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    Nauta, Lodi 2012. Anti-Essentialism and the Rhetoricization of Knowledge: Mario Nizolio's Humanist Attack on Universals. Renaissance Quarterly, Vol. 65, Issue. 1, p. 31.

  • Print publication year: 2000
  • Online publication date: March 2008

2 - The intellectual setting

from I - The context of seventeenth-century philosophy
This chapter indicates the broad range of intellectual traditions in terms of which the various seventeenth-century figures defined their attempts to establish a new philosophy. It suggests a partial explanation for the actual successes of the science which emerged, by indicating the conditions which led to an explosion of many new varieties of philosophy, any of which might have brought the promised wisdom. By the late fourteenth century, many regarded the whole structure of the church, the teaching orders included, as radically corrupt. Aristotelian philosophy was not responsible for these corruptions; but it had done little to stop them, and it was largely by-passed by the reforming movement. The chapter indicates the forms which anti-Aristotelianism took in the Renaissance, in so far as they helped to shape the expectation of a new philosophy. Three main regions may be distinguished on the intellectual map of Renaissance philosophy: scholasticism; philosophies emerging from humanism; and revival of dogmatic Platonism.
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The Cambridge History of Seventeenth-Century Philosophy
  • Online ISBN: 9781139055451
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Agrippa CorneliusDe occulta philosophia (Agrippa 1533))
Aristotle in his Examen vanitatis docrinae gentium et veritatis christianae disciplinae, Pico G. F. 1972, vol. I.
Averroes De substantia orbis (Pomponazzi 1966))
Cajetan De anima cited by Cassirer , Kristeller , and Randall 1948
Ficino Theologiam platonica, Ficino 1964, vol. I.
Gassendi PierreExercitationes paradoxicae adversus Aristoteleos (edited with French translation in Gassendi 1959).
Hobbes , Lev. (Hobbes 1968))
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Milton John posthumously published Christian Doctrine (in Milton 1931–8, vol. 15).
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Overton RichardMans Mortallitie (Overton 1644)
Patrizi Discussiones peripateticae (Patrizi 1581))
Patrizi FrancescoDiscussiones peripateticae (Patrizi 1581).
Patrizi Nova de universis philosophia (Patrizi 1591))
Pico De ente et uno, in Pico G. 1971, vol. I.
Pico G. F.Examen vanitatis, 1972, vol. I.
Pico GianfrancescoExamen vanitatis doctrinae gentium et véritatis christianae disciplinae (in Pico G. F. 1972. vol. I.)
Pico Giovanni, Disputationes adversus astrologiam divinatricem, in Pico G. 1971, vol. I.
Pico Heptaplus (Pico G. 1971, vol. 1).
Pompnazzi De fato (Pomponazzi 1957))
Pomponazzi De immortalitate animae (in Pomponazzi 1938; and in Cassirer , Kristeller , and Randall 1948), chaps. 8–9.
Ramus PeterAristotelicae animadversiones (later called Scholae dialecticae, and supplemented by Scholae physicae and Scholae metaphysicae, all collected in Ramus 1569).
Telesio De rerum natura, with Italian translation, Telesio 1965–76.
Vaughan ThomasAnthroposophia theomagica (1650)
Wolfson A. Harry, Crescas' Critique of Aristotle (Wolfson 1929).