlane Building, University Place, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK. Email: francis.creed@manchester.ac.uk
Footnotes
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Declaration of interest

None.

Footnotes
References
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Effective treatment of perinatal depression for women in debt and lacking financial empowerment in a low-income country

  • Atif Rahman (a1), Siham Sikander (a2), Abid Malik (a3), Ikhlaque Ahmed (a2), Barbara Tomenson (a4) and Francis Creed (a4)...
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