Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

Hierarchical Consequentialism

  • RE'EM SEGEV (a1)

The article considers a hierarchical theory that combines concern for two values: individual well-being – as a fundamental, first-order value – and (distributive) fairness – as a high-order value whose exclusive function is to complete the value of individual well-being by resolving internal clashes within it that occur in interpersonal conflicts. The argument for this unique conception of high-order fairness is that fairness is morally significant in itself only regarding what matters – individual well-being – and when it matters – in interpersonal conflicts in which constitutive aspects of individual well-being clash. Consequently, the proposed theory is not exposed to the claim that fairness comes at the expense of welfare. This theory is considered within a consequential framework, based on the standard version and, alternatively, on a novel interpretation of consequentialism. Thus, it refutes the claim that consequentialism does not take the distinction between persons seriously.

Hide All
Richard J. Arneson , ‘Against “Complex” Equality’, Pluralism, Justice and Equality, ed. David Miller and Michael Walzer (Oxford, 1995), pp. 226–52

M. A. Roberts , ‘A New Way of Doing the Best That We Can: Person-Based Consequentialism and the Equality Problem’, Ethics 112 (2002), pp. 315–50

Re'em Segev , ‘Second-Order Equality and Levelling Down’, Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (2009), pp. 425–43

Brad Hooker , ‘Fairness’, Ethical Theory & Moral Practice 8 (2005), pp. 329–52

Kristen Meyer , ‘How to be Consistent without Saving the Greater Number’, Philosophy & Public Affairs 34 (2006), pp. 136–46

Phillip Montague , ‘Self-Defense and Choosing between Lives’, Philosophical Studies 40 (1981), pp. 207–19

George Draper , ‘Fairness and Self-Defense’, Social Theory & Practice 19 (1993), pp. 7292

Jeff McMahan , ‘Self-Defense and the Problem of the Innocent Attacker’, Ethics 104 (1994), pp. 252–90

Re'em Segev , ‘Well-Being and Fairness in the Distribution of Scarce Health Resources’, Journal of Medicine & Philosophy 30 (2005), pp. 231–60

Derek Parfit , ‘Equality and Priority’, Ratio 10 (1997), pp. 202–21

Larry S. Temkin , ‘Egalitarianism Defended’, Ethics 113 (2003), pp. 764–82

Paula Casal , ‘Why Sufficiency Is Not Enough’, Ethics 117 (2007), pp. 296326

Re'em Segev , ‘Well-Being and Fairness’, Philosophical Studies 131 (2006), pp. 369–91

John Broome , ‘Selecting People Randomly’, Ethics 95 (1984), pp. 3855

Jens Timmermann , ‘The Individualist Lottery: How People Count, But Not Their Number’, Analysis 64 (2004), pp. 106–12

Iwao Hirose , ‘Weighted Lotteries in Life and Death Cases’, Ratio 20 (2007), pp. 4556

Thomas Christiano and Will Braynen , ‘Inequality, Injustice and Levelling Down’, Ratio 21 (2008), pp. 392420, at p. 397.

Louis Kaplow and Steven Shavell , ‘Fairness Versus Welfare’, Harvard Law Review 114 (2001), pp. 9611388

Andrew D. Williams , ‘The Revisionist Difference Principle’, Canadian Journal of Philosophy 25 (1995), pp. 257–81

Bertil Tungodden and Peter Vallentyne , ‘On the Possibility of Paretian Egalitarianism’, Journal of Philosophy 102 (2005), pp. 126–54

Andrew Mason , ‘Egalitarianism and the Leveling Down Objection’, Analysis 61 (2001), pp. 246–54

Iwao Hirose , ‘Reconsidering the Value of Equality’, Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (2009), pp. 112

Shelly Kagan , ‘The Additive Fallacy’, Ethics 99 (1988), pp. 531

Richard J. Arneson , ‘Egalitarianism and Responsibility’, Journal of Ethics 3 (1999), pp. 225–47.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

  • ISSN: 0953-8208
  • EISSN: 1741-6183
  • URL: /core/journals/utilitas
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 5
Total number of PDF views: 37 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 234 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 18th October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.