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Improving quality of life for people with dementia in care homes: making psychosocial interventions work

  • Vanessa Lawrence (a1), Jane Fossey (a2), Clive Ballard (a3), Esme Moniz-Cook (a4) and Joanna Murray (a5)...
Abstract
Background

Psychosocial interventions can improve behaviour and mood in people with dementia, but it is unclear how to maximise their effectiveness or acceptability in residential settings.

Aims

To understand what underlies the successful implementation of psychosocial interventions in care homes.

Method

Systematic review and meta-synthesis of qualitative research.

Results

The synthesis of 39 qualitative papers revealed that beneficial psychosocial interventions met the needs of people with dementia to connect with others, make a meaningful contribution and reminisce. Successful implementation rested on the active engagement of staff and family and the continuing provision of tailored interventions and support. This necessitated staff time, and raised issues around priorities and risk, but ultimately helped redefine staff attitudes towards residents and the caregiving role.

Conclusions

The findings from the meta-synthesis can help to inform the development and evaluation of psychosocial interventions in care homes and support their widespread implementation in clinical settings.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
Clive Ballard, Wolfson Centre for Age-Related Diseases Clinical Trials Team, Guy's Campus, King's College London, London SE1 1UL, UK. Email: clive.ballard@kcl.ac.uk
Footnotes
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See editorial, pp. 342-343, this issue.

Declaration of interest

None.

Footnotes
References
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Improving quality of life for people with dementia in care homes: making psychosocial interventions work

  • Vanessa Lawrence (a1), Jane Fossey (a2), Clive Ballard (a3), Esme Moniz-Cook (a4) and Joanna Murray (a5)...
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