Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Enhanced Growth and Seed Properties in Introduced vs. Native Populations of Yellow Starthistle (Centaurea solstitialis)

  • Timothy L. Widmer (a1), Fatiha Guermache (a1), Margarita Yu Dolgovskaia (a2) and Sergey Ya. Reznik (a2)
Abstract

There is much discussion as to why a plant becomes invasive in a new location but is not problematic in its native range. One example is yellow starthistle, which originates in Eurasia and is considered a noxious weed in the United States. We grew yellow starthistle originating from native and introduced regions in a common environment to test whether differences in growth would be observed. In growth chamber studies, seedlings originating from the invasive range were larger than seedlings from the native range after 2 wk. Seed starch content is an important component of initial seedling growth. The starch content of seeds from introduced populations was higher than that of seeds from native populations. Regression analysis showed a relationship between the amount of starch in the seeds and the weight of yellow starthistle seedlings after 2 wk growth. There was no difference in chromosome number, except in accessions originating from Sicily and Sardinia. Field studies conducted in France and Russia revealed that rosettes and mature plants grown under natural conditions were larger when grown from seeds originating from the invasive range than from seeds originating from the native range. The number of capitula per plant and stem diameters were not significant among all populations, but differences were noted. The F1 progeny of plants originating from U.S. seed, but grown and pollinated in France, showed no differences in seedling growth, mature plant characteristics, and seed starch content from the plants grown from field-collected U.S. seed. The changes in seed starch resource allocation and its relation to plant growth is useful in understanding factors that contribute to yellow starthistle's invasibility.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Corresponding author's E-mail: Tim.Widmer@ars.usda.gov.
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

A. A. Agrawal 2001. Transgenerational consequences of plant responses to herbivory: an adaptive maternal effect? Am. Nat. 157:555569.

A. A. Agrawal 2002. Herbivory and maternal effects: mechanisms and consequences of transgenerational induced plant resistance. Ecology. 83:34083415.

D. K. Berner and L. K. Paxson 2003. Use of digital images to differentiate reactions of collections of yellow starthistle (Centaurea solstitialis) to infection by Puccinia jaceae . Biol. Control. 28:171179.

B. Blossey and R. Notzold 1995. Evolution of increased competitive ability in invasive nonindigenous plants: a hypothesis. J. Ecol. 83:887889.

O. Bossdorf , H. Auge , L. Lafuma , W. E. Rogers , E. Siemann , and D. Prati 2005. Phenotypic and genetic differentiation between native and introduced plant populations. Oecologia. 144:111.

Y. M. Buckley , P. Downey , S. V. Fowler , R. Hill , J. Memmott , H. Norambuena , M. Pitcairn , R. Shaw , A. W. Sheppard , C. Winks , R. Wittenberg , and M. Rees 2003. Global patterns of seed size variation in invasive plants. Ecology. 84:14341440.

J. H. Burns 2004. A comparison of invasive and noninvasive dayflowers (Commelinaceae) across experimental nutrient and water gradients. Divers. Distrib. 10:387397.

J. P. Bryant , J. Tuomi , and P. Niemela 1988. Environmental constraint of constitutive and long-term inducible defenses in woody plants. Pages 367389. in K.C. Spencer ed. Chemical Mediation of Coevolution. San Diego, CA Academic.

R. I. Colautti , A. Ricciardi , I. A. Grigorovich , and H. J. MacIsaac 2004. Is invasion success explained by the enemy release hypothesis? Ecol. Lett. 7:721733.

C. C. Daehler 2003. Performance comparisons of co-occurring native and alien invasive plants: implications for conservation and restoration. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst. 34:183211.

A. D'Hont , A. Paget-Goy , J. Escoute , and F. Carreel 2000. The interspecific genome of cultivated banana, Musa spp. revealed by DNA in situ hybridisation. Theor. Appl. Genet. 100:177183.

J. M. DiTomaso , G. B. Kyser , and C. B. Pirosko 2003. Effect of light and density on yellow starthistle (Centaurea solstitialis) root growth and moisture use. Weed Sci. 51:334341.

F. Faggioli , G. Pasquini , V. Lumia , G. Campobasso , T. L. Widmer , and P. C. Quimby Jr. 2004. Molecular identification of a new member of the clover proliferation phytoplasma group (16SrVI) associated with Centaurea solstitialis virescence in Italy. Eur. J. Plant Pathol. 110:353360.

S. M. Galatowitsch , N. O. Anderson , and P. D. Ascher 1999. Invasiveness in wetland plants in temperate North America. Wetlands. 19:733755.

L. F. Galloway 2005. Maternal effects provide phenotypic adaptation to local environmental conditions. New Phytol. 166:93100.

J. D. Gerlach Jr. and K. J. Rice 2003. Testing life history correlates of invasiveness using congeneric plant species. Ecol. Appl. 13:167179.

R. Gonzalez Ponce , C. Zancada , M. Verdugo , and L. Salas 1996. Plant height as a factor in competition between black nightshade and two horticultural crops (tomato and pepper). J. Hortic. Sci. 71:453460.

E. Grotkopp , M. Rejmánek , and T. L. Rost 2002. Toward a causal explanation of plant invasiveness: seedling growth and life-history strategies of 29 pine (Pinus) species. Am. Nat. 159:396419.

B. Hanfling and J. Kollman 2002. An evolutionary perspective on invasions. Trends Ecol. Evol. 17:545546.

K. B. Heppell , D. L. Shumway , and R. T. Koide 1998. The effect of mycorrhizal infection Abutilon theophrasti on competitiveness of offspring. Funct. Ecol. 12:171175.

J. L. Hierro , J. L. Maron , and R. M. Callaway 2005. A biogeographical approach to plant invasions: the importance of studying exotics in their introduced and native range. J. Ecol. 93:515.

G. Jakobs , E. Weber , and P. J. Edwards 2004. Introduced plants of the invasive Solidago gigantean (Asteraceae) are larger and grow denser than conspecifics in the native range. Divers. Distrib. 10:1119.

J. Joshi and K. Vrieling 2005. The enemy release and EICA hypothesis revisited: incorporating the fundamental difference between specialist and generalist herbivores. Ecol. Lett. 8:704714.

R. M. Keane and M. J. Crawley 2002. Exotic plant invasions and the enemy release hypothesis. Trends Ecol. Evol. 17:164170.

J. M. Klisiewicz 1986. Susceptibility of yellow starthistle to selected plant pathogens. Plant Dis. 70:295297.

C. E. Lee 2002. Evolutionary genetics of invasive species. Trends Ecol. Evol. 17:386391.

D. M. Maddox , D. B. Joley , D. M. Supkoff , and A. Mayfield 1996. Pollination biology of yellow starthistle (Centaurea solstitialis) in California. Can. J. Bot. 74:262267.

J. Maillet and C. Lopez-Garcia 2000. What criteria are relevant for predicting the invasive capacity of a new agricultural weed? The case of invasive American species in France. Weed Res. 40:1126.

S. L. Miao , F. A. Bazzaz , and R. B. Primack 1991. Persistence of maternal nutrient effects in Plantago major: the third generation. Ecology. 72:16341642.

T. Murata , T. Akazawa , and S. Fukuchi 1968. Enzymatic mechanism of starch breakdown in germinating rice seeds, I: an analytical study. Plant Physiol. 43:18991905.

J. R. Nelson , G. A. Harris , and C. J. Goebel 1970. Genetic vs environmentally induced variation in medusahead [Taeniatherum asperum (Simonkai) Nevski]. Ecology. 51:526529.

M. A. Rickey and R. C. Anderson 2004. Effects of nitrogen addition on the invasive grass Phragmites australis and a native competitor Spartina pectinata . J. Appl. Ecol. 41:888896.

C. T. Roché and D. C. Thill 2001. Biology of common crupina and yellow starthistle, two Mediterranean winter annual invaders in western North America. Weed Sci. 49:439447.

A. K. Sakai , F. W. Allendorf , and J. S. Holt et al. 2001. The population biology of invasive species. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 32:305332.

E. Siemann and W. E. Rogers 2001. Genetic differences in growth of an invasive tree species. Ecol. Lett. 4:514518.

M. L. Stanton 1984. Seed variation in wild radish: effects of seed size on components of seedling and adult fitness. Ecology. 65:11051112.

M. Sun 1997. Population genetic structure of yellow starthistle (Centaurea solstitialis), a colonizing weed in the western United States. Can. J. Botany. 75:14701478.

C. A. Thébaud and D. Simberloff 2001. Are plants really larger in their introduced ranges? Am. Nat. 157:231236.

E. van der Meijden 1996. Plant defense, an evolutionary dilemma: contrasting effects of (specialist and generalist) herbivores and natural enemies. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 80:307310.

M. Williamson 1993. Invaders, weeds, and the risk from genetically manipulated organisms. Experientia. 49:219224.

A. J. Willis and B. Blossey 1999. Benign climates don't explain the increased vigor of non-indigenous plants: a cross continental transplant experiment. Biocontrol Sci. Technol. 9:567577.

A. J. Willis , J. Memmott , and R. I. Forrester 2000. Is there evidence for the post-invasion evolution of increased size among invasive plant species? Ecol. Lett. 3:275283.

R. Wulff 1986. Seed size variation in Desmodium paniculatum, III: effects on reproductive yield and competitive ability. J. Ecol. 74:115121.

R. D. Wulff , H. F. Causin , O. Benitez , O. and P. A. Bacalini 1999. Intraspecific variability and maternal effects in the response to nutrient addition in Chenopodium album . Can. J. Botany. 77:11501158.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Weed Science
  • ISSN: 0043-1745
  • EISSN: 1550-2759
  • URL: /core/journals/weed-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 2 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 19 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 20th January 2017 - 26th June 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.