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  • Print publication year: 1967
  • Online publication date: March 2008

Chapter 22 - Augustine. Man: body and soul

from Part V - MARIUS VICTORINUS AND AUGUSTINE
Summary
Augustine's views concerning the nature of man and of his place in the universe inevitably underwent profound transformations during his intellectual journey from Manichaean, through Neoplatonic, to Christian teaching. Neoplatonic views on the nature of man are far removed from Manichaean teaching in their insistence on the goodness of matter and of the human body. The soul by its nature points towards a body, and is not complete without it. Augustine is laying as much stress as he can on the unity of body and soul in man, though his adopted conceptual structure makes it difficult to speak of the substantial unity of man. Augustine's conception of the union of soul and body appears in passages in which he defends against philosophical objections the doctrine of the two natures united in the person of the Word made flesh. To God, the human soul is related as his image and likeness.
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The Cambridge History of Later Greek and Early Medieval Philosophy
  • Online ISBN: 9781139055147
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521040549
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