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Field Bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis) Control in Early and Late-Planted Processing Tomatoes

  • Lynn M. Sosnoskie (a1) and Bradley D. Hanson (a1)

Abstract

Field bindweed is a deep-rooted and drought-tolerant perennial that can be difficult to control once it has become established in specialty crops. Field studies were conducted in 2013 and 2014 to evaluate the efficacy of currently registered preplant (PP), PPI, PRE, and POST herbicides for field bindweed management in both early and late-planted processing tomatoes. Results show that bindweed cover in PPI/PRE programs (trifluralin, alone or in combination with rimsulfuron; S-metolachlor; or sulfentrazone) was reduced > 50% in early planted tomatoes, relative to the no PPI/PRE herbicide treatment (0 to 31% cover at up to 6 wk after transplanting [WAT]). Similar trends were observed with respect to field bindweed density. PP applications of glyphosate to emerged bindweed in late-planted tomatoes, coupled with PPI/PRE herbicide applications, reduced weed cover (1 to 13% at up to 6 WAT) by more than one-half when compared with plots treated with residual herbicides alone (1 to 43% at up to 6 WAT); perennial vine density was also reduced > 50%. PP herbicide burndown applications and the use of residual products can significantly improve the suppression of field bindweed in processing tomato systems. The emergence and vigor of bindweed vines may differ with respect to the timing of transplant operations and should be considered when developing management strategies

Convolvulus arvensis es una maleza perenne con sistema radical profundo y tolerante a la sequía que puede ser difícil de controlar una vez que se ha establecido en cultivos hortícolas. En 2013 y 2014, ser realizaron estudios de campo para evaluar la eficacia de herbicidas actualmente registrados para aplicaciones en presiembra (PP), PPI, PRE, y POST para el manejo de C. arvensis en tomate para procesamiento, plantado temprano y tarde. Los resultados muestran que la cobertura de C. arvensis en programas PPI/PRE (trifluralin, solo o en combinación con rimsulfuron; S-metolachlor; o sulfentrazone) se redujo >50%, en tomates plantados temprano, en relación con tratamientos sin herbicidas PPI/PRE (0 a 31% de cobertura hasta 6 semanas después del trasplante [WAT]). Se observaron tendencias similares con respecto a la densidad de C. arvensis. Las aplicaciones PP de glyphosate a plantas emergidas de C. arvensis en tomates plantados tarde, aunadas a aplicaciones de herbicidas PPI/PRE, redujeron la cobertura de la maleza (1 a 13% hasta 6 WAT) en más de la mitad cuando se comparó con parcelas tratadas con sólo los herbicidas residuales (1 a 43% hasta 6 WAT). La densidad de la enredadera también se redujo >50%. Las aplicaciones de quema con herbicidas PP y el uso de productos residuales puede significar la mejora en la supresión de C. arvensis en sistemas de producción de tomate para procesamiento. La emergencia y el vigor de las enredaderas de C. arvensis podría diferir según el momento de las operaciones de trasplante, y esto debería ser considerado cuando se desarrollan las estrategias de manejo.

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Corresponding author

Corresponding author's E-mail: lmsosnoskie@ucdavis.edu

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Associate editor for this paper: Darren Robinson, University of Guelph.

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References

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