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  • Print publication year: 1967
  • Online publication date: March 2008

Chapter 5 - The Pythagoreans

This chapter discusses three classes of Pythagorean writings. The first consists of pseudepigrapha. Two names are of particular interest in this group: that of Ps. -Archytas and that of Ps. -Brontinus. Speaking of Brontinus, Syrianus assures that the Pythagoreans were familiar with the doctrine that there is a principle higher than the two opposite principles. A second group of Pythagorean writings is represented by three complexes, such as the anonymus Photii, the anonymus of Alexander Polyhistor, and the anonymus of Sextus Empiricus. The third class of Pythagorean writings consists of works by Moderatus of Gades, Nicomachus of Gerasa and Numenius of Apamea. Their Pythagoreanism differs from that represented by the two other classes. For it is generally assumed that Plotinus was the first to interpret the Parmenides ontologically. Plotinus was accused, obviously by Athenian Platonists, of plagiarizing Numenius. Numenius professes the doctrine of incarnation and reincarnation. He considers incarnation an evil and the result of some guilt.
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The Cambridge History of Later Greek and Early Medieval Philosophy
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