Skip to main content

Characterization of Acifluorfen Tolerance in Selected Somaclones of Eastern Black Nightshade (Solanum ptycanthum)

  • Chang-Yeon Yu (a1) and John B. Masiunas (a1)

Acifluorfen tolerance in eastern black nightshade somaclones was characterized in two experiments. One experiment determined the involvement of absorption, translocation, and metabolism in acifluorfen tolerance. Less than 6% of the applied 14C-acifluorfen was absorbed. There were no differences in acifluorfen absorption between susceptible and tolerant somaclones. More 14C-acifluorfen was translocated in the susceptible than the tolerant somaclones. The susceptible somaclone did not metabolize acifluorfen while some somaclones (i.e., EBN-3A) metabolized 14C-acifluorfen. A second experiment determined the tolerance of the somaclones to oxyfluorfen, diquat, and paraquat Most acifluorfen-tolerant somaclones were tolerant to oxyfluorfen but were susceptible to diquat and paraquat One somaclone, EBN-3A, was extremely tolerant to acifluorfen, paraquat, and diquat.

Hide All
1. Becerril, J. M. and Duke, S. O. 1989. Chlorophyll synthesis in green cucumber cotyledon tissues. Pestic. Biochem. Physiol. 35:119126.
2. Deak, M., Donn, G., Feher, A., and Dudits, D. 1988. Dominant expression of a gene amplification related herbicide resistance in Medicago cell hybrids. Plant Cell Rep. 7:158161.
3. Donn, G., Tischer, E., Smith, J. A., and Goodman, H. A. 1984. Herbicide-resistant alfalfa cells: an example of gene amplification in plants. J. Mol. Appl. Genet. 2:621635.
4. Frear, D. S. and Swanson, H. R. 1973. Metabolism of substituted diphenylether herbicides in plants. I. Enzymatic cleavage of fluorodiphen in peas, Pestic. Biochem. Physiol. 3:473483.
5. Frear, D. S., Swanson, H. R., and Mansager, E. R. 1983. Acifluorfen metabolism in soybean: Diphenyl ether bond cleavage and the formation of homoglutathione, cystein, and glucose conjugate. Pestic. Biochem. Physiol. 20:299310.
6. Fuerst, E. P. and Vaughan, K. C. 1990. Mechanisms of paraquat resistance. Weed Technol. 4:150156.
7. Gorski, S. F. and Wertz, M. K. 1987. Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) and eastern black nightshade (Solanum ptycanthum) tolerance to acifluorfen. Weed Technol. 1:278281.
8. Halliwell, B. 1982. Ascorbic acid in the illuminated chloroplast. Pages 263274 in Seb, P. A. and Tolbert, B. M., eds. Ascorbic acid: chemistry, metabolism, and uses. Adv. Chem.
9. Halliwell, B. and Gutteridge, J.M.C. 1984. Oxygen toxicity, oxygen radicals, transition metals and disease. Biochem. J. 219:14.
10. Haworth, P. and Hess, F. D. 1988. The generation of singlet oxygen (1O2) by the nitrodiphenyl ether herbicide oxyfluorfen is independent of photosynthesis. Plant Physiol. 86:672676.
11. Higgins, J. M., Whitwell, T., Corbin, F. T., Carter, G. E., and Hill, H. S. 1988. Absorption, translocation, and metabolism of acifluorfen and lactofen in pitted morningglory (Ipomoea lacunosa) and ivyleaf morningglory (Ipomoea hederacea). Weed Sci. 36:141145.
12. Holt, J. S. and LeBaron, H. M. 1990. Significance and distribution of herbicide resistance. Weed Technol. 4:141149.
13. Hughes, K. W. 1983. Selection for herbicide resistance. Pages 443460 in Evans, D. A., Sharp, W. R., Ammirato, P. V., and Yamada, Y., eds. Handbook of Plant Cell Culture. Vol. 1. The MacMillan Co., New York.
14. Kunert, K. J. and Boger, P. 1987. The bleaching effect of the diphenyl ether herbicide oxyfluorfen. Weed Sci. 29:169173.
15. Lambert, R., Sandmann, G., and Boger, P. 1984. Radical formation and peroxidative activity of phytotoxic diphenyl ethers. Z. Naturforsch. 39:486491.
16. LeBaron, H. M. and McFarland, J. 1990. Herbicide resistance in weeds and crops. Pages 336352 in Green, M. B., LeBaron, H. M., and Moberg, W. K., eds. Managing Resistance to Agrochemicals. ACS, Washington, DC.
17. Matringe, M. and Scalla, R. 1987. Photoreceptors and respiratory electron flow involvement in the activity of acifluorfen-methyl and LS82–556 on nonchlorophyllous soybean cells. Pestic. Biochem. Physiol. 27:267274.
18. Moss, S. R. 1990. Herbicide cross-resistance in slender foxtail (Alopecurus myosuroides). Weed Sci. 38:492496.
19. Orr, G. L. and Hess, F. D. 1982. Mechanism of action of the diphenyl ether herbicide acifluorfen-methyl in excised cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) cotyledons. Light activation and the subsequent formation of lipophilic free radicals. Plant Physiol. 69:502507.
20. Orr, G. L. and Hogan, M. E. 1983. Enhancement of superoxide production in vivo by the diphenyl ether herbicide nitrofen. Pestic. Biochem. Physiol. 20:310318.
21. Ricotta, J. A. and Masiunas, J. B. 1992. Relationship of leaf surface characteristics to acifluorfen tolerance in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) and related species. Weed Sci. 40:402407.
22. Ritter, R. L. and Coble, H. D. 1981. Penetration, translocation, and metabolism of acifluorfen in soybean (Glycine max), common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisifolia), and common cocklebur (Xanthium pensylvanicum). Weed Sci. 29:474480.
23. Saxena, P. K. and King, J. 1988. Herbicide resistance in Datura innoxia . Plant Physiol. 86:863867.
24. Schulz, A., Wegenmayer, F., and Goodman, H. M. 1990. Genetic engineering of herbicide resistance in higher plants. Crit. Rev. Plant Sci. 9:115.
25. Sherman, T. D., Becerril, J. M., Matsumoto, H., Duke, M. V., Jacobs, J. M., Jacobs, N. J., and Duke, S. O. 1991. Physiological basis for differential sensitivities of plant species to protoporphyrinogeninhibiting herbicides. Plant Physiol. 97:280287.
26. Shimabukuro, R. H. and Hoffer, B. L. 1991. Metabolism of diclofopmethyl in susceptible and resistant biotypes of Lolium rigidum . Pestic. Biochem. Physiol. 39:251260.
27. Singer, S. R. and McDaniel, C. N. 1985. Selection of glyphosate-tolerant tobacco calli and the expression of this tolerance in regenerated plants. Plant Physiol. 78:411416.
28. Smith, C. M., Pratt, D., and Thompson, G. A. 1986. Increased 5-enolpyruvylshikimic acid 3-phosphate synthase activity in a glyphosate-tolerant variant strain of tomato cells. Plant Cell Rep. 5:198301.
29. Teasdale, J. R. 1987. Selectivity of diphenyl ether herbicides between tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) and eastern black nightshade (Solanum ptycanthum). Weed Technol. 1:165167.
30. Vaughn, K. C., Vaughn, M. A., and Camilleri, P. 1989. Lack of cross-resistance of paraquat-resistant hairy fleabane (Conyza bonariensis) to other toxic oxygen generators indicates enzymatic protection is not the resistance mechanism. Weed Sci. 37:511.
31. Witkowski, D. A. and Hailing, B. P. 1989. Inhibition of plant protoporphyrinogen oxidase by the herbicide acifluorfen-methyl. Plant Physiol. 90:12391242.
32. Yu, C. Y. 1991. An in vitro system for selection and characterization of acifluorfen-tolerant Solanaceous plants. Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. 161 pp.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Weed Science
  • ISSN: 0043-1745
  • EISSN: 1550-2759
  • URL: /core/journals/weed-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed