Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 5
  • Cited by
    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Bertelli, Jayme Augusto Mira, Jean Claude Pecot-Dechavassine, Monique and Sebille, Alain 1997. Selective motor hyperreinnervation using motor rootlet transfer: an experimental study in rat brachial plexus. Journal of Neurosurgery, p. 79.

    Carlstedt, Thomas Anand, Praveen Hallin, Rolf Vigay Misra, Peter Norén, Georg and Seferlis, Thanos 2000. Spinal nerve root repair and reimplantation of avulsed ventral roots into the spinal cord after brachial plexus injury. Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, p. 237.

    Powers, Randall and Türker, Kemal 2001. Motor Neurobiology of the Spinal Cord. p. 106.

    Alam, Uazman Riley, David R. Jugdey, Ravinder S. Azmi, Shazli Rajbhandari, Satyan D’Août, Kristiaan and Malik, Rayaz A. 2017. Diabetic Neuropathy and Gait: A Review. Diabetes Therapy, Vol. 8, Issue. 6, p. 1253.

    Zeng, Xuemei Wu, Qi Zhang, Siwei Liu, Zheying Zhou, Qing and Zhang, Meishan 2018. A False Trail to Follow: Differential Effects of the Facial Feedback Signals From the Upper and Lower Face on the Recognition of Micro-Expressions. Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 9, Issue. ,

  • Print publication year: 1994
  • Online publication date: December 2009

2 - Does the nervous system depend on kinesthetic information to control natural limb movements?

    • By S. C. Gandevia, Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, The Prince Henry and Prince of Wales Hospitals, D. Burke, Prince of Wales Medical Research Institute, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2036, Australia
  • Edited by Paul Cordo, Robert S. Dow Neurological Center, Good Samaritan Hospital and Medical Center, Portland, Oregon, Stevan Harnad, Princeton University, New Jersey
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • DOI:
  • pp 12-30


Abstract: This target article draws together two groups of experimental studies on the control of human movement through peripheral feedback and centrally generated signals of motor commands. First, during natural movement, feedback from muscle, joint, and cutaneous afferents changes; in human subjects these changes have reflex and kinesthetic consequences. Recent psychophysical and microneurographic evidence suggests that joint and even cutaneous afferents may have a proprioceptive role. Second, the role of centrally generated motor commands in the control of normal movements and movements following acute and chronic deafferentation is reviewed. There is increasing evidence that subjects can perceive their motor commands under various conditions, but that this is inadequate for normal movement; deficits in motor performance arise when the reliance on proprioceptive feedback is abolished either experimentally or because of pathology. During natural movement, the CNS appears to have access to functionally useful input from a range of peripheral receptors as well as from internally generated command signals. The unanswered questions that remain suggest a number of avenues for further research.

Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

Movement Control
  • Online ISBN: 9780511529788
  • Book DOI:
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *