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Effects of Metribuzin Applied Lay-by on Weed Control and Sweetpotato Crop Response

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  24 August 2017

Stephen L. Meyers
Affiliation:
Assistant Extension Professor and Research Professor, Pontotoc Ridge–Flatwoods Branch Experiment Station, North Mississippi Research and Extension Center, Mississippi State University, 8320 Highway 15 South, Pontotoc, MS 38863
Mark W. Shankle
Affiliation:
Assistant Extension Professor and Research Professor, Pontotoc Ridge–Flatwoods Branch Experiment Station, North Mississippi Research and Extension Center, Mississippi State University, 8320 Highway 15 South, Pontotoc, MS 38863
Corresponding

Abstract

Field studies were conducted at the Pontotoc Ridge-Flatwoods Branch Experiment Station in Pontotoc, MS in 2015 and 2016 to determine the influence of lay-by metribuzin application on weed control and sweetpotato crop response. With the exception of weedy and hand-weeded checks, all plots received flumioxazin at 107 gaiha−1 pre-transplanting followed by (fb) clomazone at 1,120 gaiha−1 immediately after transplanting. Lay-by treatments consisted of S-metolachlor (800 gaiha−1), metribuzin (210 or 315 gaiha−1), metribuzin (210 gha−1) plus napropamide (1,120 gaiha−1), and metribuzin (210 gha−1) plus S-metolachlor (800 gha−1). At 4 weeks after transplanting, sweetpotato crop injury was 3 to 15%, but was transient and not evident after 6 (2015) to 8 weeks after transplanting (2016). Season-long weed control was excellent (≥98%) for all herbicide treatments used in the study. Hand-weeded check plots yielded 4,600; 18,350; 28,770; and 1,520 kgha−1 of jumbo, No. 1, marketable, and cull grades, respectively. Jumbo, No. 1, and marketable yields from all herbicide-containing treatments in the study were greater than the weedy check and similar to the hand-weeded check. For all treatments, the portion of yield graded as cull was similar to the hand-weeded check. Canner yield response differed between years. In general, canner yield was greater in 2016 (8,460 to 10,670 kgha−1) than 2015 (1,570 to 3,570 kgha−1). In both years, canner yield in all treatments was similar to the hand-weeded check with one exception: in 2015 sweetpotato receiving metribuzin plus napropamide yielded more canners (3,570 kgha−1) than the hand-weeded check (2,300 kgha−1).

Type
Weed Management-Other Crops/Areas
Copyright
© Weed Science Society of America, 2017 

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Footnotes

Associate Editor for this paper: Peter J. Dittmar, University of Florida.

References

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