Agrios G. N.
1997. Plant Pathology, 4th ed.
San Diego, CA
Academic Press. 635.
Baskin C. C. and Baskin J. M.
2001. Seeds: Ecology, Biogeography, and Evolution of Dormancy and Germination. San Diego, CA
Academic Press. 666.
Benech-Arnold R. L., Sanchez R. A., Forcella F., Kruck B. C., and Ghersa C. M.
2000. Environmental control of dormancy in weed seed banks in soil.
Field Crops Res.
Benvenuti S., Macchia M., and Miele S.
2001. Quantitative analysis of emergence of seedlings from buried weed seeds with increasing soil depth. Weed Sci.
Bond W. J., Honig M., and Maze K. E.
1999. Seed size and seedling emergence: an allometric relationship and some ecological implications. Oecologia.
Buhler D. D. and Hartzler R. G.
2001. Emergence and persistence of seed of velvetleaf, common waterhemp, wooly cupgrass, and giant foxtail. Weed Sci.
Cousens R. and Mortimer M.
1995. Dynamics of weed populations. Cambridge, U.K.
Cambridge University Press. 332.
Dabney S. M., Schreiber J. D., Rothrock C. S., and Johnson J. R.
1996. Cover crops affect sorghum seedling growth. Agron. J.
Davis A. S., Cardina J., and Forcella F. et al. 2005. Environmental factors affecting seed persistence of 13 annual weeds across the U.S. corn belt. Weed Sci.
Fenner M. and Thompson K.
2005. The Ecology of Seeds. Cambridge, U.K.
Cambridge University Press. 250.
Hallett S. G.
2005. Where are the bioherbicides?
Harper J. L., Landragin P. A., and Ludwig J. W.
1955. The influence of environment on seed and seedling mortality. New Phytol.
Kegode G. O. and Pearce R. B.
1998. Influence of environment during maternal plant growth on dormancy of shattercane (Sorghum bicolor) and giant foxtail (Setaria faberi) seed. Weed Sci.
Kirkpatrick B. L. and Bazzaz F. A.
1979. Influence of certain fungi on seed germination and seedling removal of four colonizing annuals. J. Appl. Ecol.
Kremer R. J.
1986. Microorganisms associated with velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti) seeds on the soil surface. Weed Sci.
Leach L. D.
1947. Growth rates of host and pathogen as factors determining the severity of pre-emergence damping-off. J. Agric. Res.
Lindquist J. L., Mortensen D. A., Clay S. A., Schmenck R., Kells J. J., Howatt K., and Westra P.
1996. Stability of corn (Zea mays)–velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti) interference relationships. Weed Sci.
Lindquist J. L., Mortensen D. A., and Westra P. et al. 1999. Stability of corn (Zea mays)–foxtail (Setaria spp.) interference relationships. Weed Sci.
Lueschen W. E., Andersen R. N., Hoverstad T. R., and Kanne B. K.
1993. Seventeen years of cropping systems and tillage affect velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti) seed longevity. Weed Sci.
Malvick D. and Babadoost M.
2002. Root Rots of Pea: Report on Plant Disease 911. Urbana, IL
University of Illinois Extension.
Milberg P., Andersson L., and Thompson K.
2000. Large-seeded species are less dependent on light for germination than small-seeded ones. Seed Sci. Res.
Mohler C. L.
2001. Mechanical management of weeds. Pages 139–209. in
Liebman M., Mohler C.L., and Staver C.P. eds. Ecological Management of Agricultural Weeds. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.
Neter J., Kutner M. H., Nachtsheim C. J., and Wasserman W.
1996. Applied linear statistical models. Chicago, IL
Nurse R. E. and DiTommaso A.
2005. Corn competition alters the germinability of velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti) seeds. Weed Sci.
2000. Tetrazolium Testing Handbook: Contribution 29 to the Handbook on seed Testing. Lincoln, NE
Association of Official Seed Analysts. 151–154.
Schafer D. E. and Chilcote D. O.
1969. Factors influencing persistence and depletion in buried seed populations. I: a model for analysis of parameters of buried seed persistence and depletion. Crop Sci.
Schafer D. E. and Chilcote D. O.
1970. Factors influencing persistence and depletion in buried seed populations, II: the effects of soil temperature and moisture. Crop Sci.
Schafer M. and Kotanen P. M.
2003. The influence of soil moisture on losses of buried seeds to fungi. Acta Oecol.
Stoller E. W. and Wax L. M.
1974. Dormancy changes and fate of some annual weed seeds in the soil.
Telewski F. W. and Zeevaart J. A. D.
2002. The 120-yr period for Dr. Beal's seed viability experiment. Am. J. Bot.
Westerman P. R., Wes J. S., Kropff M. J., and van der Werf W.
2003. Annual weed seed losses due to predation in organic cereal fields. J. Appl. Ecol.