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    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Fuller, Dorian Q. and Murphy, Charlene 2018. The origins and early dispersal of horsegram (Macrotyloma uniflorum), a major crop of ancient India. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, Vol. 65, Issue. 1, p. 285.

    Silva, Marina Oliveira, Marisa Vieira, Daniel Brandão, Andreia Rito, Teresa Pereira, Joana B. Fraser, Ross M. Hudson, Bob Gandini, Francesca Edwards, Ceiridwen Pala, Maria Koch, John Wilson, James F. Pereira, Luísa Richards, Martin B. and Soares, Pedro 2017. A genetic chronology for the Indian Subcontinent points to heavily sex-biased dispersals. BMC Evolutionary Biology, Vol. 17, Issue. 1,

    Petrie, C. A. and Bates, J. 2017. ‘Multi-cropping’, Intercropping and Adaptation to Variable Environments in Indus South Asia. Journal of World Prehistory, Vol. 30, Issue. 2, p. 81.

    Shaw, Julia 2016. Religion, ‘nature’ and environmental ethics in ancient India: archaeologies of human:non-human suffering and well-being in early Buddhist and Hindu contexts. World Archaeology, Vol. 48, Issue. 4, p. 517.

  • Print publication year: 2015
  • Online publication date: May 2015

10 - Early agriculture in South Asia

This introduction traces the origins of agriculture and the character of early agricultural communities across the world and surveys the development of the more complex social structures and cultural forms that agriculture enabled. Like modern scientists, however, some experimenters either unwittingly or intentionally manipulated the genetic make-up of plant and animal populations, selecting for traits and characteristics that were more productive or more pleasing and thus preferred. Food production has been linked to significant changes in landscapes and populations that eventually supported the rise of urbanism and enabled human populations to expand from 6 million to over 7 billion today. Alan Outram describes how, whether keeping a few livestock within a mixed farming system or maintaining large herds and flocks in systems of specialized pastoralism, the key limiting factors that have to be solved are access to grazing land and, for times of the year when the natural grazing is insufficient, adequate supplies of fodder.
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