Adams, D. M. & Overholser, J. C. (1992) Suicidal behavior and history of substance abuse. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 18, 343–354.
Canetto, S. S. & Sakinofsky, L. (1998) The gender paradox in suicide. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 28, 1–23.
Clayton, D. & Hills, M. (1993) Statistical Models in Epidemiology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Crombie, I. K. (1990) Can changes in the unemployment rates explain the recent changes in suicide rates in developed countries?
International Journal of Epidemiology, 19, 412–416.
Dennehy, J. A., Appleby, L., Thomas, C. S., et al (1996) Case–control study of suicide by discharged psychiatric patients. British Medical Journal, 312, 1580.
Durkheim, E. (1966) Suicide (trans. Spaulding, J. A. & Simpson, G.). New York: The Free Press.
Goldacre, M., Seagroatt, V. & Hawton, K. (1993) Suicide after discharge from psychiatric inpatient care. Lancet, 342, 283–286.
Harris, E. C. & Barraclough, B. (1997) Suicide as an outcome for mental disorders. A meta-analysis. British Journal of Psychiatry, 170, 205–228.
Heikkinen, M. E., Isometsa, E. T., Marttunen, M. J., et al (1995) Social factors in suicide. British Journal of Psychiatry, 167, 747–753.
Heikkinen, M. E., Henriksson, M. M., Isometsa, E. T., et al (1997) Recent life events and suicide in personality disorders. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 185, 373–381.
Hoyer, G. & Lund, E. (1993) Suicide among women related to number of children in marriage. Archives of General Psychiatry, 50, 134–137.
Johansson, L. M., Sundquist, J., Johansson, S. E., et al (1997) The influence of ethnicity and social and demographic factors on Swedish suicide rates. A four-year follow-up study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 32, 165–170.
Johansson, S. E. & Sundquist, J. (1997) Unemployment is an important risk factor for suicide in contemporary Sweden: an 11-year follow-up study of a cross-sectional sample of 37,789 people. Public Health, 111, 41–45.
Lewis, G. & Sloggett, A. (1998) Suicide, deprivation and unemployment: record linkage study. British Medical Journal, 317, 1283–1286.
Mortensen, P. B., Agerbo, E., Erikson, T., et al (2000) Psychiatric illness and risk factors for suicide in Denmark. Lancet, 355, 9–12.
Moscicki, E. K. (1994) Gender differences in completed and attempted suicides. Annals of Epidemiology, 4, 152–158.
Moscicki, E. K. (1997) Identification of suicide risk factors using epidemiologic studies. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 20, 499–517.
Munk-Jorgensen, P. & Mortensen, P. B. (1997) The Danish Psychiatric Central Register. Danish Medical Bulletin, 44, 82–84.
Murphy, G. E. (1998) Why women are less likely than men to commit suicide. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 39, 165–175.
Rossow, I. & Amundsen, A. (1995) Alcohol abuse and suicide: a 40-year prospective study of Norwegian conscripts. Addiction, 90, 685–691.
SAS Institute (1997) The PhReg procedure. In SAS/STAT Software: Changes and Enhancements through Release 6.12. Cary, NC: SAS Institute Inc.
Sundhedsstyrelsen [The Danish National Board of Health] (1992) Dødsårsagerne 1990 [Cause of Death in Denmark 1990]. Copenhagen: Sundhedsstyrelsen.
Taylor, C., Cooper, J. & Appleby, L. (1999) Is suicide risk taken seriously in heavy drinkers who harm themselves?
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 100, 309–311.
Taylor, R., Morrell, S., Slaytor, E., et al (1998) Suicide in urban New South Wales, Australia 1985–1994: socioeconomic and migrant interactions. Social Science and Medicine, 47, 1677–1686.
Westergård-Nielsen, N. (1984) A Danish Longitudinal Data Base. In Studies in Contemporary Economics. Studies in Labor Market Dynamics (ed. Westergård-Nielsen, N.). New York: Springer-Verlag.
World Health Organization (1967) Manual of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD–8). Geneva: WHO.
World Health Organization (1992) The ICD–10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders. Geneva: WHO.