Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Drought Stress alters Solute Allocation in Broadleaf Dock (Rumex obtusifolius)

  • Anna Katarina Gilgen (a1) and Urs Feller (a1)
Abstract

According to climate models, drier summers must be expected more frequently in Central Europe during the next decades, which may influence plant performance and competition in grassland. The overall source–sink relations in plants, especially allocation of solutes to above- and below-ground parts, may be affected by drought. To investigate solute export from a given leaf of broadleaf dock, a solution containing 57Co and 65Zn was introduced through a leaf flap. The export from this leaf was detected by analysing radionuclide contents in various plant parts. Less label was allocated to new leaves and more to roots under drought. The observed alterations of source–sink relations in broadleaf dock were reversible during a subsequent short period of rewatering. These findings suggest an increased resource allocation to roots under drought improving the functionality of the plants.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Corresponding author's E-mail: anna.gilgen@ips.unibe.ch
References
Hide All
Brown, I., Poggio, L., Gimona, A., and Castellazzi, M. 2011. Climate change, drought risk and land capability for agriculture: implications for land use in Scotland. Reg. Environ. Change 11:503518.
Christensen, J. H., Hewitson, B., Busuioc, A., Chen, A., Gao, X., Held, I., Jones, R., Kolli, R. K., Kwon, W. T., Laprise, R., Magaña Rueda, V., Mearns, L., Menéndez, C. G., Räisänen, J., Rinke, A., Sarr, A., and Whetto, P. 2007. Regional Climate Projections. Pages 847940 in Solomon, S., Qin, D., Manning, M., Chen, Z., Marquis, M., Averyt, K. B., Tignor, M., and Miller, H. L., eds. Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, UK Cambridge University Press.
Ciais, P., Reichstein, M., Viovy, N., Granier, A., Ogée, J., Allard, V., Aubinet, M., Buchmann, N., Bernhofer, C., Carrara, A., Chevallier, F., de Noblet, N., Friend, A. D., Friedlingstein, P., Grünwald, T., Heinesch, B., Keronen, P., Knohl, A., Krinner, G., Loustau, D., Manca, G., Matteucci, G., Miglietta, F., Ourcival, J. M., Papale, D., Pilegaard, K., Rambal, S., Seufert, G., Soussana, J.-F., Sanz, M. J., Schulze, E.-D., Vesala, T., and Valentini, R. 2005. Europe-wide reduction in primary productivity caused by the heat and drought in 2003. Nature 437:529533.
Doyle, C. J., Oswald, A. K., Haggar, R. J., and Kirkham, F. W. 1984. A mathematical-modeling approach to the study of the economics of controlling Rumex obtusifolius in grassland. Weed Res. 24:183193.
Dreesen, F. E., de Boeck, H. J., Janssens, I. A., and Nijs, I. 2012. Summer heat and drought extremes trigger unexpected changes in productivity of a temperate annual/biannual plant community. Environ. Exp. Bot. 79:2130.
Fuhrer, J., Beniston, M., Fischlin, A., Frei, C., Goyette, S., Jasper, K., and Pfister, C. 2006. Climate risks and their impact on agriculture and forests in Switzerland. Clim. Change 79:79102.
Gebhardt, S., Schellberg, J., Lock, R., and Kühbauch, W. 2006. Identification of broad-leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius L.) on grassland by means of digital image processing. Precis. Agric. 7:165178.
Gilgen, A. K., Signarbieux, C., Feller, U., and Buchmann, N. 2010. Competitive advantage of Rumex obtusifolius L. might increase in intensively managed temperate grasslands under drier climate. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 135:1523.
Hann, P., Trska, C., and Kromp, B. 2012. Effects of management intensity and soil chemical properties on Rumex obtusifolius in cut grasslands in Lower Austria. J. Pest Sci. 85:515.
Hejcman, M., Strnad, L., Hejcmanová, P., and Pavlů, V. 2012. Effect of nutrient availability on performance and mortality of Rumex obtusifolius and R. crispus in unmanaged grassland. J. Pest Sci. 85:191198.
Hopkins, A. and Johnson, R. H. 2002. Effect of different manuring and defoliation patterns on broad-leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius) in grassland. Ann. Appl. Biol. 140:255262.
Humphreys, J., Jansen, T., Culleton, N., MacNaeidhe, F. S., and Storey, T. 1999. Soil potassium supply and Rumex obtusifolius and Rumex crispus abundance in silage and grazed grassland swards. Weed Res. 39:113.
Iijima, Y. and Kurokawa, Y. 1999. Relationship between broadleaf dock (Rumex obtusifolius L.) and seasonal yield of orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) grazing pasture. Grassl. Sci. 45:203209.
Imhoff, H. and Voigtländer, G. 1979. Movement and distribution of 14C assimilates in the shoots and roots of Rumex obtusifolius L. and Polygonum bistorta L. as indicators for herbicide usage. Z. Acker- Pflanzenbau 148:418429.
Křišt'álová, V., Hejcman, M., Červená, K., and Pavlů, V. 2011. Effect of nitrogen and phosphorus availability on the emergence, growth and over-wintering of Rumex crispus and Rumex obtusifolius . Grass For. Sci. 66:361369.
Kutschera, L., Lichtenegger, E., and Sobotik, M. 1992. Wurzelatlas mitteleuropäischer Grünlandpflanzen. Stuttgart, Germany Gustav Fischer. Pp. 178180.
Lang, V., Voigtländer, G., and Kühbauch, W. 1975. Storage metabolism in broad-leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius). Weed Res. 15:153158.
Martinkova, Z., Honek, A., Pekar, S., and Strobach, J. 2009. Survival of Rumex obtusifolius L. in an unmanaged grassland. Plant Ecol. 205:105111.
McDonald, A., Riha, S., DiTommaso, A., and DeGaetano, A. 2009. Climate change and the geography of weed damage: Analysis of U.S. maize systems suggests the potential for significant range transformations. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 130:131140.
Meehl, G. A., Stocker, T. F., Collins, W. D., Friedlingstein, P., Gaye, A. T., Gregory, J. M., Kitoh, A., Knutti, R., Murphy, J. M., Noda, A., Raper, S. C. B., Watterson, I. G., Weaver, A. J., and Zhao, Z-C. 2007. Global climate projections. Pages 747845 in Solomon, S., Qin, D., Manning, M., Chen, Z., Marquis, M., Averyt, K. B., Tignor, M., and Miller, H. L., eds. Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, UK Cambridge University Press.
Nashiki, M., Suyama, T., Meguro, R., and Kato, T. 1991. In vitro dry matter digestibility and chemical composition of Rumex obtusifolius L. in pastures. Weed Res. Jpn. 36:118125.
Oswald, A. K. and Haggar, R. J. 1983. The effects of Rumex obtusifolius on the seasonal yield of two mainly perennial ryegrass swards. Grass For. Sci. 38:187191.
Page, V. and Feller, U. 2005. Selective transport of zinc, manganese, nickel, cobalt and cadmium in the root system and transfer to the leaves in young wheat plants. Ann. Bot. 96:425434.
Page, V., Blösch, R. M., and Feller, U. 2012. Regulation of shoot growth, root development and manganese allocation in wheat (Triticum aestivum) genotypes by light intensity. Plant Growth Regul. 67:209215.
Page, V., Weisskopf, L., and Feller, U. 2006. Heavy metals in white lupin: uptake, root-to-shoot transfer and redistribution within the plant. New Phytol. 171:329341.
Patterson, D. T. 1995a. Effects of environmental stress on weed/crop interactions. Weed Sci. 43:483490.
Patterson, D. T. 1995b. Weeds in a changing climate. Weed Sci. 43:685700.
Peñuelas, J., Prieto, P., Beier, C., Cesaraccio, C., de Angelis, P., de Dato, G., Emmett, B. A., Estiarte, M., Garadnai, J., Gorissen, A., Lang, E. K., Kroel-Dulay, G., Llorens, L., Pellizzaro, G., Riis-Nielsen, T., Schmidt, I. K., Sirca, C., Sowerby, A., Spano, D., and Tietema, A. 2007. Response of plant species richness and primary productivity in shrublands along a north-south gradient in Europe to seven years of experimental warming and drought: reductions in primary productivity in the heat and drought year of 2003. Global Change Biol. 13:25632581.
R Development Core Team. 2012. R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. Vienna, Austria R Foundation for Statistical Computing, ISBN: 3-900051-07-0, http://www.R-project.org.
Riesen, O. and Feller, U. 2005. Redistribution of nickel, cobalt, manganese, zinc, and cadmium via the phloem in young and maturing wheat. J. Plant Nutr. 28:421430.
Schenk, D. and Feller, U. 1990. Rubidium export from individual leaves of maturing wheat. J. Plant Physiol. 137:175179.
Strnad, L., Hejcman, M., Křišt'álová, V., Hejcmanová, P., and Pavlů, V. 2010. Mechanical weeding of Rumex obtusifolius L. under different N, P and K availabilities in permanent grassland. Plant Soil Environ. 56:393399.
Voigtländer, G., Lang, V., and Kühbauch, W. 1976. Metabolism of reserve carbohydrates of Rumex obtusifolius and Polygonum bistorta . Landwirtsch. Forsch. 29:109117.
Weisshuhn, K., Auge, H., and Prati, D. 2011. Geographic variation in the response to drought in nine grassland species. Basic Appl. Ecol. 12:2128.
Zaller, J. G. 2004a. Competitive ability of Rumex obtusifolius against native grassland species: above- and belowground allocation of biomass and nutrients. J. Plant Dis. Prot. 19:345351.
Zaller, J. G. 2004b. Ecology and non-chemical control of Rumex crispus and R. obtusifolius (Polygonaceae): a review. Weed Res. 44:414432.
Zeller, S. and Feller, U. 1998. Redistribution of cobalt and nickel in detached wheat shoots: effects of steam-girdling and of cobalt and nickel supply. Biol. Plant. 41:427434.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Weed Science
  • ISSN: 0043-1745
  • EISSN: 1550-2759
  • URL: /core/journals/weed-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed