Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-79b67bcb76-x7pwn Total loading time: 0.18 Render date: 2021-05-16T14:52:56.942Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true }

Herbicide programs for the termination of grass and broadleaf cover crop species

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 September 2019

Derek M. Whalen
Affiliation:
Former Graduate Research Assistant, Division of Plant Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MOUSA
Mandy D. Bish
Affiliation:
Extension Weed Specialist, Division of Plant Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MOUSA
Bryan G. Young
Affiliation:
Professor, Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, INUSA
Shawn P. Conley
Affiliation:
Professor, Department of Agronomy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WIUSA
Daniel B. Reynolds
Affiliation:
Professor, Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, Mississippi State University, Starkville, MSUSA
Jason K. Norsworthy
Affiliation:
Professor, Department of Crop, Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, ARUSA
Kevin W. Bradley
Affiliation:
Professor, Division of Plant Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MOUSA
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

The use of cover crops in soybean production systems has increased in recent years. There are many questions surrounding cover crops—specifically about benefits to crop production and most effective herbicides for spring termination. No studies evaluating cover crop termination have been conducted across a wide geographic area, to our knowledge. Therefore, field experiments were conducted in 2016 and 2017 in Arkansas, Indiana, Mississippi, Missouri, and Wisconsin for spring termination of regionally specific cover crops. Glyphosate-, glufosinate-, and paraquat-containing treatments were applied between April 15 and April 29 in 2016 and April 10 and April 20 in 2017. Visible control of cover crops was determined 28 days after treatment. Glyphosate-containing herbicide treatments were more effective than paraquat- and glufosinate-containing treatments, providing 71% to 97% control across all site years. Specifically, glyphosate at 1.12 kg ha−1 applied alone or with 2,4-D at 0.56 kg ha−1, saflufenacil at 0.025 kg ha−1, or clethodim at 0.56 kg ha−1 provided the most effective control on all grass cover crop species. Glyphosate-, paraquat-, or glufosinate-containing treatments were generally most effective on broadleaf cover crop species when applied with 2,4-D or dicamba. Results from this research indicate that proper herbicide selection is crucial to successfully terminate cover crops in the spring.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© Weed Science Society of America, 2019 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

Bell, HD, Norsworthy, JK, Scott, RC (2016) Integrating cereals and deep tillage with herbicide programs in glyphosate-and glufosinate-resistant soybean for glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth management. Weed Technol 30:8598 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blouin, DC, Webster, EP, Bond, JA (2011) On the analysis of combined experiments. Weed Technol 25:165169 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carmer, S, Nyquist, W, Walker, W (1989) Least significant differences for combined analyses of experiments with two-or three-factor treatment designs. Agron J 81:665672 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cornelius, CD, Bradley, KW (2017a) Herbicide programs for the termination of various cover crop species. Weed Technol 31:19 Google Scholar
Cornelius, CD, Bradley, KW (2017b) Influence of various cover crop species on winter and summer annual weed emergence in soybean. Weed Technol 31:503513 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Creamer, NG, Dabney, SM (2002) Killing cover crops mechanically: review of recent literature and assessment of new research results. Am J Altern Agric 17:3240 Google Scholar
Culpepper, AS, York, AC, Batts, RB, Jennings, KM (2000) Weed management in glufosinate-and glyphosate-resistant soybean (Glycine max). Weed Technol 14:7788 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Curran, WS, Wallace, JM, Mirsky, S, Crockett, B (2015) Effectiveness of herbicides for control of hairy vetch (Vicia villosa) in winter wheat. Weed Technol 29:509518 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
DeVore, JD, Norsworthy, JK, Brye, KR (2013) Influence of deep tillage, a rye cover crop, and various soybean production systems on Palmer amaranth emergence in soybean. Weed Technol 27:263270 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kandel, YR, Wise, KA, Bradley, CA, Tenuta, AU, Mueller, DS (2016) Effect of planting date, seed treatment, and cultivar on plant population, sudden death syndrome, and yield of soybean. Plant Dis 100:17351743 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Keene, C, Curran, W, Wallace, J, Ryan, M, Mirsky, S, VanGessel, M, Barbercheck, M (2017) Cover crop termination timing is critical in organic rotational no-till systems. Agron J 109:272282 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kornecki, T, Price, A, Raper, R, Arriaga, F (2009) New roller crimper concepts for mechanical termination of cover crops in conservation agriculture. Renew Agric Food Syst 24:165173 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kruidhof, H, Gallandt, E, Haramoto, E, Bastiaans, L (2011) Selective weed suppression by cover crop residues: effects of seed mass and timing of species’ sensitivity. Weed Res 51:177186 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Loux, MM, Dobbels, AF, Bradley, KW, Johnson, WG, Young, BG, Spaunhorst, DJ, Norsworthy, JK, Palhano, M, Steckel, LE (2017) Influence of cover crops on management of Amaranthus species in glyphosate-and glufosinate-resistant soybean. Weed Technol 31:487495 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Myers, R, Ellis, C, Hoormann, R, Reinbott, T, Kitchen, N, Reisner, J (2015) Cover Crops in Missouri: Putting Them to Work on Your Farm. Missouri-Columbia Uo No. G04161. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Extension. 6 pGoogle Scholar
Nandula, VK, Poston, DH, Eubank, TW, Koger, CH, Reddy, KN (2007) Differential response to glyphosate in Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) populations from Mississippi. Weed Technol 21:477482 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nascente, A, Crusciol, CAC, Cobucci, T, Velini, ED (2013) Cover crop termination timing on rice crop production in a no-till system. Crop Sci 53:26592669 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
National Climatic Data Center (2018) Data tools: 1981 to 2010. https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/cdo-web/datatools/normals. Accessed: March 2, 2018Google Scholar
Neu, K, Nair, A (2017) Effect of planting date and cultivar on cereal rye development and termination for organic no-till production systems. Farm Progress Reports. 1:2327. https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1195&context=farmprogressreports. Accessed: March 1, 2018Google Scholar
Palhano, MG, Norsworthy, JK, Barber, T (2018) Evaluation of chemical termination options for cover crops. Weed Technol 32:227235 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pimentel, D, Harvey, C, Resosudarmo, P, Sinclair, K, Kurz, D, McNair, M, Crist, S, Shpritz, L, Fitton, L, Saffouri, R (1995) Environmental and economic costs of soil erosion and conservation benefits. Science 267:11171123 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Raper, R, Simionescu, P, Kornecki, T, Price, A, Reeves, D (2004) Reducing vibration while maintaining efficacy of rollers to terminate cover crops. Appl Eng Agric 20:581584 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Reddy, KN (2001) Effects of cereal and legume cover crop residues on weeds, yield, and net return in soybean (Glycine max). Weed Technol 15:660668 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Reddy, KN, Zablotowicz, RM, Locke, MA, Koger, CH (2003) Cover crop tillage, and herbicide effect on weeds, soil properties, microbial populations, and soybean yield. Weed Sci 51:987994 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Riar, DS, Norsworthy, JK, Griffith, GM (2011) Herbicide programs for enhanced glyphosate-resistant and glufosinate-resistant cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). Weed Technol 25:526534 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sainju, UM, Singh, BP (1997) Winter cover crops for sustainable agricultural systems: influence on soil properties, water quality, and crop yields. HortScience 32:2128 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
[SARE] Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (2017) 2017 Cover Crop Survey Analysis. https://www.sare.org/Learning-Center/From-the-Field/North-Central-SARE-From-the-Field/2017-Cover-Crop-Survey-Analysis. Accessed: March 5, 2019Google Scholar
Thelen, KD, Mutch, DR, Martin, TE (2004) Utility of interseeded winter cereal rye in organic soybean production systems. Agron J 96:281284 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Webster, TM, Scully, BT, Grey, TL, Culpepper, AS (2013) Winter cover crops influence Amaranthus palmeri establishment. Crop Prot 52:130135 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Whitaker, JR, York, AC, Jordan, DL, Culpepper, AS (2011) Weed management with glyphosate-and glufosinate-based systems in PHY 485 WRF cotton. Weed Technol 25:183191 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
White, RH, Worsham, AD (1990) Control of legume cover crops in no-till corn (Zea mays) and cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). Weed Technol 4:5762 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Williams, MM, Mortensen, DA, Doran, JW (1998) Assessment of weed and crop fitness in cover crop residues for integrated weed management. Weed Sci 46:595603 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
[WSSA] Weed Science Society of America (2017) WSSA survey ranks most common and most troublesome weeds in broadleaf crops, fruits and vegetables. http://wssa.net/2017/05/wssa-survey-ranks-most-common-and-most-troublesome-weeds-in-broadleaf-crops-fruits-and-vegetables/. Accessed: March 5, 2018Google Scholar
Young, FL, Whaley, DK, Lawrence, NC, Burke, IC (2016) Feral rye (Secale cereale) control in winter canola in the Pacific Northwest. Weed Technol 30:163170 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Herbicide programs for the termination of grass and broadleaf cover crop species
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Herbicide programs for the termination of grass and broadleaf cover crop species
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Herbicide programs for the termination of grass and broadleaf cover crop species
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *