Bourque, F, van der Ven, E, Malla, A.
A meta-analysis of the risk for psychotic disorders among first- and second-generation immigrants. Psychol Med
2011; 41: 897–910.
Fearon, P, Kirkbride, JB, Morgan, C, Dazzan, P, Morgan, K, Lloyd, T, et al.
Incidence of schizophrenia and other psychoses in ethnic minority groups: results from the MRC AESOP Study. Psychol Med
2006; 36: 1541–50.
Cochrane, R, Bal, SS.
Mental hospital admission rates of immigrants to England: a comparison of 1971 and 1981. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol
1989; 24: 2–11.
King, M, Coker, ME, Leavey, G, Hoare, A, Johnson-Sabine, E.
Incidence of psychotic illness in London: comparison of ethnic groups. BMJ
1994; 309: 1115–9.
Kirkbride, JB, Barker, D, Cowden, F, Stamps, R, Yang, M, Jones, PB, et al.
Psychoses, ethnicity and socio-economic status. Br J Psychiatry
2008; 193: 18–24.
Veling, W, Selten, J-P, Susser, E, Laan, W, Mackenbach, JP, Hoek, HW.
Discrimination and the incidence of psychotic disorders among ethnic minorities in The Netherlands. Int J Epidemiol
2007; 36: 761–8.
March, D, Hatch, SL, Morgan, C, Kirkbride, JB, Bresnahan, M, Fearon, P, et al.
Psychosis and place. Epidemiol Rev
2008; 30: 84–100.
Boydell, J, Van Os, J, McKenzie, K, Allardyce, J, Goel, R, McCreadie, RG, et al.
Incidence of schizophrenia in ethnic minorities in London: ecological study into interactions with environment. BMJ
2001; 323: 1336–9.
Bécares, L, Nazroo, J, Stafford, M.
The buffering effects of ethnic density on experienced racism and health. Health Place
2009; 15: 670–8.
Kirkbride, JB, Morgan, C, Fearon, P, Dazzan, P, Murray, RB, Jones, PB.
Neighbourhood-level effects on psychoses: re-examining the role of context. Psychol Med
2007; 37: 1413–25.
Veling, W, Susser, E, van Os, J, Mackenbach, JP, Selten, J-P, Hoek, HW.
Ethnic density of neighborhoods and incidence of psychotic disorders among immigrants. Am J Psychiatry
2008; 165: 66–73.
Schofield, P, Ashworth, M, Jones, M.
Ethnic isolation and psychosis: re-examining the ethnic density effect. Psychol Med
2011; 41: 1263–9.
Bhui, K, Stansfeld, S, Hull, S, Priebe, S, Mole, F, Feder, G.
Ethnic variations in pathways to and use of specialist mental health services in the UK: systematic review. Br J Psychiatry
2003; 182: 105–16.
Bebbington, P, Nayani, V.
The Psychosis Screening Questionnaire. Int J Soc Psychiatr Res
1995; 5: 11–9.
van Os, J, Hanssen, M, Bijl, RV, Vollebergh, W.
Prevalence of psychotic disorder and community level of psychotic symptoms: an urban-rural comparison. Arch Gen Psychiatry
2001; 58: 663–8.
King, M, Nazroo, J, Weich, S, McKenzie, K, Bhui, K, Karlson, S, et al.
Psychotic symptoms in the general population of England. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol
2005; 40: 375–81.
Dominguez, MDG, Wichers, M, Lieb, R, Wittchen, HU, Van Os, J.
Evidence that onset of clinical psychosis is an outcome of progressively more persistent subclinical psychotic experiences: an 8-year cohort study. Schizophr Bull
2011; 37: 84–93.
Morgan, C, Charalambides, M, Hutchinson, G, Murray, RM.
Migration, ethnicity, and psychosis: toward a sociodevelopmental model. Schizophr Bull
2010; 36: 655–64.
Sproston, J, Nazroo, J.
Ethnic Minority Psychiatric Illness Rates in the Community (EMPIRIC): Quantitative Report.
TSO (The Stationery Office), 2002.
Office of Population Censuses and Surveys. Census Definitions Great Britain. OPCS, 1992.
Bhui, K, Stansfeld, S, McKenzie, K, Karlsen, S, Nazroo, J, Weich, S.
Racial/ethnic discrimination and common mental disorders among workers: findings from the EMPIRIC study of ethnic minority groups in the United Kingdom. Am J Public Health
2005; 95: 496–501.
Pearlin, LI, Schooler, C.
The Structure of coping. J Health Soc Behav
1978; 19: 2–21.
Stansfeld, S, Marmot, M.
Deriving a survey measure of social support: the reliability and validity of the close persons questionnaire. Soc Sci Med
1992; 35: 1027–35.
Noble, M, Wright, G, Smith, G, Dibben, C.
Measuring multiple deprivation at the small-area level. Environ Plan A
2006; 38: 169–85.
Wing, JK, Babor, T, Brugha, T, Burke, J, Cooper, JE, Giel, R, et al.
SCAN. Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry. Arch Gen Psychiatry
1990; 47: 589–93.
Ethnicity and Mental Health: Findings from a National Community Survey. Policy Studies Institute, 1997.
Singleton, N, Bumpstead, R, O'Brien, M, Lee, A, Meltzer, H.
Psychiatric Morbidity Among Adults Living in Private Households, 2000.
TSO (The Stationery Office), 2001.
Commentary: two-phase surveys. A death is announced; no flowers please. Int J Epidemiol
2003; 32: 1078–80.
Das-Munshi, J, Becares, L, Dewey, ME, Stansfeld, SA, Prince, MJ.
Understanding the effect of ethnic density on mental health: multi-level investigation of survey data from England. BMJ
2010; 341: c5367.
Kirkwood, BR, Sterne, JAC.
Analysis of clustered data. In Essential Medical Statistics (eds Kirkwood, BR, Sterne, JAC): 355–70. Blackwell Science, 2003.
Merlo, J, Chaix, B, Yang, M, Lynch, J, Rastam, L.
A brief conceptual tutorial of multilevel analysis in social epidemiology: linking the statistical concept of clustering to the idea of contextual phenomenon. J Epidemiol Community Health
2005; 59: 443–9.
Whitley, R, Prince, M, McKenzie, K, Stewart, R.
Exploring the ethnic density effect: a qualitative study of a London electoral ward. Int J Soc Psychiatry
2006; 52: 376–91.
Dobbs, J, Green, H, Zealey, L.
Focus on Ethnicity and Religion. Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.
Tyrer, P, Nur, U, Crawford, M, Karlsen, S, MacLean, C, Rao, B, et al.
The Social Functioning Questionnaire: a rapid and robust measure of perceived functioning. Int J Soc Psychiatry
2005; 51: 265–75.
Morgan, C, Fisher, H, Hutchinson, G, Kirkbride, J, Craig, TK, Morgan, K, et al.
Ethnicity, social disadvantage and psychotic-like experiences in a healthy population based sample. Acta Psychiatr Scand
2009; 119: 226–35.
Karlsen, S, Nazroo, J, McKenzie, K, Bhui, K, Weich, S.
Racism, psychosis and common mental disorder among ethnic minority groups in England. Psychol Med
2005; 35: 1795–803.
Kirkbride, JB, Fearon, P, Morgan, C, Dazzan, P, Morgan, K, Tarrant, J, et al.
Heterogeneity in incidence rates of schizophrenia and other psychotic syndromes: findings from the 3-center AeSOP study. Arch Gen Psychiatry
2006; 63: 250–8.
McKenzie, K, van, J, Fahy, T, Jones, P, Harvey, I, Toone, B, et al.
Psychosis with good prognosis in Afro-Caribbean people now living in the United Kingdom. BMJ
1995; 311: 1325–7.
van Os, J, Linscott, RJ, Myin-Germeys, I, Delespaul, P, Krabbendam, L.
A systematic review and meta-analysis of the psychosis continuum: evidence for a psychosis proneness-persistence-impairment model of psychotic disorder. Psychol Med
2009; 39: 179–95.