Skip to main content
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 6
  • Cited by
    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Nowell, Branda L Velez, Anne-Lise K Hano, Mary Clare Sudweeks, Jayce Albrecht, Kate and Steelman, Toddi 2018. Studying Networks in Complex Problem Domains: Advancing Methods in Boundary Specification. Perspectives on Public Management and Governance,

    Yamaki, Kazushige 2017. Applying social network analysis to stakeholder analysis in Japan’s natural resource governance: two endangered species conservation activity cases. Journal of Forest Research, Vol. 22, Issue. 2, p. 83.

    Sandström, Annica and Lundmark, Carina 2016. Network Structure and Perceived Legitimacy in Collaborative Wildlife Management. Review of Policy Research, Vol. 33, Issue. 4, p. 442.

    Baird, Julia Plummer, Ryan and Bodin, Örjan 2016. Collaborative governance for climate change adaptation in Canada: experimenting with adaptive co-management. Regional Environmental Change, Vol. 16, Issue. 3, p. 747.

    Oyanedel, Rodrigo Marín, Andrés Castilla, Juan Carlos and Gelcich, Stefan 2016. Establishing marine protected areas through bottom-up processes: insights from two contrasting initiatives in Chile. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, Vol. 26, Issue. 1, p. 184.

    Coolsaet, Brendan 2015. Transformative Participation in Agrobiodiversity Governance: Making the Case for an Environmental Justice Approach. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, Vol. 28, Issue. 6, p. 1089.

  • Print publication year: 2011
  • Online publication date: June 2012

12 - Social networks, joint image building, and adaptability: the case of local fishery management

from Part II - Case studies

The challenges of natural resource governance

It is generally agreed that adaptability – as in the capacity to react and respond to social and ecological change – is a desirable quality of systems governing natural resources (Holling, 1978; Walters, 1986; Folke et al., 2002). Even so, the complex nature of environmental problems makes adaptive governance a far from straightforward task. In addition to the inherent complexity and unpredictability of the natural environment, social processes related to natural resources are often ridden with conflict and feature great uncertainty regarding the substance of the problem, the strategies of other actors, and the overall institutions governing such processes (Koppenjan and Klijn, 2004). In striving for adaptability, governance is faced with various challenges originating from collective action problems, from the existence of divergent and competing interests, values, and problem definitions, and from the fact that ecological knowledge more often than not is contested (Olson, 1965; Hardin, 1968; Hoppe, 1999; Koppenjan and Klijn, 2004). These features significantly aggravate the processes of reaching a joint image regarding the state of the resource and appropriate management rules, which is absolutely essential for adaptive management to evolve. Thus, the social challenges of adaptive governance are many. There is therefore a constant search – among both policy makers and researchers – for the type of governance system that can promote the rise and subsistence of social processes dealing with these challenges in an efficient way.

Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

Social Networks and Natural Resource Management
  • Online ISBN: 9780511894985
  • Book DOI:
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
Bell, D. C.Belli-McQueen, B.Haider, A. 2007 Partner naming and forgetting: recall of network membersSocial Networks 29 279
Berkes, F. 2002 Cross-scale institutional linkages: perspective from the bottom upOstrom, E.Dietz, T.Dolšak, N.The Drama of the CommonsWashington, DCNational Academy Press293
Berkes, F. 2008 Commons in a multi-level worldInternational Journal of the Commons 2 1
Bodin, Ö.Crona, B. 2008 Community-based management of natural resources: exploring the role of social capital and leadership in a rural fishing communityWorld Development 36 2763
Bodin, Ö.Crona, B. 2009 The role of social networks in natural resource governance: what relational patterns make a difference?Global Environmental Change 19 366
Bodin, Ö.Crona, B.Ernstson, H. 2006 Social networks in natural resource management: what is there to learn from a structural perspective?Ecology and Society 11 r2
Bogason, P.Toonen, T. A. J. 1998 Introduction: networks in public administrationPublic Administration 76 205
Bonacich, P. 1987 Power and centrality: a family of measuresAmerican Journal of Sociology 92 1170
Borgatti, S. P. 2002 NetdrawHarvardAnalytic Technologies
Borgatti, S. P.Everett, M. G.Freeman, L. C. 2002 UCINET 6 for Windows: Software for Social Network AnalysisHarvardAnalytic Technologies
Borgatti, S. P.Foster, P. C. 2003 The network paradigm in organizational research: a review and typologyJournal of Management 29 991
Bourdieu, P. 1986 The forms of social capitalRichardson, J. G.Handbook of Theory and Research for the Sociology of EducationWestport, CTGreenwood Press241
Burt, R. S. 1997 The contingent value of social capitalAdministrative Science Quarterly 42 339
Burt, R. S. 2000 The network structure of social capitalStraw, B. M.Sutton, R. I.Research in Organizational BehaviourGreenwich, CTJAI Press345
Burt, R. S. 2001 Structural holes versus network closure as social capitalLin, N.Cook, K.Burt, R. S.Social Capital. Theory and ResearchNew York, NYWalter de Gruyter31
Carlsson, L. 1996 Nonhierarchical implementation analysis. An alternative to the methodological mismatch in policy analysisJournal of Theoretical Politics 8 527
Carlsson, L. 2000 Policy networks as collective actionPolicy Studies Journal 28 502
Carlsson, L.Berkes, F. 2005 Co-management: concepts and methodological implicationsJournal of Environmental Management 75 65
Carlsson, L.Danell, K. 2006
Carlsson, L.Sandström, A. 2008 Network governance of the commonsInternational Journal of the Commons 2 33
Coleman, J. S. 1987 Norms as social capitalRadnitsky, G.Bernholz, P.Economic Imperialism: The Economic Approach Applied Outside the Field of EconomicsNew York, NYParagon House Publishers133
Coleman, J. S. 1990 Foundations of Social TheoryCambridge, MAHarvard University Press
Denk, T. 2002 Komparativ metod: förståelse genom jämförelseLundStudentlitteratur
Dietz, T.Ostrom, E.Stern, P. C. 2003 The struggle to govern the commonsScience 302 1907
Dyhre, G.Edlund, L. 1982 Fiskevårdsområden: Bildande och FörvaltningStockholmNorstedt
Elmore, R. E. 1993 Organisational models of social program implementationHill, M.The Policy Process. A ReaderLondonHarvester Wheatsheaf313
Folke, C.Carpenter, S.Elmqvist, T. 2002 Resilience and sustainable development: building adaptive capacity in a world of transformationsAMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment 31 437
Folke, C.Colding, J.Berkes, F. 2003 Synthesis: building resilience and adaptive capacity in social-ecological systemsBerkes, F.Folke, C.Colding, J.Navigating Social-Ecological Systems: Building Resilience for Complexity and ChangeCambridgeCambridge University Press352
Freeman, L. C. 1978 Centrality in social networks. Conceptual clarificationSocial Networks 1 215
Freeman, L. C.Roeder, D.Mulholland, R. R. 1979 Centrality in social networks: II. Experimental resultsSocial Networks 2 119
Freeman, L. C.Romney, A. K.Freeman, S. C. 1987 Cognitive structure and informant accuracyAmerican Anthropologist 89 310
Friedkin, N. E. 1980 A test of structural features of Granovetter’s strengths of weak ties theorySocial Networks 2 411
Friedkin, N. E. 1981 The development of structure in random networks: an analysis of the effects of increasing network density on five measures of structureSocial Networks 3 41
Friedkin, N. E. 1991 Theoretical foundations for centrality measuresAmerican Journal of Sociology 96 1478
Giddens, A. 1984 The Constitution of SocietyCambridge, MAPolity Press
Granovetter, M. S. 1973 The strength of weak tiesAmerican Journal of Sociology 78 1360
Granovetter, M. S. 1992 Economic institutions as social constructions: a framework of analysisActa Sociologica 35 3
Hanneman, R. A.Riddle, M. 2005 Introduction to Social Network MethodsRiverside, CAUniversity of California
Hardin, G. 1968 The tragedy of the commonsScience 162 1243
Hjern, B. 1987
Hjern, B.Porter, D. O. 1993 Implementation structures. A new unit of administrative analysisHill, M.The Policy Process. A ReaderLondonHarvester Wheatsheaf248
Holling, C. S. 1978 Adaptive Environmental Assessment and ManagementLondonJohn Wiley & Sons
Hoppe, R. 1999 Policy analysis, science and politics: from ‘speaking truth to power’ to ‘making sense together’Science and Public Policy 26 201
Hull, C. J.Hjern, B. 1987 Helping Small Firms Grow. An Implementation ApproachWorcesterBilling & Sons
Kadushin, C. 2004 Review: too much investment in social capital?Social Networks 26 75
Kickert, W. J. M.Klijn, E.-H.Koppenjan, J. F. M. 1997 Managing Complex Networks: Strategies for the Public SectorLondonSage
Klijn, E.-H.Koppenjan, J.Termeer, K. 2007 Public Administration 73 437
Knoke, D. 1990 Political Networks. The Structural PerspectiveCambridgeCambridge University Press
Koppenjan, J. F. M.Klijn, E.-H. 2004 Managing Uncertainties in NetworksLondonRoutledge
Kwon, H. 2004 Associations, civic norms and democracy: revisiting the Italian caseTheory and Society 33 135
Lin, N. 2001 Social Capital. A Theory of Social Structure and ActionCambridgeCambridge University Press
Lin, N.Cook, K.Burt, R. S. 2001 Social Capital. Theory and ResearchNew York, NYAldine
Marsden, P. V. 1990 Network data and measurementAnnual Review of Sociology 16 435
Marsh, D.Smith, M. 2000 Understanding policy networks: towards a dialectical approachPolitical Studies 48 4
Marsh, D.Smith, M. 2001 Debates: there is more than one way to do political science: on different ways to study policy networksPolitical Studies 49 528
Miles, M. B.Huberman, A. M. 1994 Qualitative Data Analysis – An Expanded SourcebookThousands Oaks, CASage
Moody, J.White, D. R. 2003 Structural cohesion and embeddedness: a hierarchical concept of social groupsAmerican Sociological Review 68 103
Njaya, F. 2007 Governance challenges for the implementation of fisheries co-management: experiences from MalawiInternational Journal of the Commons 1 137
O’TooleJr., L.Meier, K. J. 1999 Modelling the impact of public management: implications of structural contextJournal of Public Administration Research and Theory 9 505
O’TooleJr., L. J.Meier, K. J. 2004 Public management in intergovernmental networks: matching structural networks and managerial networkingJournal of Public Administration Research and Theory 14 469
Olson, M. 1965 The Logic of Collective Action: Public Goods and the Theory of GroupsCambridge, MAHarvard University Press
Olsson, P.Folke, C. 2001 Local ecological knowledge and institutional dynamics for ecosystem management: a study of Lake Racken Watershed, SwedenEcosystems 4 85
Olsson, P.Folke, C.Hahn, T. 2004 Social-ecological transformation for ecosystem management: the development of adaptive co-management of a wetland landscape in southern SwedenEcology and Society 9 2
Ostrom, E. 2005 Understanding Institutional DiversityPrinceton, NJPrinceton University Press
Ostrom, E.Ahn, T. K. 2003 Foundations of Social Capital. Critical Studies in Economic InstitutionsCheltenhamEdward Elgar
Parsons, W. 1995 Public Policy. An Introduction to the Theory and Practice of Policy AnalysisCheltenhamEdward Elgar
Piriz, L. 2005 Praktiskt samtal om samförvaltning av fiske Conversations on fishery co-mangementGöteborgFiskeriverket (Swedish Board of Fisheries)
Plummer, R. 2009 The adaptive co-management process: and initial synthesis of representative models and influential variablesEcology and Society 14
Portes, A. 1998 Social capital: its origins and applications in modern sociologyAnnual Review of Sociology 24 1
Portes, A.Landolt, P. 2000 Social capital: promise and pitfalls of its role in developmentJournal of Latin American Studies 32 529
Powell, W. W. 1990 Neither market nor hierarchy: network forms of organizationResearch in Organizational Behaviour 12 295
Putnam, R. 1992 Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern ItalyPrinceton, NJPrinceton University Press
Putnam, R. 2000 Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American CommunityNew York, NYSimon & Schuster
Reagans, R.Zuckerman, E. W. 2001 Networks, diversity, and productivity: the social capital of corporate R&D teamsOrganization Science 12 502
Rhodes, R. A. W.Marsh, D. 1992 New directions in the study of policy networksEuropean Journal of Political Research 21 181
Rothstein, B. 2003 Sociala fällor och tillitens problemStockholmSNS Förlag
Rova, C. 2004 Flipping the pyramid. Lessons from converting top-down management of bleak-roe FishingDepartment of Business Administration and Social Sciences, Luleå University of Technology
Sabatier, P. A.Focht, W.Lubell, M. 2005 Swimming Upstream. Collaborative Approaches to Watershed ManagementCambridge, MAMIT Press
Sandström, A. 2008 Policy networks. The relation between structure and performance. PhD thesisDepartment of Business Administration and Social Sciences, Luleå University of Technology
Sandström, A.Carlsson, L. 2008 The performance of policy networks: the relation between network structure and network performancePolicy Studies Journal 36 497
Sandström, A.Rova, C. 2010
Sandström, A.Rova, C. 2010 Adaptive co-management networks: a comparative analysis of two Fishery Conservation Areas in SwedenEcology and Society 15 14
Scharpf, F. W. 1978 Interorganizational policy studies: issues, concepts and perspectivesHanf, K.Scharpf, F. W.Interorganizational Policy Making: Limits to Coordination and Central ControlLondonSage345
Scott, J. 2000 Social Network Analysis. A HandbookLondonSage
Sen, S.Nielsen, J. R. 1996 Fisheries co-management: a comparative analysisMarine Policy 20 405
Sorensen, E.Torfing, J. 2007 Theories of Democratic Network GovernanceNew York, NYPalgrave Macmillan
Swedish Statutes 1981
Tengelin, B. 1997
Thatcher, M. 1998 The development of policy network analyses. From modest origins to overarching frameworkJournal of Theoretical Politics 10 389
Walters, C. 1986 Adaptive Management of Renewable ResourcesNew York, NYMacmillan
Wasserman, S.Faust, K. 1994 Social Network Analysis. Methods and ApplicationsCambridgeCambridge University Press
Woolcock, M.Narayan, D. 2000 Social capital: implications for development theory, research and policyThe World Bank Research Observer 15 225