Skip to main content
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 5
  • Cited by
    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Zucker, Arnaud 2016. A Companion to Science, Technology, and Medicine in Ancient Greece and Rome. p. 483.

    Yu, Jiangxia 2014. The Body in Spiritual Exercise: A Comparative Study between EpictetanAskēsisand Early Buddhist Meditation. Asian Philosophy, Vol. 24, Issue. 2, p. 158.

    Long, Anthony A. 2012. A Companion to Marcus Aurelius. p. 465.

    Foster, Jay and Lehoux, Daryn 2008. A mighty wind. Clinical Toxicology, Vol. 46, Issue. 10, p. 1098.

    Lehoux, Daryn 2007. Observers, Objects, and the Embedded Eye;. Isis, Vol. 98, Issue. 3, p. 447.

  • Print publication year: 1999
  • Online publication date: March 2008

17 - Stoic psychology

Modern western thinkers are likely to find the Stoics to be considerably more sophisticated than the Epicureans in analysing the faculties and subjective content of the mind but less plausible than their rivals in accounting for the mind's ontological foundations. Like the Epicureans, the Stoics identify the principle of sentient life with a corporeal psuchē. The physical constituency of the Stoic psuchē, together with its functional division into governing and instrumental parts, differentiates it sharply from the psychology of Aristotle and Plato. The Stoic psuchē is the vital principle of animal as distinct from plant life. Its basic functions are sensation and impulse. The power of the psuchē to govern the whole animal is its constant and dynamic contact with all the animal's parts. The chapter also explores how the Stoics analyse and justify the unitary rationality of the mind or governing part of human beings. In approaching this large question, it recalls the psychic faculties common to all animals.
Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy
  • Online ISBN: 9781139053617
  • Book DOI:
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
Annas, J. E. (1992a) Hellenistic Philosophy of Mind, Hellenistic culture and society 8 (Berkeley).
Ax, W. (1986) Laut, Stimme und Sprache: Studien zu drei Grundbegriffen der antiken Sprachtheorie, Hypomnemata 84 (Göttingen).
Bastianini, G. & Long, A. A., edd. (1992a) Hierocles, in Corpus dei papiri filosofici greci e latini, vol. I, 1 (Florence).
Davidson, D. (1982) Actions and Events (Oxford).
De Lacy, Ph., ed. (1984) Galen: On the Doctrines of Hippocrates and Plato, first part: books I–V, Corpus Medicorum Graecorum V 4, 1, 2, ed. 3 (Berlin, first edn 1978).
Hoven, R. (1971) Stoïcisme et stoïciens face au problème de l'au-delà, Bibliothèque de la Faculté de Philosophie et Lettres de l' Université de Liège, fasc. 197 (Paris).
Inwood, B. (1985) Ethics and Human Action in Early Stoicism (Oxford).
Kahn, Ch. (1988) ‘Discovering the will: from Aristotle to Augustine’, in Dillon & Long (1988).
Long, A. A. (1975–6) ‘Heraclitus and Stoicism’, Philosophia 5/6 ; repr. in Long, (1996).
Long, A. A. (1976) ‘The early Stoic concept of moral choice’, in Images of Man in Ancient and Medieval Thought. Studies Presented to G. Verbeke (Leuven).
Long, A. A. (1982b) ‘Soul and body in Stoicism’, Phronesis 27 (1982) ; repr. in Long, (1996).
Long, A. A. (1991a) ‘Representation and the self in Stoicism’, in Everson (1991a) ; repr. in Long, (1996).
Long, A. A. (1991b) ‘The harmonics of Stoic virtue’, OSAP, suppl. vol. 1991 ; repr. in Long, (1996).
Long, A. A. (1993b) ‘Hierocles on oikeiosis and self-perception’, in Boudouris, K., ed., Hellenistic Philosophy (Athens) ; repr. in Long, (1996).
Long, A. A. & Sedley, D. N., edd. (1987) The Hellenistic Philosophers, 2 vols.: i. Translations of the principal sources with philosophical commentary; ii. Greek and Latin texts with notes and bibliography (Cambridge, various reprints).
Mansfeld, J. (1989c) ‘Chrysippus and the Placita’, Phronesis 34.
Mansfeld, J. (1990a) ‘Doxography and dialectic: The Sitz im Leben of the “Placita”’, in Haase, W., ed., ANRW 11 36.4 (Berlin/New York).
Mansfeld, J. (1992d) ‘The idea of the will in Chrysippus, Posidonius, and Galen’, in Cleary, & Wians, (1992).
Searle, J. R. (1992) The Rediscovery of the Mind (Boston).
Sedley, D. N. (1992b) ‘Commentary on Mansfeld’, in Cleary, & Wians, (1992).
Tieleman, T. L. (1996) Galen and Chrysippus on the Soul, Argument and Refutation in the De Placitis Books II–III, PhA 68 (Leiden).