Ahmed A. M. (2009) Are religious people more prosocial? A quasi-experimental study with madrasah pupils in a rural community in India. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion
Alexander R. (1987) The biology of moral systems. Aldine De Gruyter.
Ames H. & Rosemont R. T. (2009) The Chinese classic of family reverence: A philosophical translation of the Xiaojing. University of Hawaii Press.
Assmann J. (2001) The search for God in ancient Egypt. Cornell University Press.
Atkinson Q. D. & Bourrat P. (2011) Beliefs about God, the afterlife and morality support the role of supernatural policing in human cooperation. Evolution and Human Behavior
Atkinson Q. D. & Whitehouse H. (2011) The cultural morphospace of ritual form: Examining modes of religiosity cross-culturally. Evolution and Human Behavior
Atran S. (2002) In gods we trust: The evolutionary landscape of religion. Oxford University Press.
Atran S. (2010a) Talking to the enemy: Faith, brotherhood and the (un)making of terrorists. Harper-Collins.
Atran S. & Ginges J. (2012) Religious and sacred imperatives in human conflict. Science
Atran S. & Henrich J. (2010) The evolution of religion: How cognitive by-products, adaptive learning heuristics, ritual displays, and group competition generate deep commitments to prosocial religions. Biological Theory: Integrating Development, Evolution, and Cognition
Atran S. & Norenzayan A. (2004) Religion's evolutionary landscape: Counterintuition, commitment, compassion, communion. Behavioral and Brain Sciences
Banerjee K. & Bloom P. (2013) Would Tarzan believe in God?
Trends in Cognitive Sciences
Barrett J. L. (2000) Exploring the natural foundations of religion. Trends in Cognitive Science
Barrett J. L. (2004) Why would anyone believe in God?
Barrett J. L. (2008) Why Santa Claus is not a god. Journal of Cognition and Culture
Barrett J. L. & Keil F. C. (1996) Conceptualizing a nonnatural entity: Anthropomorphism in god concepts. Cognitive Psychology
Barro R. J. & McCleary R. M. (2003) Religion and economic growth across countries. American Sociological Review
Bateson M., Nettle D. & Roberts G. (2006) Cues of being watched enhance cooperation in a real-world setting. Biology Letters
Batson C. D., Schoenrade P. & Ventis W. L. (1993) Religion and the individual: A social-psychological perspective. Oxford University Press.
Baumard N. & Boyer P. (2013) Explaining moral religions. Trends in Cognitive Sciences
Beck W. (1992) Aboriginal preparation of cycads seeds in Australia. Economic Botany
Bell A. V., Richerson P. & McElreath R. (2009) Culture rather than genes provides greater scope for the evolution of large-scale human prosociality. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Bellah R. N. (2011) Religion in human evolution: From the Paleolithic to the Axial Age. Harvard University Press.
Bering J. (2011) The belief instinct: The psychology of souls, destiny, and the meaning of life. Norton.
Bering J. M. (2006) The folk psychology of souls. Behavioral and Brain Sciences
Bering J. M. & Johnson D. D. P. (2005) “O lord you perceive my thoughts from afar”: Recursiveness and the evolution of supernatural agency. Journal of Cognition and Culture
Bloom P. (2004) Descartes' baby. Basic Books.
Bloom P. (2007) Religion is natural. Developmental Science
Bloom P. (2012) Religion, morality, evolution. Annual Review of Psychology
63:179–99. doi: 10.1146/annurev-psych-120710-100334.
Bloom P. (2013) Just babies: The origins of good and evil. Crown.
Bloom P. & Weisberg D. S. (2007) Childhood origins of adult resistance to science. Science
Blume M. (2009) The reproductive benefits of religious affiliation. In: The biological evolution of religious mind and behavior, ed. Voland E. & Schiefenhövel W., pp. 117–26. Springer-Verlag.
Boehm C. (2008) A biocultural evolutionary exploration of supernatural sanctioning. In: Evolution of religion: Studies, theories, and critiques, ed. Bulbulia J., Sosis R., Harris E., Genet R., Genet C. & Wyman K., pp. 143–52. Collins Foundation Press.
Botero C. A., Gardner B., Kirby K. R., Bulbulia J., Gavin M. C. & Gray R. D. (2014) The ecology of religious beliefs. PNAS
Bottéro J. (2001) Religion in ancient Mesopotamia. University of Chicago Press.
Bowles S. (2006) Group competition, reproductive leveling, and the evolution of human altruism. Science
Bowles S. (2008) Conflict: Altruism's midwife. Science
Boyd D. (2001) Life without pigs: Recent subsistence changes among the Irakia Awa, Papua New Guinea. Human Ecology
Boyd R., Gintis H. & Richerson P. J. (2003) The evolution of altruistic punishment. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Boyd R. & Richerson P. J. (1988) The evolution of reciprocity in sizable groups. Journal of Theoretical Biology
Boyd R. & Richerson P. J. (1990a) Culture and cooperation. In: Beyond self-interest, ed. Mansbridge J., pp. 111–33. University of Chicago Press.
Boyd R. & Richerson P. J. (2009) Voting with your feet: Payoff biased migration and the evolution of group beneficial behavior. Journal of Theoretical Biology
Boyd R., Richerson P. J. & Henrich J. (2011a) Rapid cultural adaptation can facilitate the evolution of large-scale cooperation. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
Boyd R., Richerson P. J. & Henrich J. (2011b) The cultural niche: Why social learning is essential for human adaptation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Boyer P. (1994) The naturalness of religious ideas: A cognitive theory of religion. University of California Press.
Boyer P. (2001) Religion explained. The evolutionary origins of religious thought. Basic Books.
Boyer P. & Ramble C. (2001) Cognitive templates for religious concepts: Cross-cultural evidence for recall of counter-intuitive representations. Cognitive Science
Broesch J., Henrich J. & Barrett H. C. (2014) Adaptive content biases in learning about animals across the lifecourse. Human Nature
Brooks A. C. (2006) Who really cares: The surprising truth about compassionate conservatism. Basic Books.
Bulbulia J. (2004) Religious costs as adaptations that signal altruistic intention. Evolution and Cognition
Bulbulia J. (2008) Free love: Religious solidarity on the cheap. In: The evolution of religion: Studies, theories and critiques, ed. Bulbulia J., Richard S., Genet R., Harris E., Wynan K. & Genet C., pp. 153–60. Collins Foundation Press.
Bulbulia J. (2012) Ennuitheism. In: Science and the world's religions, Volume 3: Religions and controversies, ed. Wildman W. & McNamara P., pp. 165–94. Greenwood Publishing Group.
Burkert W. (1982) Ancient mystery cults. Harvard University Press.
Burnham T. & Johnson D. D. P. (2005) The evolutionary and biological logic of human cooperation. Analyse & Kritik
Carneiro R. L. (1970) A theory of the origin of the state. Science
Carter E. C., McCullough M. E., Kim-Spoon J., Corrales C. & Blake A. (2012) Religious people discount the future less. Evolution and Human Behavior
Chapais B. (2008) Primeval kinship: How pair-bonding gave birth to human society. Harvard University Press.
Choi J. K. & Bowles S. (2007) The coevolution of parochial altruism and war. Science
Chudek M. & Henrich J. (2011) Culture-gene coevolution, norm-psychology and the emergence of human prosociality. Trends in Cognitive Sciences
Chudek M., MacNamara R., Birch S. A., Bloom P. & Henrich J. (2015) Developmental and cross-cultural evidence for intuitive dualism. Unpublished manuscript.
Chudek M., Zhao W. & Henrich J. (2013) Culture-gene coevolution, large-scale cooperation and the shaping of human social psychology. In: Signaling, commitment, and emotion, ed. Joyce R., Sterelny K. & Calcott B., pp. 425–57. MIT Press.
Clark K. J. & Winslett J. T. (2011) The evolutionary psychology of Chinese religion: Pre-qin high gods as punishers and rewarders. Journal of the American Academy of Religion
Cohen E. E. A., Ejsmond-Frey R., Knight N. & Dunbar R. I. M. (2010) Rowers' high: Behavioural synchrony is correlated with elevated pain thresholds. Biology Letters
Crespi B. J. & Badcock C. (2008) Psychosis and autism as diametrical disorders of the social brain. Behavioral and Brain Sciences
Cronk L. (1994) Evolutionary theories of morality and the manipulative use of signals. Zygon
Currie T. E. & Mace R. (2009) Political complexity predicts the spread of ethnolinguistic groups. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Damisch L., Stoberock B. & Mussweiler T. (2010) Keep your fingers crossed! How superstition improves performance. Psychological Science
Darwin C. (1871) The descent of man. D. Appleton and Company.
Dawkins R. (2006) The god delusion. Mariner Books.
de Waal F. (2008) Putting the altruism back into altruism: The evolution of empathy. Annual Review of Psychology
Diamond J. (1997a) Guns, germs, and steel: The fates of human societies. Norton.
Durkheim E. (1915) The elementary forms of the religious life. New York Free Press.
Enmarch R. (2008) Theodicy. In: UCLA encyclopedia of Egyptology, ed. Dieleman J. & Wendrich W., pp. 1–7. UCLA.
Eno R. (2009) Shang state religion and the pantheon of the Oracle texts. In: Early Chinese religion: Part one: Shang through Han (1250 BC–22 AD), ed. Lagerwey J. & Kalinowski M., pp. 41–102. Brill.
Ensminger J. (1997) Transaction costs and Islam: Explaining conversion in Africa. Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics
Epley N. & Waytz A. (2010) Mind perception. In: The handbook of social psychology, fifth edition, ed. Fiske S. T., Gilbert D. T., & Lindsay G., pp. 498–541. Wiley.
Epley N., Waytz A. & Cacioppo J. T. (2007) On seeing human: A three-factor theory of anthropomorphism. Psychological Review
Fehr E. & Fischbacher U. (2003) The nature of human altruism. Nature
Fehr E., Fischbacher U. & Gächter S. (2002) Strong reciprocity, human cooperation and the enforcement of social norms. Human Nature
Fehr E. & Schneider F. (2010) Eyes are on us, but nobody cares: Are eye cues relevant for strong reciprocity?
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Fernandez R. & Fogli A. (2009) Culture: An empirical investigation of beliefs, work, and fertility. American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics
Flannery K. V. & Marcus J. (2000) Formative Mexican chiefdoms and the myth of the “Mother Culture.”
Journal of Anthropological Archaeology
Forge A. (1972) Normative factors in the settlement size of neolithic cultivators (New Guinea). In: Man, settlement, and urbanisation, ed. Ucko P., Tringham R. & Dimbelby G., pp. 363–76. Duckworth.
Frank R. H. (1988) Passions within reason. Norton.
Frith U. & Frith C. D. (2003) Development and neurophysiology of mentalizing. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
358:459–73. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2002.1218.
Geertz A. W. & Markusson G. I. (2010) Religion is natural, atheism is not: On why everybody is both right and wrong. Religion
Gervais W. M. (2013) Perceiving minds and gods: How mind perception enables, constrains, and is triggered by belief in gods. Perspectives on Psychological Science
Gervais W. M. & Henrich J. (2010) The Zeus problem: Why representational content biases cannot explain faith in gods. Journal of Cognition and Culture
Gervais W. M. & Norenzayan A. (2012a) Like a camera in the sky? Thinking about god increases public self-awareness and socially desirable responding. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
48:298–302. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2011.09.006.
Gervais W. M. & Norenzayan A. (2012b) Reminders of secular authority reduce believers' distrust of atheists. Psychological Science
Gervais W. M. & Norenzayan A. (2013) Religion and the origins of anti-atheist prejudice. In: Intolerance and conflict: A scientific and conceptual investigation, ed. Clarke S., Powell R. & Savulescu J., pp. 126–45. Oxford University Press.
Gervais W. M., Shariff A. F. & Norenzayan A. (2011a) Do you believe in atheists? Distrust is central to anti-atheist prejudice. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Gervais W. M., Willard A. K., Norenzayan A. & Henrich J. (2011b) The cultural transmission of faith: Why innate intuitions are necessary, but insufficient, to explain religious belief. Religion
Ginges J., Atran S., Medin D. & Shikaki K. (2007) Sacred bounds on rational resolution of violent political conflict. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Ginges J., Hansen I. & Norenzayan A. (2009) Religion and support for suicide attacks. Psychological Science
Gomes C. M. & McCullough M. E. (in press) The effects of implicit religious primes on dictator game allocations: A preregistered replication experiment. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
Graham J. & Haidt J. (2010) Beyond beliefs: Religions bind individuals into moral communities. Personality and Social Psychology Review
Granet M. (1934) La pensée chinoise. La Renaissance du Livre.
Greif A. (2006) Institutions and the path to the modern economy: Lessons from medieval trade. Cambridge University Press.
Gürerk Ö., Irlenbusch B. & Rockenbach B. (2006) The competitive advantage of sanctioning institutions. Science
Guthrie S. (1993) Faces in the clouds. Oxford University Press.
Guzman R. A., Rodriguez-Sickert C. & Rowthorn R. (2007) When in Rome, do as the Romans do: The coevolution of altruistic punishment, conformist learning, and cooperation. Evolution and Human Behavior
Haidt J. (2012) The righteous mind: Why good people are divided by politics and religion. Pantheon Books.
Haidt J., & Kesebir S. (2010) Morality. In: Handbook of Social Psychology, fifth edition, ed. Fiske S., & Gilbert D., pp. 797–832. Wiley.
Haley K. J. & Fessler D. M. T. (2005) Nobody's watching? Subtle cues affects generosity in an anonymous economic game. Evolution and Human Behavior
Hamlin J. K., Wynn K. & Bloom P. (2007) Social evaluation by preverbal infants. Nature
Harris P. L. (2012) Trusting what we're told: How children learn from others. Harvard University Press.
Hayek F. (1988) The fatal conceit. In: The collected works of F.A. Hayek, vol. 1, ed. Bartley W., pp. 66–85. University of Chicago Press.
Heath C., Bell C. & Sternberg E. (2001) Emotional selection in memes: The case of urban legends. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Henrich J. (2004) Cultural group selection, coevolutionary processes and large-scale cooperation. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization
Henrich J. (2009) The evolution of costly displays, cooperation and religion: Credibility enhancing displays and their implications for cultural evolution. Evolution and Human Behavior
Henrich J. (2012) Hunter-gatherer cooperation. Nature
Henrich J. (2015) The secret of our success: How learning from others drove human evolution, domesticated our species, and made us smart. Princeton University Press.
Henrich J. & Boyd R. (2001) Why people punish defectors: Weak conformist transmission can stabilize costly enforcement of norms in cooperative dilemmas. Journal of Theoretical Biology
Henrich J., Boyd R. & Richerson P. J. (2012) The puzzle of monogamous marriage. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Henrich J., Ensminger J., Barr A. & McElreath R. (2014) Major empirical results: Markets, religion, community size, and the evolution of fairness and punishment. In: Experimenting with social norms: Fairness and punishment in cross-cultural perspective, ed. Ensminger J. & Henrich J., pp. 89–148. Russell Sage Foundation.
Henrich J., Ensimger J., McElreath R., Barr A., Barrett C., Bolyanatz A., Cardenas J., Gurven M., Gwako E., Henrich N., Lesorogol C., Marlowe F., Tracer D. & Ziker J. (2010a) Markets, religion, community size, and the evolution of fairness and punishment. Science
Henrich J. & Gil-White F. (2001) The evolution of prestige: Freely conferred deference as a mechanism for enhancing the benefits of cultural transmission. Evolution and Human Behavior
Henrich J., Heine S. J. & Norenzayan A. (2010b) The weirdest people in the world?
Behavioral and Brain Sciences
Henrich N. & Henrich J. (2007) Why humans cooperate: A cultural and evolutionary explanation. Oxford University Press.
Herrmann B., Thoni C. & Gächter S. (2008) Antisocial punishment across societies. Science
Herrmann P. A., Legare C. H., Harris P. L. & Whitehouse H. (2013) Stick to the script: The effect of witnessing multiple actors on children's imitation. Cognition
Hill K. R., Walker R. S., Božičević M., Eder J., Headland T., Hewlett B., Hurtado A. M., Marlowe F., Wiessner P. & Wood B. (2011) Co-residence patterns in Hunter-Gatherer societies show unique human social structure. Science
Hove M. J. & Risen J. L. (2009) It's all in the timing: Interpersonal synchrony increases affiliation. Social Cognition
Hruschka D., Efferson C., Jiang T., Falletta-Cowden A., Sigurdsson S., McNamara R., Sands M., Munira S., Slingerland E. & Henrich J. (2014) Impartial institutions, pathogen stress, and the expanding social network. Human Nature
Huebner B., Lee J. L. & Hauser M. D. (2010) The moral conventional distinction in mature moral competence. Journal of Cognition and Culture
Iannaccone L. R. (1994) Why strict churches are strong. American Journal of Sociology
Inzlicht M. & Tullett A. M. (2010) Reflecting on god: Religious primes can reduce neuropsychological response to errors. Psychological Science
Irons W. (2001) Religion as a hard-to-fake sign of commitment. In: Evolution and the capacity for commitment, ed. Nesse R., pp. 292–309. Russell Sage Foundation.
Jaspers K. (1953) The origin and goal of history. Trans. Bullock M.. Yale University Press. (Original work, Vom Urspring und Ziel der Geschichte, published in 1949.)
Johnson A. W. & Earle T. (2000) The evolution of human societies, second edition. Stanford University Press.
Johnson D. D. P. (2005) God's punishment and public goods – a test of the supernatural punishment hypothesis in 186 world cultures. Human Nature
16(4):410–46. doi: 10.1007/s12110-005-1017-0.
Johnson D. D. P. (2009) The error of god: Error management theory, Religion and the evolution of cooperation. In: Games, groups and the global good, ed. Levin S. A., pp. 169–80. Springer-Verlag.
Johnson D. D. P. & Bering J. M. (2006) Hand of god, mind of man: Punishment and cognition in the evolution of cooperation. Evolutionary Psychology
Kapogiannis D., Barbey A. K., Su M., Zamboni G., Krueger F. & Grafman J. (2009) Cognitive and neural foundations of religious belief. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Kaufmann E. (2010) Shall the religious inherit the earth?: Demography and politics in the twenty-first century. Profile Books.
Kay A. C., Gaucher D., Napier J. L., Callan M. J. & Laurin K. (2008) God and the government: Testing a compensatory control mechanism for the support of external systems. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Kelemen D. (2004) Are children “Intuitive Theists”? Reasoning about purpose and design in nature. Psychological Science
Kelly R. C. (1985) The Nuer conquest: The structure and development of an expansionist system. University of Michigan Press.
Kenward B., Karlsson M. & Persson J. (2010) Over-imitation is better explained by norm learning than by distorted causal learning. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Khaldun I. (1958) The Muqaddimah: An introduction to history. Trans. Rosenthal F.. Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Kirch P. V. (2010) How chiefs became kings: Divine kingship and the rise of archaic states in ancient Hawai'i. University of California Press.
Kirkpatrick L. A. (1999) Toward an evolutionary psychology of religion and personality. Journal of Personality
67:921–52. doi: 10.1111/1467-6494.00078.
Kirschner S. & Tomasello M. (2010) Joint music making promotes prosocial behavior in 4-year-old children. Evolution and Human Behavior
Konvalinka I., Xygalatas D., Bulbulia J., Schjoedt U., Jegindo E. M. & Wallot S. (2011) Synchronized arousal between performers and related spectators in a fire-walking ritual. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Lanman J. (2012) The importance of religious displays for belief acquisition and secularization. Journal of Contemporary Religion
Laurin K., Kay A. C. & Fitzsimons G. M. (2012a) Divergent effects of activating thoughts of god on self-regulation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Laurin K., Shariff A. F., Henrich J. & Kay A. C. (2012b) Outsourcing punishment to God: Beliefs in divine control reduce earthly punishment. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Lawson E. T. & McCauley R. N. (1990) Rethinking religion: Connecting cognition and culture. Oxford University Press.
Lazaridis N. (2008) Ethics. In: UCLA encyclopedia of Egyptology, ed. Frood E. & Wendrich W.. UCLA.
Lee R. (1979) The !Kung San: Men, women, and work in a foraging society. Cambridge University Press.
Legare C. H., Evans E. M., Rosengren K. S. & Harris P. L. (2012) The coexistence of natural and supernatural explanations across cultures and development. Child Development
Legare C. H. & Souza A. L. (2012) Evaluating ritual efficacy: Evidence from the supernatural. Cognition: 124:1–15.
Legare C. H. & Souza A. L. (2014) Searching for control: Priming randomness increases the evaluation of ritual efficacy. Cognitive science
Lyons D. E., Young A. G. & Keil F. C. (2007) The hidden structure of overimitation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Marcus J. & Flannery K. V. (2004) The coevolution of ritual and society: New C-14 dates from ancient Mexico. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Marlowe F. (2010) The Hadza: Hunter-gatherers of Tanzania. University of California Press.
Marlowe F., Berbesque J. C., Barr A., Barrett C., Bolyanatz A., Cardenas J. C., Ensminger J., Gurven M., Gwako E., Henrich J., Henrich N., Lesorogol C., McElreath R. & Tracer D. (2008) More “altruistic” punishment in larger societies. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Marlowe F. W. (2004) Dictators and ultimatums in an egalitarian society of hunter-gatherers, the Hadza of Tanzania. In: Foundations of human sociality: Economic experiments and ethnographic evidence from fifteen small-scale societies, ed. Henrich J., Boyd R., Bowles S., Camerer C., Fehr E. & Gintis H., pp. 168–93. Oxford University Press.
Marshall L. (1962) !Kung Bushman religious beliefs. Africa: Journal of the International African Institute
McCauley R. N. (2011) Why religion is natural and science is not. Oxford University Press.
McCleary R. M. & Barro R. J. (2006) Religion and economy. The Journal of Economic Perspectives
McCullough M. E. & Willoughby B. L. B. (2009) Religion, self-regulation, and self-control: Associations, explanations, and implications. Psychological Bulletin
135:69–93. doi: 10.1037/a0014213.
McNamara R. A., Norenzayan A. & Henrich J. (2016) Supernatural punishment, in-group biases, and material insecurity: Experiments and ethnography from Yasawa, Fiji. Religion, Brain, and Behavior
McNeill W. H. (1982) Pursuit of power: Technology, armed force, and society since A.D. 1000. University of Chicago Press.
McNeill W. H. (1995) Keeping together in time. Harvard University Press.
Mikalson J. (2010) Ancient Greek religion. Blackwell Publishing.
Murdock G P. (1981) Atlas of world cultures. University of Pittsburgh Press.
Nesse R. (1999) Evolution of commitment and the origins of religion. Science and Spirit
Neuberg S. L., Warner C. Mistler, S. Berlin A., Hill E., Johnson J., Filip-Crawford G., Millsap R., Thomas G. M., Winkelman M., Broome B., Taylor T. & Schober. J. (2014) Religion and intergroup conflict: Findings from the Global Group Relations Project. Psychological Science
Nielsen M. & Tomaselli K. (2010) Overimitation in the Kalahari Bushman children and the origins of human cultural cognition. Psychological Science
Norenzayan A. (2013) Big Gods: How religion transformed cooperation and conflict. Princeton University Press.
Norenzayan A. (2014) Does religion make people moral?
Norenzayan A. & Gervais W. M. (2013) The origins of religious disbelief. Trends in Cognitive Science
Norenzayan A. & Gervais W. M. (2015) Secular rule of law erodes believers' political intolerance of atheists. Religion, Brain and Behavior
Norenzayan A., Gervais W. M. & Trzesniewski K. H. (2012) Mentalizing deficits constrain belief in a personal God. PLOS ONE
7:e36880. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0036880.
Norenzayan A., Henrich J. & Slingerland E. (2013) Religious prosociality: A synthesis. In: Cultural evolution, ed. Richerson P. & Christiansen M., pp. 365–78. The MIT Press.
Norris P. & Inglehart R. (2004) Sacred and secular: Religion and politics worldwide. Cambridge University Press.
Obeyesekere G. (2002) Imagining karma: Ethical transformation in Amerindian, Buddhist, and Greek rebirth. University of California Press.
Otterbein K. F. (1970) The evolution of war: A cross-cultural study. Human Relations Area Files Press.
Paciotti B. & Hadley C. (2003) The ultimatum game in Southwestern Tanzania: Ethnic variation and institutional scope1. Current Anthropology
Paladino M. P., Mazzurega M., Pavani F. & Schubert T. W. (2010) Synchronous multisensory stimulation blurs self-other boundaries. Psychological Science
Panchanathan K. & Boyd R. (2003) A tale of two defectors: The importance of standing for the evolution of indirect reciprocity. Journal of Theoretical Biology
Peoples H. C. & Marlowe F. W. (2012) Subsistence and the evolution of religion. Human Nature
Perreault C., Moya C. & Boyd R. (2012) A Bayesian approach to the evolution of social learning. Evolution and Human Behavior
Poo M. C. (2009) Rethinking ghosts in world religions. Brill.
Purzycki B. G. (2011) Tyvan Cher Eezi and the sociological constraints of supernatural agents' minds. Religion, Brain and Behavior
Purzycki B. G. (2013) The minds of gods: A comparative study of supernatural agency. Cognition
Purzycki B. G., Finkel D. N., Shaver J., Wales N., Cohen A. B. & Sosis R. (2012) What does God know? Supernatural agents' access to socially strategic and non-strategic information. Cognitive Science
Purzycki B. G. & Willard A. K. (in press) MCI theory: A critical discussion. Religion, Brain and Behavior.
Putnam R. & Campbell R. (2010) American grace: How religion divides and unites us. Simon & Schuster.
Randolph-Seng B. & Nielsen M. E. (2007) Honesty: One effect of primed religious representations. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion
Rappaport R. A. (1999) Ritual and religion in the making of humanity. Cambridge University Press.
Rauh N. K. (1993) The sacred bonds of commerce: Religion, economy, and trade society at Hellenistic Roman Delos, 166–87 B.C. Gieben.
Rendell L., Fogarty L., Hoppitt W. J., Morgan T. J., Webster M. M. & Laland K. N. (2011) Cognitive culture: Theoretical and empirical insights into social learning strategies. Trends in Cognitive Sciences
Richerson P., Hillis V., Newson L., Baldini R., Frost K., Bell A., Demps K., Mathew S., Newton E., Narr N., Ross C., Smaldino P., Waring T. M. & Zefferman M. (in press) Cultural group selection plays an essential role in explaining human cooperation: A sketch of the evidence. Behavioral and Brain Sciences
Richerson P. J. & Boyd R. (1999) Complex societies – the evolutionary origins of a crude superorganism. Human Nature
Richerson P. J. & Boyd R. (2005) Not by genes alone: How culture transformed human evolution. University of Chicago Press.
Richerson P. J., Boyd R. & Bettinger R. L. (2001) Was agriculture impossible during the Pleistocene but mandatory during the Holocene? A climate change hypothesis. American Antiquity
Rigdon M., Ishii K., Watabe M. & Kitayama S. (2009) Minimal social cues in the dictator game. Journal of Economic Psychology
Rives J. (2007) Religion in the Roman empire. Blackwell Publishing.
Roes F. L. (1995) The size of societies, stratification, and belief in high gods supportive of human morality. Politics and the Life Sciences
Roes F. L. & Raymond M. (2003) Belief in moralizing gods. Evolution and Human Behavior
Roes F. L. & Raymond M. (2009) Moralizing gods and the arms-race hypothesis of human society growth. Open Social Science Journal
Rounding K., Lee A., Jacobson J. & Ji L.-J. (2012) Religion replenishes self-control. Psychological Science
Saaksvuori L., Mappes T. & Puurtinen M. (2011) Costly punishment prevails in intergroup conflict. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences
Saler B. (2009) Reduction, integrated theory, and the study of religion. Religion
Sanderson S. K. & Roberts W. W. (2008) The evolutionary forms of the religious life: A cross-cultural, quantitative analysis. American Anthropologist
Sarkissian H. (2015) Supernatural, social, and self-monitoring in the scaling-up of Chinese civilization. Religion, Brain and Behavior
Schjoedt U., Stødkilde-Jørgensen H., Geertz A. W. & Roepstorff A. (2009) Highly religious participants recruit areas of social cognition in personal prayer. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
Schloss J. P. (2007) He who laughs best: Religious affect as a solution to recursive cooperative defection. In: The evolution of religion: Studies, theories, critiques, ed. Bulbulia J., Richard S., Genet R., Harris E., Wynan K. & Genet C., pp. 205–15. Collins Foundation Press.
Schloss J. P. & Murray M. J. (2011) Evolutionary accounts of belief in supernatural punishment: A critical review. Religion, Brain and Behavior
Shariff A. F. & Norenzayan A. (2007) God is watching you: Priming god concepts increases prosocial behavior in an anonymous economic game. Psychological Science
Shariff A. F. & Norenzayan A. (2011) Mean gods make good people: Different views of god predict cheating behavior. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion
Shariff A. F. & Norenzayan A. (in press) A question of reliability or of boundary conditions? Commentary on Gomes & McCullough. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
Shariff A. F., Norenzayan A. & Henrich J. (2010) The birth of high gods: How the cultural evolution of supernatural policing agents influenced the emergence of complex, cooperative human societies, paving the way for civilization. In: Evolution, culture and the human mind, ed. Schaller M., Norenzayan A., Heine S. J., Yamaguishi T. & Kameda T., pp. 119–36. Erlbaum.
Shariff A. F. & Rhemtulla M. (2012) Divergent effects of belief in heaven and hell on national crime rates. PLOS ONE
Shariff A. F., Willard A. K., Andersen T. & Norenzayan A. (in press) Religious priming: A meta-analysis with a focus on religious prosociality. Personality and Social Psychology Review.
Sibley C. G. & Bulbulia J. (2012) Faith after an earthquake: A longitudinal study of religion and perceived health before and after the 2011 Christchurch, New Zealand earthquake. PLOS ONE
Silver M. (1995) Economic structures of antiquity (No. 159). Greenwood Publishing Group.
Slingerland E. (2003) Confucius: Analects: With selections from traditional commentaries. Hackett.
Slingerland E. (2013) Body and mind in early China: An integrated humanities-science approach. Journal of the American Academy of Religion
Slingerland E. (2014) Trying not to try: The art and science of spontaneity. Random House.
Slingerland E., Henrich J. & Norenzayan A. (2013) The evolution of prosocial religions. In: Cultural evolution: Society, technology, language and religion, ed. Richerson P. J. & Christiansen M. H., pp. 331–44. MIT Press.
Smaldino P. E. (2014) The cultural evolution of emergent group-level traits. Behavioral and Brain Sciences
Snarey J. (1996) The natural environment's impact upon religious ethics: A cross-cultural study. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion
Soler M. (2012) Costly signaling, ritual and cooperation: Evidence from Candomblé, an Afro-Brazilian religion. Evolution and Human Behavior
Soltis J., Boyd R. & Richerson P. J. (1995) Can group-functional behaviors evolve by cultural group selection? An empirical test. Current Anthropology
Sosis R. (2000) Religion and intragroup cooperation: Preliminary results of a comparative analysis of utopian communities. Cross-Cultural Research
Sosis R. (2009) The adaptationist-byproduct debate on the evolution of religion: Five misunderstandings of the adaptationist program. Journal of Cognition and Culture
Sosis R. & Alcorta C. (2003) Signaling, solidarity, and the sacred: The evolution of religious behavior. Evolutionary Anthropology
Sosis R. & Bressler E. (2003) Cooperation and commune longevity: A test of the costly signaling theory of religion. Cross-Cultural Research
Sosis R. & Bulbulia J. (2011) The behavioral ecology of religion: The benefits and costs of one evolutionary approach. Religion
Sosis R., Kress H. & Boster J. (2007) Scars for war: Evaluating alternative signaling explanations for cross-cultural variance in ritual costs. Evolution and Human Behavior
Sosis R. & Ruffle B. J. (2003) Religious ritual and cooperation: Testing for a relationship on Israeli religious and secular kibbutzim. Current Anthropology
Spencer C. & Redmond E. (2001) Multilevel selection and political evolution in the valley of Oaxaca. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology
Sperber D. (1996) Explaining culture: A naturalistic approach. Wiley-Blackwell.
Sperber D., Clément F., Heintz C., Mascaro O., Mercier H., Origgi G. & Wilson D. (2010) Epistemic vigilance. Mind & Language
Stark R. (1996) The rise of Christianity: How the obscure, marginal, Jesus movement became the dominant religious force. HarperOne.
Stark R. (2001) Gods, rituals, and the moral order. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion
Stausberg M. (2010) Prospects in theories of religion. Method and Theory in the Study of Religion
Stubbersfield J. M., Tehrani J. J. & Flynn E. G. (2015) Serial killers, spiders and cybersex: Social and survival information bias in the transmission of urban legends. British Journal of Psychology
Swann W. B., Gomez A., Seyle D. C., Morales J. F. & Huici C. (2009) Identity fusion: The interplay of personal and social identities in extreme group behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Swanson G. E. (1960) The birth of the gods. University of Michigan Press.
Taves A. (2009) Religious experience reconsidered: A building-block approach to the study of religion and other special things. Princeton University Press.
Taylor C. (1989) Sources of the self: The makings of modern identity. Harvard University Press.
Taylor C. (2007) A secular age. Belknap Harvard.
Thote A. (2009) Shang and Zhou funeral practices: interpretation of material vestiges. In: Early Chinese religion: Part one: Shang though Han (1250 BC-22 AD), ed. Lagerwey J. & Kalinowski M., pp. 103–42. Brill.
Tomasello M. (2001) The cultural origins of human cognition. Harvard University Press.
Turchin P. (2003) Historical dynamics: Why states rise and fall. Princeton University Press.
Turchin P. (2011) Warfare and the evolution of social complexity: A multilevel selection approach. Structure and Dynamics
Turchin P., Currie T. E., Turner E. A. L. & Gavrilets S. (2013) War, space, and the evolution of Old World complex societies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Tuzin D. (1976) The Ilahita Arapesh. University of California.
Tuzin D. (2001) Social complexity in the making: A case study among the Arapesh of New Guinea. Routledge.
Tylor E. D. (1871) Primitive culture: Researches into the development of mythology, philosophy, religion, art, and custom. Gordon Press.
Underhill R. (1975) Economic and political antecedents of monotheism: A cross-cultural study. American Journal of Sociology
Valdesolo P., Ouyang J. & DeSteno D. (2010) The rhythm of joint action: Synchrony promotes cooperative ability. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
Waytz A., Gray K., Epley N. & Wegner D. M. (2010) Causes and consequences of mind perception. Trends in Cognitive Sciences
14:383–88. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2010.05.006.
Wheeler S. C., DeMarree K. G., & Petty R. E. (2007) Understanding the role of the self in prime to behavior effects: The active-self account. Personality and Social Psychology Review
Whitehouse H. (2004) Modes of religiosity: A cognitive theory of religious transmission. AltaMira Press.
Whitehouse H. & Hodder I. (2010) Modes of religiosity at Çatalhöyük. In: Religion in the emergence of civilization: Çatalhöyük as a case study, ed. Hodder I., pp. 122–45. Cambridge University Press.
Wiessner P. & Tumu A. (1998) Historical vines. Smithsonian Institution Press.
Wildman W. J. & Sosis R. (2011) Stability of groups with costly beliefs and practices. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation
Willard A., & Norenzayan A. (2015) Spiritual but not religious: Cognition, schizotypy, and conversion in understanding alternative beliefs. Unpublished manuscript.
Willard A. K. & Norenzayan A. (2013) Cognitive biases explain religious belief, paranormal belief, and belief in life's purpose. Cognition
129:379–91. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2013.07.016.
Willard A. K., Norenzayan A. & Henrich J. (2015) The effects of credibility enhancing displays on behavior and belief. Unpublished manuscript.
Wilson D. S. (2003) Darwin's Cathedral: Evolution, religion, and the nature of society. University of Chicago Press.
Wiltermuth S. S. & Heath C. (2009) Synchrony and cooperation. Psychological Science
Wright R. (2009) The evolution of god. Little, Brown.
Xygalatas D. (2013) Effects of religious setting on cooperative behaviour: A case study from Mauritius. Religion, Brain and Behavior
Xygalatas D., Mitkidis P., Fischer R., Reddish P., Skewes J., Geertz A. W., Roepstorff A. & Bulbulia J. (2013) Extreme rituals promote prosociality. Psychological Science
Zhong C. B., Bohns V. B. & Gino F. (2010) A good lamp is the best police: Darkness increases dishonesty and self-interested behavior. Psychological Science
Zuckerman P. (2007) Atheism: Contemporary numbers and patterns. In: The Cambridge companion to atheism, ed. Martin M., pp. 47–65. Cambridge University Press.
Zuckerman P. (2008) Society without God. New York University Press.