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  • Hosanna Krienke (a1)

Nineteenth-century religious ideology is adamant about the spiritual outcome that should arise from the experience of illness: “The time of sickness is a season when every afflicted person should resolve, with the assistance of God's grace that if his health be restored, he will ever afterwards live a truly religious life” (Church of England Tract Society, Manual of Instructions 8). However, sickroom visitors consistently report that, even when a patient makes such a resolution, physical recovery often coincides with a spiritual relapse. As one writer laments, “The friends of religion, whose warning and consoling voices are heard at the bed of sickness, are often compelled to witness the dispersion of their fairest prospects of good, at the period of returning health” (Fry, A Present for the Convalescent vii-viii).

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Adelene Buckland . Novel Science: Fiction and the Invention of Nineteenth-Century Geology. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2013.

Anna Fenton-Hathaway . “Gaskell's Detours: How Mary Barton, Ruth, and Cranford Redefined ‘Redundancy’.” Victorian Literature and Culture 42.2 (2014): 235–50.

Maria H. Frawley Invalidism and Identity in Nineteenth-century Britain. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2004.

Audrey Jaffe . “ Cranford and Ruth .” The Cambridge Companion to Elizabeth Gaskell. Ed. Jill L. Matus . Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2007. 4658.

Michael D. Lewis Democratic Networks and the Industrial Novel.” Victorian Studies 55.2 (Winter 2013): 243–52.

Krista Lysack . “The Productions of Time: Keble, Rossetti, and Victorian Devotional Reading.” Victorian Studies 55.3 (2013): 451–70.

Sara A. Malton Illicit Inscriptions: Reframing Forgery in Elizabeth Gaskell's Ruth .” Victorian Literature and Culture 33.1 (2005). 187202.

Jon Singleton . “The Dissonant Bible Quotation: Political and Narrative Dissension in Gaskell's Mary Barton .” ELH 78.4 (Winter 2011): 917–41.

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Victorian Literature and Culture
  • ISSN: 1060-1503
  • EISSN: 1470-1553
  • URL: /core/journals/victorian-literature-and-culture
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